日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2018年 05月 07日

末法の本仏の立場で法華経一部二十八品を直弟子日興上人に口伝した書【御義口伝 上】要点解説(54)

【法師品十五箇の大事】


第三 如来所遣 行如来事の事

「(和訳)是の人は則ち如来の使いなり、如来の所遣として、如来の事を行ずるなり」

 

御義口伝に云く、法華の行者は如来の使に来れり。

 如来(注)とは釈迦、如来事とは南無妙法蓮華経なり。


 如来とは、十界三千の衆生の事なり(注)。


今、日蓮等の類い、南無妙法蓮華経と唱え奉るは、真実の御使なり云云。




(注)

如来 仏の称号の一つ。妙法蓮華経では仏に対し、様々な尊称(異名)を使っている。 例えば世尊、教師、導師等。

しかしながら釈尊自身が自らを称する時は、如来寿量品の偈「我亦為世父 救諸苦患者(我また、世の父と為りて、諸の苦しみ患らいを救う者なり)」のように「衆生の父」と称している。


日蓮大聖人は佐渡流罪直後に著した「開目抄」の冒頭で「夫れ一切衆生の尊敬すべき者三あり、所謂主師親これなり」と記されるとともに、終段で「日蓮は日本国の諸人にしうし(主師)父母なり」と宣言し、自らが末法の本仏であることを明かされている。


如来とは、十界三千の衆生の事なり。

この文では、すべての衆生の己心に仏界が備わっており、南無妙法蓮華経と唱えることで、誰しもが成仏・得道する事ができると日蓮大聖人は解き明かしている。



【御義口伝 上】要点解説(55)に続く





by johsei1129 | 2018-05-07 20:26 | 御義口伝 | Trackback | Comments(0)
2018年 05月 06日

14. To the Nation Remonstrate, and the Persecution of Matsuba Valley (7)

              Japanese edition


The loud laughter is heard in the residence of Gokurakuji Temple in Kamakura.

A handsome priest carried liquor.

Including Shigetoki Hojou, the Buddhist priest of the black robe surrounded Ryokan of the master there.

Shigetoki has a cup in a hand and is very in a good mood.

“Great for you. The chief bonze, Ryōkan. Prayer of today would reach to Heaven. The family of the shogunate, lord Kamakura are joying too.

Ryōkan is nonchalant.

“There was a proposal to teach the method that an administrator of the Hachiman Shrine brought rain some time ago to me”.

“How remarkably well, is wonderful. Please teach this Shigetoki too”.

Ryōkan is modest.

“No, it may be that the gods of Heaven put me under pity because I slightly did Law of Buddha. This either is power of Lord Shigetoki who built this excellent temple".

"That is worthy of priest Ryokan. Even if accomplished such skill, you are modest to the last. This is the thing which we should tell other priests of Kamakura. I wanted to show Nichiren it particularly”.

“Is it the Buddhist priest who was in the Matsuba Valley? My many believers are converting to Nichiren”.

“He was cursed with cause and effect, is missing by that fire. The rumor that he was burnt to death. Oh, the deed comes back upon the doer”.

While laughs, Shigetoki continues.

“However, he was the Buddhist priest who said a joke. Nembutsu believers fall into the hell, or Japan would receive an internal insurrection and the attack of other countries if we continued as is, he said. Apart from an internal insurrection, Japan is surrounded by the retaining wall of nature called the sea. Although ten or 100 people may be possible, how would one carry food with a soldier of several thousand tens of thousands from the continent across sea? Therefore, since the founding of a country, Japan has not received the attack of other countries. He is a funny Buddhist priest not able to understand such a thing”.

However, Ryōkan was suspicious unlike Shigetoki.

“But there is a lot still the believer of Nichiren in Kamakura. Please continue to remain vigilant”.

“There is nothing to worry about. A person like bonze Ryokan would be not afraid of only one Buddhist priest. Nichiren has disappeared. The believers either become extinct naturally”.

Ryōkan assumed a grave look.

“Lord Shigetoki. Actually, there is a rumor that Nichiren is in Shimousa now”.

The cup of Shigetoki stopped.

“What, in Shimousa. The military governor is Chiba Yoritane”.

Ryōkan nodded.

“Rumor has it that he is spreading it very much. The nondescript is weird things, for this Ryokan. I think whether making the first move so that a serious situation does not occur is advisable”.

Ryōkan is 45 years old at this time. He was 6 years old older than Nichiren. It was the age that has matured and mellowed, but he wants to nip off the buds of the anxiety early.

“Priest Ryokan, I understood. I'll take care of that”.

Shigetoki drank up the liquor of the cup at a stretch when he said in this way.


Continued to the ‘Nichiren Suffers the Difficulty of the Izu Exile’.


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents



by johsei1129 | 2018-05-06 20:54 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2018年 05月 05日

14. To the Nation Remonstrate, and the Persecution of Matsuba Valley (6)

              Japanese edition


The morning sun shined on the mountain pass.

The voice of the cicada is noisy in the mountains.

With Joninin the lead, a party of Nichiren advances and is drenched with sweat.

The rumor that Nichiren was burnt to death spread in Kamakura. Should leave before it is too late. If people of Nembutsu know his safety, it is definitely dangerous this time.

They overlooked Kamakura from the mountain pass.

Disciples wipe sweat dripping to a brow.

Nichiren made Kamakura a back and left for Shimousa.

Strong sunlight attacked them in the country road to Shimousa.

The fields are drying up.

Farmers plow by a hoe, but the soil does not have a response like sand at all.

They were tearing their hair out over seeing the seedling which died.

A drought began in the farm.

 The party of Nichiren goes the road while being careful of neighboring people. A pursuer might come. All members are bathed in sweat.

Daisinbo,one of the disciples, groaned.

“Will you not give me some water to drink?”.

Kyoninbo of the senior disciple blocked him.

“The water is precious. Hold out”.

They walked silently.


Kamakura either was under the blazing sun.

The sun of the midsummer glared down relentlessly.

Women bathed in sweat are going to draw water from a well in the town, but nothing remains even if they take down a pail deeply.

“The well has run dry too”.

Women were discouraged.

“This is beyond hope too, isn't it? I wish it would rain”.

“Nothing is good, is it? Only dead people go on increasing”.

“Did you hear? Prayer of praying for rain seems to being done by the priest Ryokan of Gokurakuji Temple”.

“With an order of lord Kamakura.

"But tell me. You shouldn't get your hopes up. That Buddhist priest does various things. He makes a road and cures a sick person. But is not it difficult raining by him?”.

“Seems to be good at the money-making, too. His paunch. Seems to eat a lot of delicacies”.

All members laughed, but they turned into a sigh immediately.


In the precincts of Gokurakuji Temple, people and samurais crowded.

The sun is glaring here too.The crowd was already sweaty.

Priest Ryokan came up and sat straight in the center of the temple grounds.

The estrade of the prayer is provided, and the statue of Amida is put there.

The golden bowl which water was poured into was put.

The priests of the black robe line up behind Ryokan. They sat straight to a plank spread on the temple grounds.

Priest Ryokan puts hands together and says grace to the statue.

“Nam-Amidabutsu, Nam-Amidabutsu…”

The other priests either chanted it in chorus. And the crowd prays, too.

Priest Ryokan sprinkled the water of the bowl to the statue in the middle of prayer.

A thunderhead swelled up in the azure sky at this time, and the sky darkened.

And sudden thunder sounded.

A crowd cheers with a rush.

One drop of rainwater declined to a robe of Rhyokan.

It rained gently in Kamakura before long.

A crowd exulted, and a voice of the admiration echoed.


        Continued to (7)


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents



by johsei1129 | 2018-05-05 10:37 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2018年 05月 04日

14. To the Nation Remonstrate, and the Persecution of Matsuba Valley (5)

               Japanese edition


The voice of the crowd sounded.

“Nichiren escaped!”.

The crowd of Nembutsu chases Nichiren.

The Buddhist priest of black robe leads them and runs after him with a long-handled sword. The fire of the torch runs to darkness.

One samurai stood in front of the party of Nichiren who was running. It was Shijo Kingo who has appeared from the dark.

Nichiren was relieved.

"Oh, sir, Lord Kingo".

"Priest, follow me".

Kingo guided to the small road which descended to the valley.

“A thousand thanks!”.

The crowds bore down upon there.

Kingo shuts it out and opens both hands.

“Stop!”

The crowd was at a high pitch of excitement.

"Who are you? Are you a conspirator of Nichiren?”.

Kingo shouts out.

“I do not know what there was, but what is it to attack only several people in great numbers? There is a priest there. He is a Buddhist priest of wherever? What is the Buddhist priest who should forbid killing doing?”.

The Buddhist priest of black robe shrank, but supporters rebuked Kingo instead.

“Shut up! We will exterminate the enemy of Nembutsu. Get out of our way!”.

A crowd threatened Kingo by a torch, but he drew his sword quickly, and cut a torch. The torch was cut and floated in the air, and sparks spread on crowds.

A crowd screams. Kingo saw it and escaped by this chance.

The party of Nichiren lay hidden in the small cave of the foot of a mountain.

There is a hurt disciple.

Nichiren dropped a voice and encouraged them.

“Is the body all right? Is there not the injury? Everybody succeeded in escaping well!”.

In Nichiro, a face looked pale, and a quiver did not stop. Hokbo rushed and hooked his arm over Nichiro's shoulder.

Heard a crowd howling in the distance.

Then, they heard footsteps that somebody approached to here.

Who is he? Disciples strain their ears.

Nichiren was prepared for it. Sanmibo drops his head.

But the person of footsteps was not an enemy. Jonin Toki was searching for Nichiren under moonlight.

Jonin whispers it in a low voice.

Priest, priest”.

Eyes of Nichiren shined.

“That voice is Lord Toki”.

Nichiren met again to Jonin Toki, at the entrance of cave.

Jonin confirmed the safety of Nichiren and was finally relieved.

“I am glad that you are safe. I am ready to go with you”.

“Where to?”.

“If the priest was in Kamakura, it is dangerous. Let's evacuate to my residence of Shimousa for the time being”.

Nichiren put hands together unintentionally.

“I am very much obliged to you”.

Shijo Kingo ran out of breath and rushed to there.

Nichiren spoke to Kingo.

“You were good come through! Lord Kingo is really admirable”.

Jonin tells it to Shijo Kingo.

“Lord Kingo, the priest leaves from Kamakura with us, we evacuate to Shimousa temporarily”.

“It is a happy idea. Leave Kamakura to me. I'm depending on you for the priest. Now then, quick!”.

They left Kingo and left under cover of darkness.

Nichiren looked back and looked back and watched Kingo. Kingo stepped strongly with both legs and saw them off grandly.

Kingo supposed at this time that the believers of the Lotus sutra would fall into much difficulty in the future. At the same time, he made up his mind to protect teacher Nichiren of the mind even at the risk of life throughout the life firmly.


           Continued to (6)


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents



by johsei1129 | 2018-05-04 13:17 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2018年 05月 03日

末法の本仏の立場で法華経一部二十八品を直弟子日興上人に口伝した書【御義口伝 上】要点解説(53)

【法師品十五箇の大事】

第二 成就大願 愍衆生故 生於悪世 広演此経の事
 (訳) 衆生を愍(あわれむ)故に、悪世に生まれ、 広く此の経(妙法蓮華経)を説くという大願を成就せり。

御義口伝に云く、大願とは法華弘通なり。
愍衆生故とは、日本国の一切衆生なり、生於悪世の人とは日蓮等の類いなり。 

 広とは南閻浮提なり(注)、此経とは題目なり。

今、日蓮等の類い、南無妙法蓮華経と唱え奉る者なり。


(注)

南閻浮提
(なんえんぶだい)
閻浮提とも称する。サンスクリットJumbūdvīpaの音訳で、人の住む世界、つまり全世界を意味する。

日蓮大聖人は「顕仏未来記」で次のように説かれておられます。

「月は西より出でて東を照し、日は東より出でて西を照す。
仏法も又以て是くの如し、正像(釈迦滅後二千年)には西より東に向い、末法には東より西に往く。<中略>
法華経の第八に云く「如来の滅後に於て閻浮提の内に広く流布せしめて断絶せざらしめん」等云云。
内の字は三洲を嫌う文なり。

 問うて曰く、仏記既に此くの如し、汝が未来記如何。
答えて曰く、仏記に順じて之を勘うるに、既に後五百歳(末法)の始に相当れり、仏法必ず東土の日本より出づべきなり」と。


【御義口伝 上】要点解説(54)に続く




by johsei1129 | 2018-05-03 20:56 | 御義口伝 | Trackback | Comments(0)
2018年 05月 03日

14. To the Nation Remonstrate, and the Persecution of Matsuba Valley (4)

       Japanese edition

f0301354_11162976.jpg

From Biography of Nichiren Daishonin


It was a quiet night. That was August 27, 1260 when approximately one month passed after he gives 'The Treatise of Establishing the Correct Teachings for the Safety of the Nation'.

The approximately 100 crowds who were led by a Nembutsu priest of black clothes gathered in the open air without a sound and surrounded the thatched hut of the Matsuba Valley.

The faces are lighted up by the torch, and, in darkness, only eyes shine glaringly. They raised the torch which they held in a hand before long and set fire to the thatched hut of Nichiren.

It snapped as it burned in a moment. The reaction of the treatise revealed the worst result.

When Nichiren woke to an outside sound to be excited, a bedroom had been wrapped in gray smoke.

“Get up, everybody, there is a fire!”.

Disciples stood up in a hurry and were going to go out, but they were astonished that a crowd blocked them.

A crowd yell equally.

“The enemy of Nembutsu. Murder him!”.

Disciples pushed their way through the crowd and intended to secure the road of retreat of Nichiren desperately.

Nichiren was at a loss among smoke around.

Hokibo led Nichiren by the hand at this time.

“Over here, priest!”.

Hokibo goes to the back entrance. Disciples followed.

The crowd of Nembutsu cheered to the flame which blazed. The house is wrapped in flame and is burnt and falls apart.

The two masked samurais stood behind the people of Nembutsu.

The town official rushed here.

“What's going on here? The arson is a grave offense that deserves a form of capital punishment in Kamakura. I will capture you. You are my prisoner!”.

The crowd who surrounded a thatched hut panicked like scattering sparks literally and ran away.

When force of the fire calmed down, a fire brigade began to break the thatched hut of Nichiren.

Two masked samurais stare at this scene distant. They were parent and child of Shigetoki Hojo and Nagatoki.

Nagatoki is working as the regent now. Shigetoki of father was called Gokurakuji who was wealthy supporters of the temple of Gokurakuji Ryokan.

Nichiren was an enemy of Nembutsu for Shigetoki and was an enemy of Ryokan.

Nichiren comments on Shigetoki Hojou in a letter addressed to Munenaga of the younger brother of Ikegami brothers as follows later.

“Lord Gokurakuji was a respectable person. However, he himself and his clan became extinct because he was tempted by people of Nembutsu and bore a grudge against Nichiren”. Letter to Munenaga Ikegami’.


       Continued to (4)


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents



by johsei1129 | 2018-05-03 10:45 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2018年 05月 02日

末法の本仏の立場で法華経一部二十八品を直弟子日興上人に口伝した書【御義口伝 上】要点解説(52)

【法師品十五箇の大事】
第一  法師の事

 御義口伝に云く、法とは諸法なり。師とは諸法が直ちに師と成るなり。

 森羅三千の諸法が、直ちに師と成り、弟子となるべきなり。 

 
今、日蓮等の類い、南無妙法蓮華経と唱え奉る者は、法師の中の大法師なり。

諸法実相の開覚顕れて見れば、地獄の灯燃猛火、乃至仏果に至る迄、悉く具足して一念三千(注)の法師なり。

 
又云く、法とは題目(南妙法蓮華経)、師とは日蓮等の類いなり。




(注)

一念三千

天台は法華三部作の頂点である「摩訶止観」で、一瞬の生命に三千の法が働い

ていると論じた。その概要は以下のとおりです。


己心の一念に地獄・餓鬼・畜生・修羅・人・天・声聞・縁覚・菩薩・仏の十界

の命があり、この命は縁に触れて生じる。

例えば他人に自分の欠点を指摘され、怒り(修羅界)の命が生じたり、好きな人

に褒められて嬉しくなり、天にも昇る心地(天界)の命が生ずる場合などである。

此の十界の命が互いに具する事を十界互具とする。

この十界互具とは、仏は仏の境涯で、地獄界から菩薩界の命を生じ、人は人界

の境涯で、地獄から仏界までの十界の命を生じるとする。


日蓮大聖人は「十界互具」について「観心本尊抄」で次のように解き明かしている。

「世間の無常は眼前に有り、豈人界に二乗界(声聞・縁覚)無からんや。

 無顧の悪人も猶妻子を慈愛す、菩薩界の一分なり。 但仏界計り現じ難し。

九界を具するを以て強いて之を信じ、疑惑せしむること勿れ。
 

 法華経の文に人界を説いて云く「衆生をして仏知見を開かしめんと欲す」、涅槃経に云く「大乗を学する者は肉眼有りと雖も、名けて仏眼と為す」等云云。

 末代の凡夫、出生して法華経(妙法蓮華経)を信ずるは、人界に仏界を具足する故なり」と。


次に、一念がどのような法で外に向かって作用し、その結果生じる果報について、解き明かしたのが「十如是」で、妙法蓮華経・方便品第二で次のように説

かれている。

「仏の成就せる所は、第一の希有で難解の法にして、唯、仏と仏のみ、乃ち能く諸法の実相を究め尽くせばなり。

 謂う所は、諸法の、是の如き相と、是の如き性、是の如き体、是の如き力、是の如き作、是の如き因、是の如き縁、是の如き果、是の如き報、是の如き末究竟等(注)なり」


 上記の「如是(相・性・体・力・作・因・縁・果・報・本末究竟等)」は、仏も衆生も、有情も非情も、同じ法則で貫かれている事を意味し、釈尊が法華経

で、一切衆生に仏と同様に仏の命があることを説くための、導入部としての役割を果たしている。

 

 この十如是はサンスクリットの原文では「仏だけが諸法の現象の本質、特徴を知り、教示できる」と、大まかに結論を説いているが、
妙法蓮華経を漢訳した天才鳩摩羅什は、釈迦の立場に立ち、サンスクリットの原典の真意を衆生によりわかりやすく伝えるために「諸法の現象の本質」を具体的に「十如是」として展開したものと推測される。


十界互具及び十如是は、有情非情の生命に共通に備わる法則であるが、個々人の境遇の違いを説いたのが「三世間」の法門である。尚、世間とは違い、差別及び区別を意味する。


 三世間の概要は以下の通りです。

五陰(ごおん)世間 は個人の持って生まれた個性・特質の違いを示す。個人が持つ五陰つまり「色・受・想・行・識」の5つの要素の違いを言う。

衆生世間 自分を取り巻く衆生つまり人々(父母・兄弟・友人・社会で出会う人々等々)の違いを示す。

国土世間 生まれついた自然環境、例えば大都市のビル群で育つ人、海辺、農村で育つ人、戦争のない日本で生まれた人、シリアの難民キャンプで生まれ育

った人等の、取り巻く環境の違い。


以上を集約すると、十界、十界互具で百界、十如是をかけ合わせると千如是、さらに三世間をかけ合わせて三千世間つまり、一念三千の法を構成することに

なる。


本末究竟等 

如是相から如是報までの本と末が、究竟(究極・必定・絶対)的に等しい、つまり仏も衆生も有情も非情も、究極として十如是の法則が等しく働いているとする。



【御義口伝 上】要点解説(53)に続く






by johsei1129 | 2018-05-02 21:07 | 御義口伝 | Trackback | Comments(0)