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2017年 05月 18日

6 Feud with Tojo Kagenobu (3)

                  Japanese edition


"Buddhist priest of the Seichoji Temple, Nichiren expresses it. Seichoji is the venerable temple which have inherited a tradition of the Great Teacher Dengyo, and has lasted for 500 years. Is it not too rapid to place in the protection of land steward easily in now? The temple respects Buddha to the last and is a place of the faiths that all creatures are rescued by Buddha. The temple is not a place for the vulgar world.”

Kagenobu takes the sword.
 “It is this man who pretend Nembutsu is the hell of the incessant suffering”.
 The clerk reproved Kagenobu who was excited.
 “Dear Tojo, we are discussing the territory problem here, are not discussing the Buddha's Law”.
 Nichiren continues.
 “And one more. Is this court not the place that both a samurai and the farmer and of course priests try closely impartially?”

The judge said ceremoniously.
 "It is true".
 “If so, should you not do judgment in conformity with common sense as written on Formulary of Adjudications without being afraid of authority without hesitating to the public?".
 “Precisely”.

“If so, it is clear that our Seichoji Temple is guiltless. It is the fair judgment that a court confiscates the land of the land steward and gives to the Seichoji Temple as the punishment according to the Formularyof Adjudications to ban a reckless land steward who embezzles land without permission”.

The Tojo side leaned forward this time.

“None of your sauce!”

Kagenobu stood up, but he was stopped by the subordinate.

Similarly, the Seichoji Temple side thought losing if they remained silent and they raised a voice and fought back.

The government official quiets it, but both booing does not stop. The judge declared to stop it in a hurry.

"Be still! Today's trial closed with this.”


The priests and farmers gathered at the inn of Kamakura in the evening.

Everybody crosses their arm, and they look anxious.

Farmer told in whispered tones.

"There may not be the winning chances with the state of the trial."

"The other party is a samurai family. There will be the supporter of land steward, too. Ten to one, it will be defeat."
Becomes pessimistic against the land steward. Farmers were depressed, but they noticed there were the people who were absorbed in talking in a ring in the corner of the room.
The center of the ring was Nichiren. He grasps the Lotus Sutra with his hand.

Jokenbo and Gijobo and others listen to instruction of Nichiren seriously.

"Must not give up it. Even timidity is not good. Here is the time of the game. The partner is a samurai, but the righteous reason wins by all means. The tyranny of the land steward cannot be good for being permitted. Everybody, it is just a little more patience".

Jokenbo tuned.

“So. That's right. Priest Nichiren is right. It is time when our Seichoji Temple becomes one in body and mind now.”

Gijobo had a sparkle in his eye.

"Priest Nichiren, you spoke well. You are reliable!”

Nichiren grasped the scroll of sutras and stood up.

"We only pray afterward". If this Lotus Sutra has power, the wish should surely come true. It is the time to try the power of daimoku now”.
Enchibo of the elder stood in the way there.
"Nichiren, what a terrible cursing to the land steward! Seichoji Temple is extinction because of you. A devil is possessing you who say Nembutsu is hell. It is sure that the trial loses. Leave here early!”.
Everyone was upset about words of Enchibo, but Nichiren was calming down.
“Dear Enchibo. I have respected you since a boy. However, I just understood clearly. At your deathbed, you will fall into the bottom of the hell of incessant suffering more deeply than the scholar of Nembutsu”.
Nichiren upraised the scroll of sutras of the Lotus Sutra.

“You must quickly reform your dwarfish mind and embrace the marvelous Law of Buddha”.
Enchibo leaves without being able to answer. Several believers followed him.
Nichiren sat in the balcony and has begun to intone to the moon of Heaven.
“Nam-myoho-renge-kyo, Nam-myoho-renge-kyo,…”.
Jokenbo and Gijobo sit down behind him and chant in chorus. And dozens of believers of the Seichoji Temple chanted it hard.


The day of the end has come.

The people of the Seichoji Temple watched the entrance of the court anxiously.

The temple side and Kagenobu side were divided to the left and right at the hall of the trial and sat down.

Everybody is tense. They are talking in whispers.

On the other hand, there was Kagenobu with a satisfactory face.

The judge appeared on the front before long.

The room fell silent, and the clerk declared it.

"Then we state judgment about the possession of the territory of the Seichoji Temple from now".
The judge told it solemnly.
“We accept the law suit of the Seichoji Temple side about this lawsuit. We command the land steward to return the land which he occupied hurriedly.”

The people of the temple grasped a hand each other this moment.There is the person pressing both hands.
Kagenobu was a face dumbfounded in contrast. He said with an absent look.
"Is it not some kind of mistakes not to receive the claim of the land steward?".
The judge was tense and answered.
"This is the judgment of the all members of our court".
Kagenobu stood up.
"What a piece of folly!".
Kagenobu pointed his finger at the judge.
"Still are you samurais? Why do you help the temple which seems being destroyed? What kind of intentions do you have?".
The judge answers calmly.
"Lord Tojo, I may understand your mind. However, here is the place of trial. It becomes the territory confiscation if you tell curses here. You must know your situation well."
Kagenobu does not calm down.
“Stupid! Is it good as that such a thing is permitted? You has disgraced me. When it comes to this, I appeal to Governor or lord Kamakura”.
The judge is not shaken. He serves the Shogunate, but is the executant of fair law at the same time. He told himself that he turned to the ceiling.
"Formulary of Adjudications says. 1. We are not smart, and the thought is light, but we think straight and not think to twist it”.
The clerk swore with the same posture.
"1. We do not work for the profit of a particular person".
The trial government official did the same.
"1. We say that the right thing is right. We say that it is wrong if without a proof for something”.
The judge says more.
"1. We understand it that the person who remains silent about the right and wrong while knowing the detailed progress to hide a malicious conspiracy of a certain person will be criticized by later people. What do you think, Lord Kagenobu?”.
It is right a just argument.
Kagenobu stood like a bolt upright in the hall and left with a reproachfull gaze. His retainers follow and leave.
The judge declared it last.
"We finish the trial".
Seichoji side raised a voice at the same time with the last declaration and gave vent to delight.
People held shoulders each other.


             Continued to (4)


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents



by johsei1129 | 2017-05-18 17:42 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2017年 05月 15日

6 Feud with Tojo Kagenobu (2)

                 Japanese edition


The beginning of court of the Kamakura Shogunate is from the own residence of Yoritomo Minamoto. Yoritomo prepared another entrance hall into the home and attached a sign board of the small "High Court of Law". It is the first court in Japan.

The place of appealing was not established before this. The trial remained a tyranny by the court noble of Kyoto. It was epoch-making that Yoritomo established the place of the trial.

However, it is not getting along.

Yoritomo was enthusiastic to settle anything by himself, but people who have the appeals to count on him increase remarkably and come over from the whole country. Disgusted by the shouts and disputes exchanged within his compound, Yoritomo ordered the locomotion of the high court.

The High Court of Law of Kamakura is a formal building.
 The entrance was crowded with a samurai and the farmers who have the petition.
 There was a hall facing the garden.
 There is the judge in the center, and a clerk of a law-court is on his side. Furthermore, the government official watching progress at behind waits.
 The court case of this times was held by letter at first.
 The defendant and plaintiff have a showdown each other by letter three times.
 Finally, a showdown was carried out in a court.
 Nichiren wrote tyranny of Kagenobu in the letter of the trial and appealed to the High Court of Law. The Court of Law hands this to Kagenobu. Kagenobu makes an explanation book and holds it out to the High Court of Law. The statement meant this. The High Court of Law hands this statement to the Seichoji temple side and lets them refute it. They performed this repetition to three times. It is the three appeals and three explanations.
 The High Court of Law performs only the examination of the letter. They do not check it in oneself even if they may be suspicious. If it is suspected, both the person who appealed and who was accused had to prove it by oneself. There is not the lawyer of the primary occupation like the court case of modern times. The High Court of Law called both sides last and let them make the oral proceedings and concluded a hearing.
 Nichiren was familiar with the law such as Formulary of Adjudications besides study of the Law of Buddha. He used every text and wrote the complaint and refuted the description of the land steward.
 On the other hand, Kagenobu intended going to pass it by force. He ruled over the fields of the Seichoji temple and was going to change the temple into the Nenbutsu sect. Therefore, he demanded support from Shigetoki Hojou of the consignatory (note) in aides of regent Tokiyori Hojou. Shigetoki is the strong believer of Nembutsu as the founder of Gokurakuji temple and was called Lord Gokurakuji. His influence power to the High Court of Law overwhelmed the Seichoji temple side.


Three appeals and three explanations were over, and the day of the showdown came.
 Tojo Kagenobu appeared in the garden of the court. He is arrogant as ever.
 “I was made to wait. The trouble is reflected on my work for the worthless appeal. It is the cursed nuisance”.
 The executive officer put his hands on the floor.

“Well, well! Lord Tojo, you came here specially. It was a tiring for you”.
The clerk told it.
 "Next, each one of the Seichoji temple”.
 Village headman, farmers, Gijobo, and Zhokenbo appeared. Finally, Dozenbo appeared weakly.
 The judge declares a start of the oral argument.
 “We judge from now on about the territory of the Seichoji temple”.
 Jokenbo of the Seichoji Temple appears before.
 “Originally the Seichoji temple is the Tendai sect. This is the historical temple existing before than the times of Lord Yoritomo. Kagenobu of the land steward is occupying it without permission, and it is outrageous to recapture our land. The Law of Buddha is going to become extinct now. We demand that we stop the offence of the land steward promptly”.
 Kagenobu argues.

“This Kagenobu is the person who was entrusted the part of Awa to according to a direction of lord Kamakura. I understand the Seichoji that is a certain formality temple, but there is the problem in managing it.”

People of the Seichoji temple side trembled in anger and stared at Kagenobu.

“They do not obey various kinds of laws, and they seem not to have interest in Nembutsu that most of Japanese believe in. Furthermore, the Buddhist priest who called Nembutsu the hell of the incessant suffering appeared. When it comes to this, as a land steward keeping nearby land, I cannot let them alone. I judged that I should manage them under the samurais for around three years.”

The judge gives the Seichoji temple side an icy look.

“Is there the justification for something by the resident?”

The village headman of the Seichoji glebe appeared.

“We have lived by protection of the Buddhist priests of the Seichoji temple during these several hundred years. We farmers are not able to stand for it if samurai becomes the new master…”

The village headman was startled and covered his mouth with hand.

The judge caviled at his words.

“Not able to stand for it…?”

Kagenobu burst into laughter.

The judge is disgusted.

“I am samurai, too. If it is the temple with many problems, a land steward having high ability for the peace and discipline should manage it. Besides Lord Kagenobu establishes the time limit of three years. The Seichoji temple may be reconciled with each other by the condition of this time limit.”

Jokenbo cried.

“A limited time is the commonplace means of master!”.

Gijobo was going to stand up too, but the village headman stopped him. After all, are they not able to win against someone who doesn't listen to reason?
Kagenobu was convinced of winning the case and he flashed his smile. The superiority is clear.

The Judge nodded to Kagenobu.

“This judgment will be day after tomorrow”.

When the Judge was going to stand up, a voice broke out.

“Wait!”

That voice was of Nichiren.


             Continued to (3)


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents


Note

the consignatory

Post of the Kamakura Shogunate. It is the aide of the regent and is located in the situation of “the vice-regent” substantially. It is the beginning that Yasutoki Hojo appointed Tokifusa Hojou of the uncle in 1224. Because he signed the official document of the Shogunate by a joint signature with the regent, it was called the consignatory. A system to suppress the regent's monopolizing.




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by johsei1129 | 2017-05-15 22:51 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2017年 05月 10日

末法の本仏の立場で法華経二十八品を直弟子、日興上人に口伝した書【御義口伝 上】要点解説(1)

日蓮所言、法華経一部合して二百二十九箇条

南無妙法蓮華経
御義口伝に云く、南無とは梵語なり此には帰命と云う。人法之れ有り、人とは釈尊に帰命し奉るなり、法とは法華経に帰命し奉るなり。

帰と云うは迹門不変真如の理に帰するなり、命とは本門随縁真如の智に命くなり。

 帰命とは南無妙法蓮華経是なり、釈に云く随縁不変・一念寂照と、又帰とは我等が色法なり、命とは我等が心法なり色心不二なるを一極と云うなり。


 釈に云く、一極に帰せしむ故に仏乗と云うと、又云く南無妙法蓮華経の南無とは梵語、妙法蓮華経は漢語なり。
梵漢共時に南無妙法蓮華経と云うなり。

又云く梵語には薩達磨(サ・ダルマ)・芬陀梨伽(フンダリリカ)・蘇多覧(ソタラン)と云う。


此(日本)には妙法蓮華経と云うなり。薩は妙なり、達磨は法なり、芬陀梨伽は蓮華なり、蘇多覧は経なり。

九字は九尊の仏体なり、九界即仏界の表示なり。

妙とは法性(悟り)なり、法とは無明(迷い)なり。無明法性一体なるを妙法と云うなり。

蓮華とは因果の二法なり、是又因果一体なり。経とは一切衆生の言語音声を経と云うなり。


釈に云く、声仏事を為す。之を名けて経と為すと。或は三世(過去世、現世、未来世)常恒なるを経と云うなり。

法界は妙法なり、法界は蓮華なり、法界は経なり。

蓮華とは八葉九尊の仏体なり。能く能く之を思うべし。

伝に云く、
伝云序品七箇の大事 方便品八箇の大事 譬喩品九箇の大事
信解品六箇の大事 薬草喩品五箇の大事 授記品四箇の大事
化城喩品七箇の大事 五百品三箇の大事 人記品二箇の大事
法師品十六箇の大事 宝塔品二十箇の大事 提婆品八箇の大事
 勧持品十三箇の大事 安楽行品五箇の大事 涌出品一箇の大事
寿量品二十七箇の大事 分別功徳品三箇の大事 随喜品二箇の大事
法師功徳品四箇の大事 不軽品三十箇の大事 神力品八箇の大事
嘱累品三箇の大事 薬王品六箇の大事 妙音品三箇の大事
普門品五箇の大事 陀羅尼品六箇の大事 厳王品三箇の大事
普賢品六箇の大事 無量義経六箇の大事 普賢経五箇の大事
已上二百三十一箇条也 此の外に別伝之有り具さに之を記し訖ぬ。
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
要点解説

御義口伝は、日蓮大聖人が晩年、六人の高弟に末法の本仏の立場で妙法蓮華経を講義し、それを唯受一人の後継者・日興上人が筆録し、日蓮大聖人の裁可を受けて記述された口伝書です。

この御義口伝講義の基となったのが、常日頃、日蓮大聖人が「妙法蓮華経」の巻物八巻と法華経開教の「無量義経一巻」、結経の「仏説観普賢菩薩行法経一巻」合わせて十巻の行間・紙背に、天台の三部作(法華文句、法華玄義、摩訶止観)、その他釈尊の一切経、龍樹・天親等の論を書き込みされた【法華経】です。

この
法華経に日蓮大聖人は、累計2107章もの書き込みをしており、その内3章は、唯受一人の第二祖・日興上人が書き込みされておられます。
日蓮大聖人の最も古い書き込みは、清澄寺での立宗宣言の前年、建長四年(1252)に行われており、延暦寺等での修行時代から使用されていた経巻であると推察されます。

尚、
法華経には日蓮大聖人の解釈は記述されていなく御義口伝で、大聖人の義が「御義」として口伝されたことに為ります。
また御義口伝の最後には本抄の意義について次のように口伝されておられます。
六老僧の所望に依って老期たりと雖も、日蓮が本意の一端護義せしめ畢んぬ。是併ら私に最要文を集めて読誦せしむる所なり。然る間法華諸要の文書き付け畢んぬ。この意は或は文を陰して義を取り、或は義を隠して文を取り、或は文義共に顕し、或は文義共に隠し講談するなり。
 委は、註法華経(御義口伝)を拝見すべし。然りと謂も文義甚深の間、愚昧に及ぶべからざるなり。広宣流布の要法、豈此の註法華経に過ぎんや」

この大聖人の口伝を拝すると、「註法華経」が広宣流布の要法とするならば、「末法の本仏大聖人の御義」が説かれておられる「御義口伝」こそ、広宣流布の要法中の要法であると強く推知されます。

末法の本仏の立場で法華経二十八品を直弟子、日興上人に口伝した書【御義口伝 上】要点解説(1)_f0301354_22135940.jpg














[法華経御真筆:静岡県玉沢妙法華寺完存(国重要文化財)]

末法の本仏の立場で法華経二十八品を直弟子、日興上人に口伝した書【御義口伝 上】要点解説(1)_f0301354_22422399.jpg
















[註法華経御真筆(勧持品の行間への書き込み)
]


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by johsei1129 | 2017-05-10 22:34 | 御義口伝 | Trackback | Comments(0)