2017年 11月 11日

9. Appearance of Women Believers 2

Japanese edition

Nichiren preaches woman believers still more.

“All women of nowadays are living in the first 500 years after 2000 years of passing away of Buddha. Shakyamuni Buddha had written down that times. Now is the genuine times of the woman who would attain Buddhahood. For example, there is much ice in winter, the flower is not rare in spring, and there is much grass in the summer, and the much fruit in autumn. The season rotates in this way. The attaining Buddhahood of the woman in nowadays is the same too. It is not a problem whether if it is much arrogant whether it is much folly even if there is much anger even if it has much greed and even if much jealousy. To say nothing of the woman not having these faults.” Writings about the Woman Attaining Buddhahood.’

Women received the marvelous Law by the faiths of the husband and kept it. They entered faiths as the man said, but they felt interest in the teachings that woman would become the Buddha, in the Lotus Sutra. Furthermore, they knew that the Lotus Sutra preached a gender equality surprisingly. This was a shock to them.

The sutras before the Lotus Sutra preached that the woman could not become the Buddha if was reincarnated many times and not became a man. It preaches they cannot become the Buddha as a woman. The sutras are bitter to a woman as if Buddha would have a grudge against a woman.

“She is a messenger of the hell, and women cut off seeds of Buddha well. The outside resembles a Bodhisattva, but the inside is like the demon.” ‘Avatamska Sutra’

“The Bodhisattvas of mercy existing in every world cannot let the extreme accumulated evilness of woman surrender.” ‘The Sutra of the Buddha who Has the Twelve Names.

“The worldly desires of the man of the three thousand worlds gather and become the obstacles of karma of one woman.” ‘Same as above

“The man is caught by the karma of the transmigration of souls for a long time watching a woman once only. Besides he falls into the hell of incessant suffering definitely if he violated her even once.” ‘Commentary on the Great Wisdom Sutra’

The man reading this might think happy not being born as a woman. In addition, there may be a point to recall of in woman criticism of Buddha to woman.

“In the different viewpoint, a woman is called the people of suffering.” ‘Chapter of Devadatta in the Record of the Orally Transmitted Teachings.’ The women were the vulnerable groups in society in those days overwhelmingly so that Nichiren pointed out.

But it was Shakyamuni Buddha either to have broken the pains of this woman.

Buddha did not accept the priest of the woman at first because he thought the woman would disturb the ascetic practices of the Buddhist priest of the man. The priest of the first woman was Mahaaprajaapatii of the foster mother of the royal palace era of Buddha, but she applied for becoming a priest over and over again, but continued being refused from Buddha. Unable to stand by any longer, Anan of the disciple entreated Buddha, and said "Mahaaprajaapatii is the lady who had taken care of you." He begged to accept her as a priest and was finally permitted. Still, in religious precepts (commandments for completeness) which a person of priest should follow, the nun was 348 religious precepts, though a man was 250.

Furthermore, in the Lotus Sutra, Buddha gave disciples a prediction of future becoming the Buddha one after another, but promises to become the Buddha for not only the monk but also the nun.

He gave Mahaaprajaapatii of the aunt a prediction of becoming the Buddha who is watched with joy by all creatures, and gave Yasodhara of the wife of the royal palace era a prediction of becoming the Buddha with the countless light. In addition, the lady of dragon with a body of snake attained Buddhahood in present form without changing the body, this fact surprised arhats of Shariputra and others.

Nichiren preaches about the essential qualities of the woman as follows.

“To become a woman is the existence that obeys a thing and lets a thing obey.” ‘Letter to Brothers’

While woman is bound by every social limitation, the complete freedom is got by faiths. It seems to be restricted and is the position to let a thing obey. If one had this awareness and chant the marvelous Law, one can get circumstances of the freedom. For a woman, this was the same as the blindness was opened by the Lotus Sutra.

It was the course of nature that women of the strong faiths appeared one after another in the sect of Nichiren. Women of the strong faiths were born as nun Myoho, nun Sazhiki, nun Sennich, and Nichigannnyo including Nichimyo so that Nichiren oneself was surprised.

    Continued to Discipline to the Disciples

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents

by johsei1129 | 2017-11-11 12:09 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 11月 03日

9. Women Believers Appear 1

Japanese edition.

Spring calm sunlight comes in in a samurai residence.

Wives and widow nuns had gathered here. There were wife Nichigannyo of Kingo, and Nichimyo who became a great believer later.

Nichiren was active in the enlightenment of the woman believer too.

Originally the Lotus Sutra is the sacred book of the woman to attain Buddhahood. Nichiren emphasized that woman should believe in the only Lotus Sutra that preached the woman to become the Buddha.

“The woman was said to be a person with many sins from ancient times. Woman is said to be the source tearing a country, too.

The Buddhist sutra reveals five obstacles of women and the teachings of non-Buddhism teach the three subordinations. Three subordinations mean that they follow parents when they are child, follow a husband when they come of age, and follow child when they grow old. The three subordinations are without hearing what want to listen without watching what want to watch without saying what to think without going freely following of the three people up to old age from childhood. Because there are three obstacles in this way, women are not free in the world. It was said that they could not attain Buddhahood in the Law of the Buddha either. However, Shakyamuni Buddha preached the becoming the Buddha of women for the first time, in the Lotus Sutra.”

Women had been hearing only Nembutsu sect. That is the teachings which are helped only after dying. They are not interested in such a sermon. But Nichiren was different. Lotus Sutra preaches that the woman becomes the Buddha directly. It was fresh surprise.

“However, all women of Japan do not chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo, and advocate the Amida Buddha's name per one day 60000 times, 100000 times, by the Meditation and Amitayurdhyana sutra which do not reveal becoming the Buddha of woman. Because this is an Amida Buddha's name, it is similar skillfully, but she is a woman counting a fortune of the other person in vain. The reason is because she relies to the sutra of not becoming the Buddha and not being beatified. This cause is because she was tempted by the evil friends. Therefore, it is the enemy of all women of Japan that the person teaches Nembutsu without teaching the Lotus Sutra than an enemy of parents than the harlot than a bandit pirate than a wolfish villain. Though the standpoint of the woman should chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo and be a woman believing a Lotus Sutra, the women of nowadays chant Amida's name frequently during their life, and perform Buddhist service of Nembutsu consistently without chanting the Lotus Sutra and without holding a service, and they let the upholder slightly read the Lotus Sutra, but they treat bonze of Nembutsu like parents brothers, and look down upon the upholder of the sutra than vassal and kindred. All the same, they say that they believe the Lotus Sutra. Reform yourself early and come back to the correct Law.”

Precious writing which reveals women believers opened their mind to Nichiren in those days is left.

It is the About the Menstruation.’ That is the answer of Nichiren to the wife of Hiki Daigaku Saburo having asked how she should do ascetic practice at the time of woman special menstruation coming monthly.

Nichiren preaches it clearly as follows.

“In my own study of the sacred teachings, though I find clear prohibitions on certain days of the month against the impurity of things like meat or wine, the five spicy foods, or sexual acts, for instance, I, Nichiren, have never come across any passage in the sutras or treatises that speaks of avoidances connected with menstruation.

While the Buddha was in the world, many women actively became nuns and devoted themselves to the Buddha's teachings, but they were never shunned on account of their menstrual period. Judging from this, the menstruation is not any kind of impurity coming from an external. It is simply a handicap or a characteristic of the female sex which has a law of nature in the succession of the seed of birth and death. Or in another viewpoint, it might be regarded as a kind of chronically recurring illness. In the case of feces and urine, though these are substances produced by the body, so long as one keeps cleanly habits, these are not disliked. It is surely the same in this case.”

Continued 2nd

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents

by johsei1129 | 2017-11-03 14:58 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 10月 29日

8. Birth of Disciples and Believers who Supported the Life of Nichiren 2

                   Japanese edition

The mind of Kingo was moved by Nichiren's every word.

“Yes, fame and fortune. You're absolutely right.”

Nichiren grasped that facial expression of Kingo included some shade.

“I suppose that you, Kingo, has some cares.”

Kingo was surprised. Can this person read my mind?

“No, I feel my mind is refreshed hearing the teaching. But…”

Nichiren leaned forward to hear what he said.

Kingo faces down.

“In fact, I have a daughter, but she is weak since birth, and is lying down to the bed with an illness for a long time. I have the knowledge of the medicinal herb a little, and I mix and use it too, but she has not been making any noticeable recovery. I prayed to the various gods and Buddha, but do not improve at all.”

“I understood. I will pray for an important child of Kingo to the best of my ability. Nam-myoho-renge-kyo is like the roar of a lion. What sickness therefore can become an obstacle? The person who embrace the title, daimoku, of the Lotus Sutra will be protected by the good deities. But your faiths alone will determine all these things. A sword is useless for the hands of a coward. The sword of the Lotus Sutra must be wielded by person courageous in faiths. Your child's misfortune will change into good fortune. Decide your mind, summon faiths, pray.”

Kingo put his hands on the floor on an impulse.

“I understand clearly what you mean. Shijo KingoYorimoto becomes the believer of the priest Nichiren from now and chants Nam-myoho-renge-kyo!”

A voice broke out with Kingo answering all at once from behind.

“Congratulations entering faiths!”

There are large number of people when he turned around in wonder. In that people, there were Toki Jonin, and feudal lord Yoshitaka Kudo of the Awa country Amatsu prefecture. Furthermore, Ikegami brothers of Munenaka and Munenaga whose father is the commissioner of buildings of the Shogunate. Also, Hiki Daigaku Saburo is the Confucianist of Shogunate officer.

They have been hearing a talk of Nichiren behind Kingo.

Kingo blushed and lowered the head to everyone.

Nichiren was 35 years old, Shijo Kingo was 26, was 9 years younger than Nichiren at this time. Yoshitaka Kudo was 23 years old, Hiki Daigaku Saburo was 55.

Shijo Kingo and Ikegami Munenaka and Hiki Daigaku Saburo were in Kamakura, and Toki Jonin and Yoshitaka Kudo were Shimousa. They had become the followers of influential Nichiren afterward.

They will give their life to spread the marvelous Law of Buddha while encountering many persecutions as the core of the believer.

The propagation of Nichiren continues moreover.

The person who wake up to the Lotus Sutra in the vassal of the Shogunate appeared.

Shijo Kingo and Toki Jonin served the vassal of Shogunate, but the understanding person of the Lotus Sutra appeared in the nerve center of the Shogunate.

Yadoya Mitsunori is the one of them. He became a priest as a layman, and he introduced himself as the lay priest Yadoya, but Yadoya is known as the closest aide to regent Tokiyori Hojo. According to the Mirror of the East, there is the name of Mitsunori Yadoya who was one of seven vassals permitted nursing on the occasion of the end of later Tokiyori.

Nichiren encounters Yadoya, and exchanges of opinions. Yadoya meant well to Nichiren who had the excellent discernment to the Law of Buddha though he was unknown and was not high-ranking priest.

    Continued to Appearance of Women Believers

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents

by johsei1129 | 2017-10-29 22:04 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 10月 28日

8. Birth of Disciples and Believers who Supported the Life of Nichiren 1

                    Japanese edition

The young Buddhist priests who became disciples of Nichiren gradually increased.

Nissho was one of them too.

He became the disciple in November about six months later from when Nichiren declared the establishment of denomination in April 28, 1253. The birth is Shimousa country Kaijo prefecture Note volost. He is older a year than Nichiren. When he was about 15 years old, he become a priest in a temple of Tientai denomination and learned Buddhism of Tientai in Mt. Hiei-zan. Hearing the establishment of Nichiren denomination, he went to Kamakura and he became the disciple and trained himself in the thatched hut of the Matsuba Valley.

Nissho felt an indication of a person at the entrance of the thatched hut on that day and said to Nichiren.

“Priest, we may have a guest.”

Nissho opened the door.

Shijo Kingo stands.

Nichiren stood up smilingly.

“Oh, well! well! The hardy samurai of the other day!”

Kingo stood at the entrance, hat in hand and lowered the head awkwardly.

Nichiren invites him willingly.

Usually arrogant Shijo Kingo dare not show his face unusually.

“I am ashamed of my behavior the other day.”

Nichiren waved a neck.

“It is nothing to me. Than it, I am glad you came to this poor thatched hut.”

Kingo sat up straight.

“I have a question about the sermon of the other day. That was the first talk that I listened. I have not heard it at other temples. Can even a human like me attain Buddhahood like the speech of the priest?”

Nichiren has begun to talk calmly.

“A convulsion of nature, famine, and a pestilence are spreading in this country at present. In the Law of Buddha, the world of these pains is called impure land. It is the dirty world. However, if the minds of all life are impure, their land is also impure, but if their minds are clean, so is their land. The pure land and impure land are not separate. This difference is solely from the virtue or evil of our minds.

It is the same with the Buddha and a common mortal. While strayed, one is called a common mortal, but once attained Buddhahood, one is called the Buddha. For example, even a impure mirror will shine like a jewel when we clean it. Likewise, a mind that is presently clouded by illusions originating from the fundamental darkness of life is like a un-cleaned mirror. Yet, once it is cleaned, it will become a clear mirror of absolute truth. Arouse deep faiths, and diligently polish your mirror day and night. How should you polish it? You should chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo single-mindedly, says that polish this in the latter day of the Law.

You were born in the house of the samurai. Now although there is not a war, you are having the fate to murder other people or not knowing whether you lose your life either. In addition, because you serve a lord you should make an outstanding job, and be diligent to keep your territorial possession. However, it is the prosperity in the dream or the pleasure which is not rare, even if you got many fame and fortune. Single-mindedly chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo and encourage others to do the same. This will remain as the only memory in this present life of yours in this human world."

Continued to 2

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents

by johsei1129 | 2017-10-28 17:35 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 10月 25日

7. Three Disasters and Seven Calamities (Great disaster attacks Japan) 4

                    Japanese edition

On the other hand, Toki Jonin who became a believer of Nichiren was working for the Chiba's mansion of Kamakura. Toki is senior to Nichiren by 6 years. He was a sensible person all the more.

Chiba who was a lord of Toki had domains in the whole country. There were territories in Kinki and Kyushu including Shimousa. Jonin was busy with the handling of the trial, the collection of the land tax, the transportation of supplies, financial management as a bureaucrat of lord Chiba.

Father of Toki is from Inaba (Tottori) originally. There was the original territory in the Toki prefecture of the Inaba country. Because father served the Chiba, Jonin of the child entered Kanto and he worked either.

Parent and child of Toki were able bureaucrats. The war of Zhokyu is already over, stability of the reign is the urgent business. The influential person like Chiba had been seeking a talented government official.

An administrative official displayed desk in the Chiba's house and did a writing. Busyness of the work is the same as a modern company. A horse and a cart went in and out to the plaza busily.

Jonin Toki makes a document on a desk in the office. A co-worker took a look at documents at the side. He read the imperative sentence that just arrived. It is a bitter face

“Oh, from lord Kamakura the command of the construction.”

Everybody looks at each other as like saying "Again!"

“Wait a minute! The family of Chiba is the military governor, but the finance is tight. Is there not the way to refuse somehow? Where is it to make?”

“Kyoto, Lotus Flower King Temple.”

“It is a so money-consuming matter.”

Jonin considers.

“At first we must raise money for the visit to the Kyoto of our lord. It is roughly estimated at 200 kan.”

A co-worker lamented.

“Neither Shimousa nor Kamakura has such a money!”

Everybody crossed an arm.

Jonin said.

“Why don't you procure from a land tax of Kyushu?”

A co-worker clapped his hands.

“You're right. The money borrows from a merchant and will let him collect it for the liquidation in Kyushu.”

The rural financial difficulty is not the thing which began from now. The people of the Middle Ages has been in trouble, too. They freely have used the forwarding agent, and merchant who was called Bashaku, and digested instructions of the Shogunate. If the crop of the land tax is a distant place, Bashaku collects it. It was a kind of the money order.

The co-worker complained.

“However, it is costly, isn't it? Our lord just acted as a military guard of Kyoto. We are used one after another. Lord of Kamakura works his men too hard.”

Jonin chided him.

“What? You shouldn't speak like that. Lord of Kamakura is contributing to the peace and security of our lord. We must take measures by every means for our master.”

Co-workers all laughed.

"What you say is all very well. We will certainly comply with your request. We are no match for Mr. Toki who is a strong sect believer of the Lotus Sutra.”

The faith to the Lotus sutra of Toki is famous. They resumed their job with a bitter smile.

When they sort out a document, they have been throwing away papers which they had finished using. Jonin picked up that paper and gathered it.

The co-worker looked at him with a dubious look. What does he use the used document for?

The sunset shined in the thatched hut of the Matsuba Valley.

Nichiren takes the writing brush. He writes to used documents which was given from Jonin. The surface has been written in, but the back side is still usable. These papers had been used by the government official of the Chiba including Jonin.

Paper was precious in those days. It was valuable so as to recycle and reuse paper.

Jonin sent used papers, and Nichiren and disciples copied the Buddhist sutras or Tientai's writing into the back side of this poor-quality paper and studied.
By the way, thanks to this, the document of the Chiba clan written to the surface has come until the present day, it becomes precious documents written on the reverse sides which are able to know the Kamakura era.

Continued to Birth of Disciples and Believers who Supported the Life of Nichiren

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents

by johsei1129 | 2017-10-25 22:19 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 10月 22日

7. Three Disasters and Seven Calamities (Great disaster attacks Japan) 3

                      Japanese edition

The sun is setting in the west.

Shijo Kingo, the samurai who rode a horse went ahead through the town of Kamakura leisurely.

A vassal takes the mouth of the horse.

Kingo passed through the gate of the his residence and called it aloud.

“I just returned.”

Nichigannyo of the wife appeared.

“Welcome home.”

“How is the child?”

Two people go to the back room.

The baby is sleeping at the futon when they open the door of the room.

Kingo looked at the sleeping face of the child. Always stern Kingo showed the expression that was full of affection.

Nichigannyo of the wife told him to mutter.

“Condition has gotten a little bit better...”

“We should observe the situation a little more maybe. Sometimes this baby gets a little better but then she has a relapse, does not she?”.

 “Sorry. I have lots of flaws.”

“It is not your fault. A bad illness is going about now. Only this is helpless even if we prevent it no matter how much.”

The small bottles formed by soil are displayed in the room of Kingo.

Kingo was good at a medicinal herb. He was the pharmacist or doctor in the present day. He has the achievement that cured the illness of his master.

He mixed medicine by a spoon and placed it in a dish. And he handed drug to Nichigannnyo.

“On the morning of tomorrow, to daughter.”

Nichigannyo nodded.


Shijo Kingo is the Shogunate vassal serving Mitsutoki Hojo (also Mitsutoki Nago'e). Father of Mitsutoki was younger brother Tomotoki of a wise ruler Hojo Yasutoki. Not a direct descendant of Hojo. Yet people respected them only introducing themselves as Hojo.

The name was known as a vassal of Mitsutoki whose Shijo Kingo continued two generations in Kamakura. But in particular he was famous that his character was extremely obstinate and was short-tempered. 

There is a big hearth in the center of the living room.

A maid began preparations for dinner.

Kingo had a meal.

Nichgannyo flatters him beside.

“How was today for you?”

“Nothing. It's a monotonous job. Though lord Mitsutoki is despite a branch family of Hojo, he is still in good health too. Will be peace for the moment.”

“For the moment?”

“I do not know what occurs after regent Tokiyori was retired. Power is concentrated in the head family now. I can't imagine how we, the vassal of branch families, will be from now on.”

“It cannot possibly be war?”

“I regard myself as a samurai, if not much of one. Must prepare when that time comes.”

Nichigannnyo felt downcast, but she pulled herself together and poured liquor into the cup of Kingo.

“There now, don't worry.”

Nichigannnyo stared at Kingo smilingly.

“Please talk the tale of that Buddhist priest again.”

Kingo gave a dirty look frankly.

“I do not want to say it.”

Nichigannnyo continue talking anyhow.

“You were so angry about the priest that day.”

“The priest called Nichiren did not shrink at my violent language either. He may be the Buddhist priest having backbone.”

“He is the person who made you as a priest totally when I hear your story, isn't he?”

Kingo remembered.

Nichiren's words oddly stuck with him.

‘A man abandons life for shame, the woman abandons life for a man.'

Continued to 4

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents

by johsei1129 | 2017-10-22 19:57 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 10月 14日

7. Three Disasters and Seven Calamities (Great disaster attacks Japan) 2

                        Japanese edition

The Hachiman Shrine is seen in the other side of the Wakamiya thoroughfare.

A meeting began in government office which controlled state affairs and financial affairs of the Kamakura Shogunate.

There are Tokiyori Hojo, brothers of Tokisuke and Tokimune, Shigetoki Hojo of the uncle of Tokiyori, and Yasumori Adachi were present. There was a Yin Yang fortune-teller in a farther seat.

Tokiyori was irritated and loitered around.

"This country is fascinated. The ominous occurrences in heavens, an earthquake, famine, a contagious disease. What does this mean? Was abandoned by God and Buddha?

While Shigetoki Hojo watched the document which arrived from the shogunal vassals of each place, he muttered.

“10,000 starvers in Kanto. Person 20,000 who fell by a pestilence. Furthermore, two sun appeared, and it seems that a black-and-white rainbow came out.”

The anger of Tokiyori does not have an outlet.

"Nothing could be worse than this. This is the greatest crisis since we, Hojo, ruled the world. Even if the revolt of the rebel happens in the district, it is not to be wondered at.”

Sigetoki answered indignantly.

“Would be the present conditions that is only to pray.”

“Then, how are the prayer of the Buddhist temple and Shinto shrine in Kyoto and Kamakura?”

“Already gave the order to forbid killing a creature on the equinoctial week of six purification days and two seasons in this January (note) and gave the Buddhist temple and Shinto shrine of the countries an order for a prayer of the epidemic extermination in June.”

“So why be of no effect? Does it not rather amplify a misfortune? The Yin Yang fortune-teller, what happens?”

The Yin Yang fortune-teller looks in divination panel (note), and answers.

“I beg a thousand pardons. I can only say a devil enters this country now and ogres grow powerful.”

Tokiyori who heard this swore.

“If a Yin Yang fortune-teller does not have the measures either, I only decide it. Open the storehouse of rice, give beggars it. Gather a medicinal herb of each place. Use merchants. Let all Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines of the whole country continue a prayer.”

Audience flocked to Rengeji of Kamakura. It is a large temple of the Nenbutsu sect of Buddhism.

The people said they could not but cling to Nembutsu for getting over the world of sufferings, and visited to there.

In audience, there is Nichiren who wear a canonical robe and a shoulder robe of the thin Indian ink.

Priest of the black robe, Nen'a began sermon before long.

Nen'a calls the official name Ryochu Nen'a. He was born in Iwami Province (present Shimane Prefecture). He become a priest at 16 years old. He learned an Abhidharma-kosa and Tientai following Enshin and Shinren and trained himself in esoteric Buddhism following Mitsuzo and Gencho. He went to Chikugo to hear Buddhism of Ben'a Shoko and become the disciple afterwards. He open Rengeji (subsequent Komyo-ji Temple) in Kamakura and grant religious precept by a request of Tsunetoki Hojou in 1240. He is a Nembutsu priest to represent Kamakura.

Nen'a begins to talk calmly.

“The world is filled with sufferings. We cannot but chant it with Nam-Amidabutsu to escape from these sufferings. Abandon other teachings. Teachings which match us, mediocre people, are only Nam-Amidabutsu. An ideal in other teachings is too high. We understand neither the Lotus Sutra nor the Avatamska Sutra. If we threw away these and chanted only Nam-Amidabutsu, we could be beatified.”

Nichiren spoke here.

Splendid. Really splendid."

Nen'a smiled and nodded. Nichiren caught the smile.

“It is bold that attaining Buddhahood are no other than Nam-Amidabutsu, and abandon the sutra such as the Lotus Sutra, is not it? Where and who preached that teachings?”

“Young priest, it was a good question. It is Amitabha sutra.”

Nichiren crossed his arm and interested.

“It’s mysterious. Amitabha sutra is called temporary Mahayana sutra among the sermon of Buddha and is around one step of low teachings than true Mahayana sutra such as the Lotus Sutra or the Nirvana Sutra. Do you not despise initiator Buddha of the Buddhism by throwing all other sutra away and saying that attaining Buddhahood cannot but chant with Nam-Amidabutsu, from that reason? In the first place, is the Amitabha sutra preaching us to throw all other sutras away?”

Nen'a got angry for an instant.

“No, it is wrong. Holy priest Honen is said. We only obey it.”

“It is a pity. Though priest Honen studied it with much effort in the Enryakuji Temple, he deeply attached to low teachings and has distorted Law of Buddha of Shakyamuni. It is the crime to equal to the hell of the incessant sufferings. A person who says it, he is the bad person who ropes people in Hell.”

Nen'a has begun to be excited.

“Who is thou? Speak!"

Nichiren said towards audience.

“Everybody, I am the Buddhist priest called Nichiren living in the Matsuba Valley. Come to me anytime if you want to hear the present tale in detail.”

Disciples of Nen'a expel Nichiren from the temple in a angry voice resounded through the hall.

Nichiren left magnificently.

While Nichiren spread the Lotus Sutra, he went to the temple of other denominations and fought in the doctrine of Buddhism hard.

It was worth, a large number of audience came to gradually flock to the thatched hut of Nichiren of the Matsuba valley.

Nichiren talks to the people who visited the thatched hut powerfully.

“Lord of teachings, Shakyamuni Buddha, said that he did not yet express the truth, preached the Lotus Sutra after 40 years of starting sermon. Therefore, Amitabha Sutra which was preached before the Lotus Sutra is the teachings of the means not to include the best Buddhahood preached in the Lotus Sutra. Lotus Sutra is the King of all the Buddhist sutras said to be 80,000 sutras, is ultimate teachings of Buddha. That is why it cannot come true that all people of the latter day of the Law attain Buddhahood if they do not chant Myoho-renge-kyo which is title of the Lotus Sutra.

The priest Honen says, ‘abandon, close, leave and cast aside the Lotus Sutra and chant Nembutsu.’ That is why it is determined certainly to fall into the hell of the incessant sufferings if people chant Nam-Amidabutsu of priest Honen slandering the Buddha's best teachings.”

Priests of Nembutsu cannot beat Nichiren.

Because Nichiren attacked the wicked doctrine of Nembutsu in a text of a sutra first of all, the person of Nembutsu was not able to resist him.

There were many people who criticized Nembutsu of Honen from old days. The imperial order was promulgated, too. Mt. Hiei ever oppressed Nembutsu, too, but the teachings of Honen spread without stopping naturally. Nichiren has begun to stop it.

Nichiren talks about the reason as follows.

“Thus, when I was thirty-two, from around the spring of the fifth year of the Kenchō era[1253], I began criticizing the Nembutsu and Zen sects, and later I attacked the Shingon sect as well."

“At first the Nembutsu followers despise me, saying, ‘However clever Nichiren may be, he can hardly surpass the priest Myo'en, or the priest Ko'in of the administrator, or the chief priest Kenshin. These people at first attacked the priest Honen, but later they all capitulated and became his disciples or followers of his teachings, and Nichiren no doubt will do likewise.’ They sought to disprove my words one after another."

 "When persons in past times criticized Honen's teachings, they did not at the same time criticize those of his predecessors Shantao and Taocho, nor did they try to distinguish between provisional sutras and those that are true, as a result the Nembutsu believers only became more self-confident than ever.But now I, Nichiren, have Shantao and Honen fallen into the hell of incessant suffering, and have driven home my criticisms by comparing the three Pure Land sutras with the Lotus Sutra. It is like comparing the sun and moon with a firefly, or comparing the water of a small stream with the great ocean.
Moreover, I have demonstrated that the Nembutsu is a mere childish doctrine that the Buddha expounded as an expedient for a time only. To desire such a doctrine to leave from the sufferings of birth and death is like building a ship of stone and hoping to cross the vast sea with it, or like loading a mountain on one's back and attempting to go over a steep slope. When I criticize them in this way, none of the Nembutsu believers has been able to refute me.”

              ‘On refuting Ryōkan and Others’

 Myo'en, Ko'in, Kenshin are each the Buddhist priests who submitted to Nembutsu. Above all, Kenshin was attracted by Nembutsu while being the head priest of the Tendai Sect and changed a religion.
 People of Nembutsu thought that Nichiren either was same and cannot win even if he blames Honen of the teacher.
 But the technique of Nichiren is different.

He assumed the Lotus Sutra highest sutra and concluded three sutras of Pure Land that people of Nembutsu clung to to be a fictitious theory.In addition, he declared that priests including Chinese Shantao who was a teacher of Honen were in the hell of incessant sufferings.
 He attacked the Buddhist priest of denominations after having grasped Buddha's all sutras, main theories, and explanatory notes of both India and China. Nichiren continued studying internal and external writings even after it again until he became a priest at the age of 16 and established the sect with 32. As a matter of course, he read the writings of Shantao. The result of the study of this Nichiren will be gradually clarified in writing (Gosho in Japanese) more than 500 that he left throughout the life including 'On Establishing the Correct Teachings for the Peace of the Land'

Continued to 3

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents


Six purification days in a month  The two seasons equinoctial week

Words relating to Buddhism. Six purification days mean 8, 14, 15, 23, 29, 30th every month. It had been considered to be a day to spend with the observance of the commandments cleanliness both on six purification days of a month and on the equinoctial week two seasons.

divination panel

Rikujin-choku-ban in Japanese. A tool of the fortune-teller that a Yin Yan fortune-teller used. The disk which the Big Dipper or traditional Japanese music were written down is put on the square board which words and figures were written down. It is thought that this disk meant the heavens, that the square meant the ground. The Yin Yang fortune-teller of the Kamakura era foretold future by turning of this Rikujin-choku disk constantly.


by johsei1129 | 2017-10-14 22:56 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 10月 08日

7. Three Disasters and Seven Calamities (Great disaster attacks Japan) 1

              Japanese edition

Nichiren walks the sunken road.

He took the road which went around Tokyo Bay, passed through Musashi from Kamakura and went to Shimousa.

However contrary to enthusiasm of Nichiren, the wild landscape spread out before him.

Fields are becoming waste.

When looking around, the horse which lost weight is toppling down at the roadside. It was going to starve to death at any moment.

Nichiren bends his brow.

He heard the voice of crying woman carried on wind from somewhere. The plaintive tone seemed to grieve and seemed to bear a grudge. The sound is no trivial matter.

He turn around to the voice, it is moldering house of the farmer alone, is approximately a hundred yard from his place.

Nichiren visited this house as invited.

Opened the door of the entrance a woman who seem mother burst into tears when he looked into the inside.

Nichiren ran up to her.

“What is the matter with you?”.
The woman put hands together seeing a canonical robe of Nichiren. She has been wasting away as if has not eat for days.
"A Buddhist priest, a child just died!".
“I pity you! What name is this child?”.
“This child has not yet name”.
Nichiren kneeled near a child and joined his hands and chanted "Nam-myoho- renge-kyo" several times and mourned for the death of the child.
He asked a woman.
“Where is father?”.
“He abandoned me and left. A thing to eat by this famine ran out and he said he could not live here anymore. I stayed without leaving a child”.
“That's terrible”.
“Besides, a pestilence spread, and the person of the village left, and anyone disappeared”.
Nichiren holds out a rice ball from a basket.

“Good, you eat this and cheer up and should chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo so that this child is born in the country of Buddha in the future life.”

Mother put a rice ball on the mouth of the child while sobbing and continued chanting Nam-myoho-renge-kyo until a figure of Nichiren was out of sight.

Nichiren goes the darker brutal empty bottom.

Smelled strange before long when he continued walking. It was the bad smell he had not yet experienced.

People sat down in the suburbs of the village and seemed roasting a creature. Women and children and an old person cried around there.

When he approached and looked at the incineration place, there were the many human bodies.

“What happened?”.
The answer of the old man who crouched down is feeble.
“Is pestilence. A pestilence is raging around here. This is an order of military governor that bakes the dead person immediately. we cannot finish counting them...”.
An old man pointed him to the hut of outskirts.
Nichiren was amazed to see human skeletons being full in a hut.
He edged back and went down on knees.
“How terrible!”.
A farmer muttered.
“We do not get the crops, and a pestilence spreads. This village is exterminated”.
The earth shook lengthwise at this time. And strong shaking in the transverse direction happened. Is a quite big earthquake. The mountains of incineration matter collapsed, and sparks scattered.
Women and children clung to Nichiren.
Villagers exclaim and escape, and were at a loss.
Nichiren stood firm so that he would not lose against shaking.

The situation did not change even when he returned to Kamakura. Innumerable beggars held a knee on both sides of the sunken road and lined up endlessly. Everybody is dead tired and does not move.
A voice to ask for a alms sounds.
“Show mercy upon me. Give grace to us”.
Nichiren looked around with a hard eye. He was trying to help them, but he could do nothing.
It is said that two sun appeared in the countryside.
The farmer points to the sun in the fields which dried out and grieves.
The shaman put hands together towards the sun.

The spirit of overthrowing the upper class that a samurai gained power was characterized in the Kamakura era, but was the times when great disaster was frequent at the same time.

For example, from 1253 when Nichiren presented 'On Establishing the Correct Teachings for the Peace of the Land', to next year 1254, disasters occur in succession.

A major earthquake in Kamakura on June 10, 1253; a big fire in Kamakura on January 10, 1254; a document of government office of the Shogunate was lost by a gale on May 9, same year; a major earthquake in Kyoto on May 11 same year; a gale and rain in Kamakura on July 1 same year.

Nichiren writes down these disasters in the plural writings repeatedly.

“A traveler arrived and lamented to the host: In recent years there have been ominous occurrences in the heavens, and natural disasters on earth. Famine and pestilence rage in all lands beneath the skies and in every corner of the realm. Dead cattle and horses are everywhere, and human skeletons clutter the streets. Over half the population has already been carried off by death, and there is hardly a single person who does not grieve…They merely exhaust themselves in vain. Famine and pestilence rage more fiercely than ever, beggars are everywhere in sight, and dead people fill our eyes.” On Establishing the Correct Teachings for the Peace of the Land’

“Now we receive reports that this land is beset by various kinds of disasters and see it in fact. From the eighth month of the eighth year of Kencho [1256] until the second month of the second year of Shogen [1260], various disasters such as major earthquakes, strong winds that blow out of season, widespread famines,and great outbreaks of pestilence occurred one after another and continue even today, until it almost seems as though the entire population of the nation will be vanished. Many people have offered prayers in an attempt to alleviate these various calamities, but they appear to have had no result.” On Dealing with Disaster

“At the present time, numerous prayers are offered for the peace and safety of the nation. And yet in the first year of the Shoka era [1257] there was a severe earthquake, and in the second year of the same era, torrential rains and violent winds occurred and the rice plants failed to ripen. I would consider that there are evil teachings that is bringing about the destruction of the nation in this country.”On the Protection of the Nation’

It says the corpse becomes the watchtower, and that it becomes the bridge. This miserable state is not an exaggeration.

Chomei Kamono records a state of the famine of Kyoto in "The Ten-Foot-Square Hut" before 40 years Nichiren is born.

“Time become a long time and do not remember whether it was the time of the Yowa era [1181], but the world had become the famine and, during two years, became terrible surprisingly.

There was a drought in spring and summer, and a gale and flood in autumn. Such misfortunes were continued, the cereals do not all grow. Therefore, there is work only to plow in spring, and to implant in summer, and there is not gaiety to mow rice in autumn, and to harvest in winter. Therefore, a person throws away land, and the people of the countries leave the border and roam, and a person lives in the mountain regardless of his house. Various prayers begin, and mystic rites are performed, but totally have no effect. The people cannot save appearances to rely on everything in the custom of the capital in the country because nothing has been carried. They change various property for food without being able to endure it, but nobody tries to see it. The person changing it by chance underestimates value of the money and respects the value of cereals. The beggars increased on the street, and it was full of the voice of the person who grieved.” from ‘the Famine ofYowa era 1 in the Ten-Foot-Square Hut’

 Chomei describes the state of the major earthquake endlessly after this. A natural disaster let people despair.

The opportunity of the reason why Nichiren gave to Tokiyori Hojo (Saimyoji Nyudo) 'On Establishing the Correct Teachings for the Peace of the Land' it was a major earthquake generated in Shoka era.

 The Imperial Court and the Shogunate did not have no measures for this disaster. A prayer and mystic rites were performed actively, but there is not the results.

They modified the name of an era, but it was without effect.

When the Emperor passes away, modern Japan changes the name of an era. But, as for this time, it was different.

For a natural disaster, a pestilence, a bad crop, it was changed many times. The statesman too was trying to steal out of a misfortune desperately.

By the way, Nichiren is born in the Jo'o era [1222] first year and passed away at 61 years old, but the name of an era is changed 22 times during this period.

It is Gen'nin, Karoku, Antei, Kangi, Jo'ei,Tenpuku, Bunryaku,Katei, Ryakunin, En'no,Ninji, Kangen,Hoji, Kencho, Kogen, Shoka, Shogen, Bun'no, Kocho, Bu'nei, Kenji, Ko'an. Can't remember.

All these name of an era is changed in only 61 years.

The Bun'ei era continued for the longest time in these 22 eras, but was changed only in 11 years.

In addition, the name of an era that continued for the longest time in Japanese history is Showa which continued for 63 years.

For a name of an era, the desire of the statesman to want the world calm is indicated somehow or other.

The people were feeling the strictness of the word of 'the latter day of the Law' strongly in this way.

Continued to Three Disasters and Seven Calamities (Great disaster attacks Japan 2

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents

by johsei1129 | 2017-10-08 19:29 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 10月 01日

6. Feud with Tojo Kagenobu (4)

                    Japanese ver.

A voice of the joy sounded outside the court.
 Women of Seichoji temple side burst into tears under the sun, and they shouted, "Thanks to holy priest Nichiren!".
 Nichiren carried baggage on his back and he wore a hat and got ready for the trip in this lively scene.
 Jokenbo worried.
 "Are you going to go?".
 Nichiren nods. He intends to ask Jonin Toki of Shimousa from now on. There are many samurais of the relationship of Toki in Shimousa. Nichiren intended to make a line of the propagation together with Toki. Since he won a trial, he must come back to his mission.
 Gijobo grasped a hand of Nichiren tightly.
 "You rescued the Seichoji temple. O'ama will be surely pleased very much, too. Have a nice trip”.
 The farmer of the Seichoji believer held out the contained basket of the rice ball.
 "Please have this. We did not get the crops by famine this year. It will become difficult to eat rice”.
 “Thank you very much for your advice”.
 Nichiren lowered the head to the farmer deeply.
 Kagenobu of the land steward passed on a horse slowly there and stopped in front of Nichiren.
 Kagenobu become a face for anger red-hot, and a musculus appeared to his brow.

Everybody fell silent.
 Kagenobu looks down from a horse.
 "Nichiren, I will overlook you for now. But you were an enemy of Nembutsu and were selected as the enemy of the land steward. I do not keep you alive when you come back to Awa. Prepare”.
 Kagenobu has a face twitching and leaves. His retainers glared at Nichiren too in looking askance and they left.

The trial was settled once in this way, but Seichoji temple and the fight of the land steward continued after this. However, all terminate in the victory of Seichoji temple.
 The person who have supported Seichoji was Nichiren.
 He supports the people of the Seichoji as a defense lawyer or an accuser, besides propagation. Nichiren was a master of the law either while learning Law of Buddha.
 He vowed that he would abandon the Lotus Sutra if defeated in a trial really, and made an effort continually.

“I will explain why. The villainous Tojo Saemon Kagenobu once hunted the deer and other animals kept by Seichoji, and tried to force the priests in the various lodging temples to become Nembutsu believers.
At that time, I was pitted myself against Tojo and supported the lord of the manor. I made a written oath 'If the two temples of Seicho and Futama should come into Tojo's possession, I will discard the Lotus Sutra!'. Then I tied it to the hand of the object of devotion, and prayed continuously. Within a year, both temples had been freed from Tojo's grasp”.
Letter to the Populace of Seichoji’

When Nichiren entered to the seichoji temple, it is said he prayed to the Akasa-garbha-bodhisattva. "Please make me to the wisest person in Japan".
“I received great wisdom from a live Akasa-garbha-bodhisattva. The Bodhisattva felt pity for me perhaps. He gave the great jewel as brilliant as the morning star, into my right-hand sleeve. Thereafter, while I learn the all Buddhist scriptures, I could grasp superiority and inferiority of eight denominations and the all Buddhist sutras”.
'Letter to the Populace of Seichoji’

Also, he wrote "Nichiren tied it to the hand of the object of devotion and prayed continuously". Nichiren showed horrible passion for repaying a gratitude to hometown Seichoji temple and people who had a chance to become a priest.
On the other hand, Kagenobu of the land steward wanted to win a trial , moving even an influential person of Hojo, but he cannot achieve. Therefore, Kagenobu abominate Nichiren from the bottom of his heart and will cause the persecution of Komatsubara of the Bun'ei first year (1264) at last. Nichiren was not able to go back to his hometown without resolution in this way.

Continued to Three Disasters and Seven Calamities (Great disaster attacks Japan) 1

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents

by johsei1129 | 2017-10-01 13:18 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 09月 27日

106 Last Religious Precepts of Nikko (1)

                        Japanese edition

Mount Fuji watching from Fujinomiya city

Nikko leaves a will one month before death.

 It is the religious precepts to future disciples. There are 26 articles in all. Anything of this 26 articles are full with adoration to Nichiren who was the former teacher. All these addressed it to followers of future Nichiren.

There's the essence of the Nichiren Buddhism here. Nikko faithfully and constantly served in Izu exile and Sado island, and strove for propagation in Kai country when Nichiren set up the thatched hut in Mount Minobu. It was the life that obeyed the form of the shadow of Nichiren. That's why Nikko was able to leave these.

It is said that Buddha had ten great disciples. Shariputra who was said to be no. 1 in wisdom, and became the partner of the question and answer of the Expedient Means chapter in the second of the Lotus Sutra. Ananda of the no.1 in the voice-hearers who has faithfully and constantly served Buddha since 27 years old, and read sermon of Buddha as "This is what I heard" aloud at the Buddhist sutra concentration after passing away of Buddha. Furuna of the sermon no.1 who was praised as there was not the person to surpass in sermon except Buddha.

In a sense, it seems that Nikko had the nature of all the ten great disciples of Buddha.

The disciples and believers of after ages respects this will even now as like a mirror. These are the golden rules of the ten thousand years of the latter day of the Law, and a door of the future Kosen-rufu is opened by the disciples and believers maintaining these precepts.

Then I write down the whole sentence next.

 “If I think, the sun of the propagating in the latter days of the Law lights up the darkness of the atrocious slander, and the marvelous wind of the eternal life span blows off the provisional and temporary teachings that Buddha had attained enlightenment in Buddha Gaya (note). Oh, it compares, for example, it with a petal of the fig and the hole of the tree of a floating sandalwood that it is rare to encounter the Law of Buddha, and it is thought that I still lack it. Fortunately, we were able to encounter this sacred sutra here by destiny being thick deeply. Therefore, the reasons why I write a precept for the future disciples is for receiving the wise saying of Kosen-rufu.

1. The doctrine of Fuji should not be different in the least from the propagation which the former teacher performed.

2. The doctrine of five people all differ from the propagation of the former teacher.

3. There is a person considering each writings of Daishonin to be forgery and they will destroy and criticize our sect. You must not get close to him familiarly if such an evil priest appeared.

4. There will be a person who make forgery, and call it a writing of Daishonin, and there will be a person training himself putting the same value on the essence and the provisional. You should understand that he is a traitor within the walls.

5. You must not spend time for a play and an idle talk, not take to a non-Buddhist writing and an art without criticizing against slandering Law of Buddha.

6. You must forbid Shinto shrine worship and visit of the believers. Why they visit the Buddhist temple and Shinto shrine of the evil spirit intrusion, disobeying Buddha's teachings for a glance with a low talent? It is never enough to be chagrined. This is not doctrine of me totally but depends on text of a sutra or writing of Daishonin and so on.

7. You allow not engaging in the trivial routine duties of the teacher about the disciple having the talent, and must let him learn various teachings including a writing of Daishonin.

8. The populace who is inexperienced in study and who wants a fame and fortune does not deserve to be my disciple.

9. Shaking off the affection from parents and teacher while the believers of my after ages do not understand Lotus Sutra and pre-Lotus Sutra, for leaving this world of the sufferings and attaining enlightenment, they must visit this temple and study.

10. You must not do study of Tientai school without grasp of the doctrine.

11. In our denomination, you dye sublime writing of Daishonin into your soul and convey the supreme theory from a teacher, and should hear Tientai if there is spare time.

12. Enjoy the discussion and lectures and not mix up the other things.

13. While Kosen-ruhu does not yet be achieved, you should propagate the Law until the full extent of your ability, without begrudging life.

14. In the case of the priest like "One's body is insignificant, the Law is heavy", even if he was the Buddhist priest of the ignobleness, you must respect him by the reason of "Showing him the same respect you would do Buddha."

15. Even if he is a lowly person, in the case of a Buddhist priest of propagating the Law, you should think him to be an old priest with virtue.

16. Even if he was the person of the ignobleness, you should respect him who is superior in wisdom than you and treat him as a teacher.

17. If he differed from Law of Buddha and established a willful doctrine even if he was chief priest of that time, you must not adopt this.

18. If Law of Buddha has a difference even if it was a resolve of large number of people, the chief priest must defeat this.

19. Must not make the color of the canonical robe black with a sumi.

20. You must not wear a robe which seamed top and bottom(note).

21. Must not be at the seat same as the slandering Law. Fear complicity.

22. Must not receive offering from a person slandering Law.

23. I permit this for the Law protection of Buddha about the swords and sticks. But you will not have to hold it at the time of going out. In the case of the populace, should permit this perhaps.

24. Even if it is a young bonze, you must not seat him below the followers of the high rank.

25. My behavior must be like a holy Buddhist monk like the former teacher. But, in the case of a chief priest or a person of learning, you must put them as a believer even if they associated with a woman by mistake.

26. Admire a votary of "being skillful in the answer to difficult question" as like the former teacher did.

The precept that I wrote up is an outline like this. I put 26 items for the protection of ten thousand years. A disciple of learning this of after ages should not have doubt purposely. If there is a person even violating one of these, he is not a disciple of Nikko. I leave the items that I determined in this way.

On 13th day of the 1th month of the 3rd year of the Genko era (1333).

Nikko signature)"   

      'The Last Religious Precepts of Nikko’

Continued to (2)

Third volume table of contents


Buddha had attained enlightenment in Buddha Gaya.

It means Shakyamuni attained Buddhahood under the linden tree close on the Gaya Castle for the first time. Word for the eternal life span. Gaya is called Buddha Gaya particularly and is the place where Shakyamuni accomplished Buddhahood.

The hollow of the tree floating.

Parable that it is rare that a person encounters Law of Buddha so that a tortoise of one eye looks for the hollow of the floating wood of sandal wood in vast ocean.

“The orally transmitted teachings say, hollow has two kinds of a small hollow and a big hollow. The small hollow is the teachings of 40 several years and the big hollow is the title, daimoku, of the Lotus Sutra. Now when Nichiren and his followers chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo, they enter a large hollow of a floating holy tree. The one-eyed turtle stands for all living beings, and the floating tree of sandalwood is the Lotus Sutra. The Lotus Sutra has a floating holy tree having the large hollow, in the vast sea of the sufferings of birth and death”. Chapter Twenty-seven: King of Wonderful Adornment.

a robe which seamed top and bottom.

Jikitotsu in Japanese. The robe which bind a jacket and an under robe directly. A kind of the priest's robe. The robe which let it bind a jacket and an under robe directly. The jikitotsu is used in various sects. It is the canonical robe which have a fold towards below from a waist and is called "a Koromo" generally. Nichiren Shoshu forbids the wearing of the jikitotsu and they assume only coarse silk of the light gray clothes and wear it. See ‘About the Clothes of Three Kinds in Our Sect’

by johsei1129 | 2017-09-27 22:54 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)