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2019年 09月 22日 ( 5 )


2019年 09月 22日

Gosho 聖人御難事 On Persecution Befalling the Saint

彼のあつわら(熱原)の愚癡の者ども、()はげ()ましてをどす事なかれ。

Urge on, but do not frighten, the ones from Atsuhara who are ignorant of Buddhism.

About the ones in Atsuhara who are ignorant, say and encourage, do not threaten.

彼等にはただ一えん()におもい切れ、()からんは不思議わる()からんは一定とをもへ。

Tell them to be prepared for the worst, and not to expect good times, but take the bad times for granted.

Tell them to decide themselves, and think good things mysterious, and receive the bad matters for granted.

ひだるし(空腹)とをもわば餓鬼道ををしへよ。さむしといわば八かん()地獄ををしへよ。

If they complain of hunger, tell them about the sufferings of the world of hungry spirits. If they grumble that they are cold, tell them of the eight cold hells.

If they complain of hunger, tell them about the sufferings of the hungry world. If they grumble that they are cold, tell them of the eight cold hells.

をそろししといわばたか()にあへるきじ()ねこ()にあえるね()みを他人とをもう事なかれ。

If they say they are frightened, explain to them that a pheasant sighted by a hawk, or a mouse stalked by a cat, is as desperate as they are.

If they say they are frightened, explain to them that a pheasant which is aimed by a hawk, or a mouse stalked by a cat, is not other people's affairs.

()れはこまごまとかき候事はかく()()し、月月・日日に申して候へどもなご()()の尼、せう(少輔)房、()()房、三位房(さんみぼう)なんどのやうに候。をくびやう(臆病)物をぼへず、よくふかく、うたがい多き者どもは、()れるう()しに水をかけそら()()りたるやうに候ぞ

I have been repeating these things in detail day after day, month after month, year after year. Yet with the lay nun of Nagoe, Shō-bō, Noto-bō, Sammi-bō, and the like, who are cowardly, unreasoning, greedy, and doubting, my words have no more effect than pouring water on lacquer ware or slicing through air.

I have been repeating these things day after day, month after month, year after year. Yet with nun Nagoe, Shobo, Notobo, and Sanmibo were cowardly and did not remember, greedy, and doubting it. My words had no effect to them as like pouring water on lacquer ware or slicing off air! This is a reason to write in detail in this way.


To be continued


本文 Original text  目次 Index



by johsei1129 | 2019-09-22 23:35 | WRITING OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 09月 22日

1. Birth and religious practices.

1. Birth and religious practices.

Nichiren was born in Kominato,Tojo volost, Awa Country on February 16, 1222.

The Kamakura Shogunate was founded in Japan by Yoritomo Minamoto in this era, and 40 years have been passing. Mongolia empire was going to conquer Asia by military power in the Orient, and invasion of the Crusade began in the West. It was the times of a global fight.

 Father of Nichiren was called Tayuu Mikuni, and mother was called Umegiku. The details are unclear, but Tayuu Mikuni of father lived as a fisherman. It is said that he worked by killing creatures. Nichiren writes it down later. "I, Nichiren, is a child of chandala (untouchable) family in the seaside of the Tojo Village of Awa country in barbaric Japan of east". 'Receiving the Disfavor and Banishment to Sado'. On the other hand, it is known that Umegiku of mother was the families of the military commander of the Kamakura era. There is talk that mother was a well-educated lady to make Japanese poems. It is thought that his ability to write ingeniously might depended on the education of this mother.

Nichiren called a childhood name Zen’nichimaro. In 1233, he climbed to the ancient temple Seichoji which was near Kominato of the hometown when he became 12 years old, and he became a pupil there. Nichiren writes down in the letter which addressed to the believer of the Seichoji temple later as follows. 

“I received great wisdom from alive Akasa-garbha-bodhisattva. I prayed to him, 'Please make me to the person who is the wisest in Japan'. The bodhisattva felt pity for me perhaps. He gave the great jewel as brilliant as the morning star, into my right-hand sleeve.Thereafter, while I learn the all Buddhist sutras, I could understand the inferior and superior of the eight denominations and the all Buddhist sutras.” 'To the Seichoji temple public'.

Four years later, he became a monk formally at 16 years old, and took the tonsure and changed the name to Zeshobo-Rencho. Zesho is a meaning of the person being birth under the day. Rencho vowed giving life to Law of Buddha without having wife and child.

However, Awa country with the Seichoji temple was remote land culturally. Rencho visited various temples that was the center of the Buddhism such as the Yakushi-ji Temple of the Southern capital, the Enryakuji of Hi'ei mountain, the Tsuruoka Hachiman Shrine of Kamakura and he learned the essence of the Law of Buddha. Rencho made a study of Buddhism for 16 years, mastered the Law of Buddha at last. At the same time, Rencho prepared for hardship being waiting in the future, vowed "I will become a pillar of Japan, I become a large ship of Japan, and I become eyes of Japan".


Continued.


Life of Nichiren. Compact edition.



by johsei1129 | 2019-09-22 18:17 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 09月 22日

7. Eliminating the provisional existence and revealing the origin.

7. Eliminating the provisional existence and revealing the origin.

At the same time, he expressed that he himself was the Buddha having the intrinsically perfect wisdom and is the origin of the Buddha in the infinite past. And he declared, “I, Nichiren, am the ruler, am the teacher, and am father and mother, to all the people of Japan”. It showed he is the Buddha who has the three virtue of the ruler, teacher, and parent in the latter day of the Law.

“When we see the ‘Treasure Tower’ chapter of the Lotus Sutra, we find Shakyamuni Buddha, Taho Buddha, and the ten directions' Buddha who are incarnations. Why had they gathered? ‘Came here to let the Law hold out for a long time’. When we guess three Buddha minds trying to propagate the Lotus Sutra and give to all the children of the Buddha of the future, we understand that their concern and compassion are even greater than those of a father and mother who see their only child inflicted with big suffering. Honen, however, shows not the least concern about their compassion, but had tightly shut the gates of the Lotus Sutra so that no one would have access to it in the latter days of the Law. Like a person who tricks a demented child into throwing away a treasure, he tries to let them discard the Lotus Sutra. How cruel this mind is! If someone is about to kill your father and mother, don't you try to inform your father and mother? If a unfilial son who got drunk is about to kill his father and mother, shouldn't you try to stop him? If an evil person is about to set fire to the temples and pagodas, shouldn't you try to stop him? If your only child is gravely ill, shouldn't you try to cure a child with moxibustion? The people who leave Japanese Zen and Nembutsu followers as it is will be said as follows. ‘If the person feigns oneself and gets close to him without the mercy, namely this person is his enemy’. I, Nichiren, am sovereign, teacher, and father and mother for all the people of Japan”. ‘Opening the eyes. part 2’.


To be Continued


Life of Nichiren. Compact edition.



by johsei1129 | 2019-09-22 15:23 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 09月 22日

6. The great persecution of Tatsunokuchi.

6. The great persecution of Tatsunokuchi.

The Kamakura Shogunate gave Ryoukan of the Gokurakuji temple the order to pray for rain in June 1271 when three years passed from the arrival of the letter of Mongolia. Japan's farm had been hit by a drought that year. Gokurakuji Ryoukan was the high priest of the shogunate recognition and has been criticizing Nichiren opposing in a doctrine intensely.

Nichiren offered the confrontation of praying for rain to this Ryoukan. Result, Ryoukan was defeated miserably at this game and began a plan to entrap Nichiren into for self-protection. Ryoukan gained the favor of wives of Shogunate officials and poured obstinate defamatory words. This voice spread out in the Shogunate, and the air which shall investigate Nichiren happened.

On September 10, Nichiren was summoned to Yoritsuna Taira of the chief vassal of the Shogunate. Yoritsuna was overseeing the military and police of shogunate, and he was the existence to be able to be called the right-hand man of regent Tokimune. Yoritsuna asked about the truth of defamatory words, but because Nichiren had insisted the shogunate should prepare to Mongolia by the correct Law, Nichiren provoked a rage of Yoritsuna.

On the night of September 12 after two days, Yoritsuna Taira attacked the thatched hut of Nichiren. Yoritsuna intended to assassinate Nichiren without receiving permission of the regent Tokimune. Nichiren shouted while receiving a wound to the forehead, “You guys are right now trying to overthrow the pillar of Japan!" and foretold the calamity of revolt and the calamity of invasion from foreign country again. (The second warning to the government).

“The second time was that the twelfth day of September of the eighth year of the Bun'ei era (1271), in the hour of the monkey (from 3:00 p.m to 5 :00 p.m.), I said to Heino Saemonnojo: ‘Nichiren is the pillar of Japan. Being bereaved of me, Nichiren, is that the pillar of Japan topples down. Immediately, an intense fight which is called ‘the calamity of revolt within own domain' breaks out between the clan, and also there will be ‘the calamity of invasion from foreign country. Not only will the people of our nation be killed by foreign invaders, but many of them will be taken prisoner. You should burn the temples such as Kenchji Temple, Jufukuji, Gokurakuji, the Hall of the Great Buddha, and Chorakuji to the ground, and you should take the Nembutsu and Zen priests to Yui Beach to cut off their heads. If this is not done, then Japan is certain to perish!’”.

Nichiren was to be beheaded in Kamakura coast called "Tatsunokuchi (dragon's mouth)". (Persecution of Buddhists in Tatsunokuchi). But enforcement of the death penalty was aborted by the luminous object that suddenly appeared between the hours of the Ox and the Tiger (from a.m. 1:00 to a.m.5:00).

“An orb as bright as the moon burst forth from the direction of Enoshima Island, going across the sky from southeast to northwest. It was almost before dawn on 12th day and still too dark to see anyone's face, but the radiant object clearly illuminated everyone as like a bright moonlight. The headsman fell feeling blind. The soldiers were filled with panic. Some ran off distantly, or some jumped down from their horses and huddled on the ground, or others crouched on their saddles.”


Continued


Life of Nichiren. Compact edition.



by johsei1129 | 2019-09-22 14:38 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 09月 22日

5. The menace of Mongolia and warning to the ruler.

5. The menace of Mongolia and warning to the ruler.

Then in January 1268 after four years, the incident to bring dark clouds in the future in Japan happens. The envoy of the Mongolia empire arrived at Dazaifu and demanded subordination from Japan. Mongolia destroyed Korea with the powerful armaments and has been invading to mainland China. Kublai Khan, the emperor of the Yuan dynasty, demanded subordination from Japan in letter. Further, if rejected this, he threatened to attack Japan. The Kamakura Shogunate began preparations for defense in defiance of this threat. As a result, the attack of Mongolia became decisive.

This incident meant the hit of the calamity of the invasion of other countries which Nichiren has foretold in Rissho Ankokuron nine years ago. Nichiren was convinced that this national crisis could not be settled if it was not himself and he sent the letters (11 missives) to each temple of Kamakura including regent Tokimune Hojo in October of that year, and demanded the debate of public place. This purpose is to gather the Buddhist priests of each denominations in front of a king, to determine right or wrong of the Law of Buddha. Nichiren claimed that a national crisis would approach finally if Shogunate did not stop faiths of the wicked doctrine.

“I have the honor to inform your excellency.

On the eighteenth day of January of this year, the missive was received from the western barbarians, the great Mongol Empire. Nichiren's idea came true as with 'the treatise of establishing the correct teachings for the safety of the nation', Nichiren had compiled it gathering the precious words from the various sutras some years ago. Nichiren is in some sense a sainthood because a saint knows the future. Hence, I warn about this matter respectfully again. You must stop your support to Kenchoji, Jufukuji, Gokurakuji, Tahoji, Jokomyoji temple, the Hall of the Great Buddha, and other temples at once. If you do not do so, you will assuredly be attacked from four directions repeatedly. You must act quickly to pray for eliminating the Mongol and bring peace and security to our nation. And the task of praying to subdue them cannot be accomplished without Nichiren. When a vassal will speak out to king, that nation will take its correct course; and when a son will have an argument, the family will continue to be right. The safety and danger of the nation depends upon the correctness and erroneousness of its government policies. And the correct and wicked of Buddha's Law is decided by reflecting the bright mirror of the texts of the sutra.

In the first place, this country is a land of the gods, and the gods will not condone impoliteness. The god in heavens of seven generations, gods in the land of the five generations, and the other benevolent deities are beings who guard and protect the only teaching of Buddha. Moreover, the Lotus Sutra is their food and honesty are their power. The Lotus Sutra states, “the various Buddha of saviors of the world abide in the supernatural place, and in order to please living beings they display immeasurable supernatural powers”. When a nation casts aside the sole teachings, how would the benevolent deities fail to display anger? The Benevolent Kings Sutra says, “Once the sages have left, then the seven disasters are certain to arise”. The king of Wu failed to hear the warning of Wu Zixu and thereby brought about his own destruction. The evil rulers Chieh and Chou put to death their loyal ministers Kuan Lung-feng and Pi Kan and as a result lost their thrones. And now Japan is about to be deprived by Mongolia. Is this not a distress? Is this not a surprise?

If you fail to adopt the warnings of Nichiren, you will surely regret it later. Nichiren is the errand of the Lotus Sutra. The Lotus Sutra says, “He . . . is the envoy of the tathagata. He has been dispatched by tathagata and carries out the task of tathagata”. And the act of various Buddha of the three existences of past, present, and future is the Lotus Sutra.

I have sent letters of warning to various other persons, and it is my hope that you summon them all, discuss the matter, and let me know your judgment on it. In effect, prayers that are being offered up should be suspended, and the representatives of the various sects should be summoned from you so that they debate with me. Please decide the correct and wicked in Buddha's Law. There is the fine pine tree in the depths of the valley, but if the skilled gardener is unaware of this existence, the fault is in his. There is the person dressing in beautiful clothes in the dark, but if others fail to recognize him, this is due to their own stupidity. In the three countries of India, China, and Japan, the judgement of Law of Buddha was decided by the ruler, who was King Ajatashatru, the rulers of the Ch'en and Sui dynasties, and Emperor Kammu. I am not urging any private opinion or prejudice; I state it solely out of motives of grand loyalty. I do not state it for my own sake. I state it for the sake of the gods, for the sake of the ruler, for the sake of the nation and for the sake of all living beings.

Very truly yours.

The eleventh day of October in the fifth year of Bun'ei [1268]. Nichiren.

Respectfully presented to the lay priest Yadoya”. Missive to Tokimune Hojo’.

“To begin with, the buildings of Buddhist stand side by side, the teachings of Buddhism filling it even to the roof. Buddhism flourishes in a fashion surpassing anything known in India or China; and the ceremonies of the priests resemble those of arhats who possess the six powers. However, they do not understand whether it is high or low, and not understand either whether it is shallow or deep, among the various sutras preached in the Buddha's lifetime. They are hardly different from the birds or beasts. People cast aside the tathagata Shakyamuni of three virtues and instead believe in Buddha or bodhisattva of other land forthwith. Are they not like the Anti-Lokayata of ancient India? Faiths in the Nembutsu lead to the hell of incessant suffering; the Zen school is the work of the devil; Shingon is a wicked doctrine that will ruin the nation; and the religious precepts sect is a false preach that is traitor of the nation.

Therefore, around the first year of the Bunno era [1260], I wrote 'the treatise of establishing the correct teachings for the safety of the nation', which I handed to the lay priest Yadoya for presentation to Saimyoji [Tokiyori] who had passed away. In conclusion of this writing, I got perception that it is because persons are putting faiths in wicked teachings such as the Nembutsu, Shingon, Zen, and religious precepts sect that calamities and disasters occur again and again in our world today. Moreover, I predicted that this country would be accused from a foreign nation. Then, on the eighteenth day of January of this year, the missive arrived from the Mongol nation. It has happened, like I predicted without the slightest discrepancy. Is it because the prayers being offered up from the various temples and mountain monasteries have lost a power, or because it is the evil Law? Both the rulers and the multitude of people in Kamakura pay reverence to the saint Doryu as though you are Buddha, and they look up to the saint Ryoukan as though he is an arhat. In addition, the priests of Jufukuji, Tahoji, Jokomyoji, Chorakuji, and the Hall of the Great Buddha are wicked persons of arrogance as the sutra says 'They are boastful and suppose they have attained what they have not attained. How can they pray to overcome and overpower the vast military might of Mongolia? On the contrary, both rulers and people of this country of Japan will all be taken prisoner. At their present existence they will see their nation overthrown, and in their next existence they will decidedly fall into the hell of incessant suffering. If you do not adopt Nichiren's warnings, you will regret it later.

I have written letters of this contents and have respectfully sent to the Lord Kamakura of the regent, to the lay priest Yadoya and to Heino Saemonnojo and others. I would hope that these persons all gather in one place to discuss after. I, Nichiren, do not venture to express mere private and prejudiced opinion; I only base upon the texts of the sutras and treatises. It is difficult to explain this matter by a letter, and therefore I hope for a confrontation with you in debate! Writing does not fully express speech, speech does not fully stand for mind.

With my deep respect.

The eleventh day of October in the fifth year of Bun'ei [1268].

 Nichiren.

Respectfully presented to the attendant of the saint Doryu of Kenchoji temple".Missive to the saint Doryu of Kenchoji Temple’.

“With regard to the missive that has arrived from the western barbarians, the great Mongol Empire, I have respectfully submitted letters to the Lord Kamakura and the others. I, Nichiren, had thought 'the treatise of establishing the correct teachings for the peace and safety of the nation' around the first year of the Bun’no era [1260], and it has come true without the slightest discrepancy. What do you think of this? Venerable Ryoukan, you had best give up your attitude of jeering and put your faiths in Nichiren speedily. If you do not, you will be guilty of “preaching the Law to white-robed laymen” while “despising and looking down on all human being”. “Rely on the Law, not upon persons”. These are golden words given to us by the tathagata Shakyamuni. It would seem that the place of saint Ryoukan is described by the Lotus Sutra in the words “Or there will be monks wearing clothing of patched rags and living in forest namely aranya”. The word aranya, or “forest,” means a place of peace and quiet. This location differs from your place making a false statement and a false charge for slandering Nichiren. You are nothing more than a saint of sham and bandit resembling the scholars of the three kind of Buddhism. You are an arrogant counterfeit saint, in present existence you are a bandit of the nation, and in next existence you will fall into the hell unquestionably. If you feel even a little remorse for your past sin, come and put your faiths in Nichiren. I have written letters to Kenchoji and the other temples including the Lord Kamakura for informing them of my views on this matter. In effect, if we hope to achieve our original intentions, there is no better way than having a showdown in debate. In other words, the comparison between the Lotus Sutra of the king in the various sutra and the Law of superficial and shallow Buddhism sutra reveals the superiority and the inferiority, for example, these are river and the ocean or are Mt. Hua Shan and Mt. Chomolungma. Do you know the secret Law that will pray to overcome the Mongol nation emphatically? I, Nichiren, am the foremost votary of the Lotus Sutra in all of Japan and am a general who can defeat the Mongol nation, because, the Lotus Sutra says, 'the person likewise foremost among all living beings'”. Missive to the Gokurakuji Ryoukan’.

But Kamakura monks including the shogunate smothered Nichiren's remonstration. They had been terrified that the force of Nichiren become more powerful. The number of believers in the Lotus Sutra had been attaining a one-tenth of Japan.


Continued


Life of Nichiren. Compact edition.




by johsei1129 | 2019-09-22 10:46 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)