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2019年 05月 19日 ( 4 )


2019年 05月 19日

4 Nichiren Starts Propagation in Kmakura (6)

              Japanese edition.


Nichiren attacked the Zen Buddhism at the same time. He vividly writes down the figure of the then Zen priest by "'the Question and Answer of Saint and the Foolish Person" that he made a writing in 1268.

“There is a hermit who walk aimlessly like a wormwood and go around the countries as like a floating weed. He comes over before we realize it, and leans against the pillar gate, and he smile, do not talk.We doubt it and ask him a question, but he says nothing at first. When we asked him a question forcibly after this, he says, ‘The moon is dusky, and the wind blows restlessly'. He is different from an ordinary man in both the style and the character and we cannot communicate in the language. It is Law of the Zen of the present if we inquired into”.

 It is said that the Zen priest cannot communicate in a language. The Zen Buddhism is not that awful in the present times, but the teachings are not changed than old time. The contents of teachings share the same roots.

Zen sect also denied all the sutras same as the Nembutsu.The Zen sect says that Buddha gave the essence of the Buddhism to only Mahakashyapa (note) of the disciple of Buddha orally, not by a sutra. Therefore, they say that a text of a sutra does not have the truth, is useless to learn. “Teachings are separately conveyed to others”, this means it. The persons to tell this hidden doctrine are Zen priests beginning with priest Dharma.
 Nichiren impeaches them with anger.

“The denomination called Zen says 'conveyed separately from teachings', and they say that Buddha whispered to Mahakashyapa outside all the sutras secretly. Therefore, they say that the person learning all sutras without knowing the Zen is like a dog biting thunder and resembles a monkey waiting the moonlight. Hence, they are left by parents in Japan because they are unfilial. Because it was rude, they were made to expel from a lord. Or young Buddhist priests neglect study. This is because Zen is evil doctrine suitable for the abnormal nature of the prostitute. Everybody became a priest all and, as a result, they became the locust which eat the farmer of the country in this way. Therefore, Heaven angers his eye, and the god of ground waves his body.‘the Selection of Time’.

Nichiren says that the person who causes slight faiths and entered the road of Buddha become a pest devouring the expense of the country. Therefore, when Zen Buddhism happened, the people who easily shaved their hair for becoming the priest appeared one after another. The person who does not have the judgment without having no knowledge, and training himself behaves like a learned and virtuous priest. Becomes arrogant not to speak of such a human being. There is not even the common sense like being pointed out by Nichiren.
 “The Zen sect today generally violates the five constant virtues of benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and faith. To honor the high person of virtue, to respect the elderly, and to love infant are recognized in the Law of Buddhist and non-Buddhist's precept. However, the Zen priests are no more than the uneducated clowns or barbarians, and unable to distinguish black from white, until yesterday or the day before. Now that they have donned priestly robes, they have become so conceited that they belittle the learned and virtuous priests of the Tendai and Shingon sects, observe none of the courtesy and hope they rank higher than all others.
 These people are arrogant and inferior to an animal.

Great Teacher Dengyo says in the explanatory note.
 'The otter shows a homage to an ancestor by offering up the fish it has caught, the crow in the forest gives food to its parents and grandparents. The dove perches under than three branches from its parents, wild goose flies without disarranging the lines formed, and lambs kneel to drink mother's milk'. He asks: even lowly animals conduct themselves with such propriety, why can human beings be lacking in courtesy? Above is summary. It is natural that the Zen priests are confused about Buddhism doctrine. They do not even know the morals of human beings. Is this not conduct of the devil or monster?" ‘Letter to Niike’.


There is a legend that the otter displays the fish which they caught for New Year holidays carefully and worships ancestors. The crow living in the forest carries bait so that the parent and the grandparents who brought themselves up do not starve and repays a love. It is said that the dove perches on the branch under three than a parent bird. It is well known that a wild goose does not break a line. The child of the sheep lowers the head at mother and swallows up the milk. They follow etiquette, and even an animal is dutiful to its parents in this way. Nichiren said that it was lower than a beast not to keep this.
 Then why did Zen spread in this time?
 The reason is quite clear. This was because powers-that-be believed.
The powers-that-be is regent Tokiyori Hojo. It may be said that Tokiyori was the emperor who already ruled over Japan. Both the real Emperor and the commander-in-chief of the expeditionary force existed, but samurais prostrated themselves to Tokiyori only.
 He invited Doryu Rankei of the Zen priest from Soong. Nichiren is 25-year-old times. Tokiyori founds Kenchoji Temple in 1253 seven years later and invites Doryu. Nichiren do declaration to establish the denomination in Awa in the same year. Furthermore, Tokiyori became the lay priest three years later and was given the Buddhist name with Dosu-Kakuryobo. It is such the considerable adoration. The person according to Tokiyori made Zen meditation one after another. The fame of Doryu became high tempted by this, too, but Nichiren saw through him.

“I, Nichiren knows this and often says the mistake of both priest and common person of Japan, this is the present evil, but becomes good fortune of the posterity. But the priest and common person of Japan know his behavior, they respect him for fear of authority and seem to neglect him at their mind”. 'Letter to the lay priest of Yagenta'.
 Although it was said that the Zen Buddhism has spread out among samurais, it was such a condition in fact. Nichiren who lived in the same times says more.

“As for breaking the manners and religious precepts of Kenchoji and Engakuji Temple, a big mountain seems to collapse, and the wildness of their behavior resembles a monkey. It is fruitless to think being helped to the future and give an offering for them”. Letter to Niike’.

Tokiyori built Kenchoji Temple, and Tokimune of the son built Enkakuji. Although both temples exist now, Nichiren declares that is silly to think being born to the good place in next life, and hold the service for the both temples.


        Continued to 'Shijo Kingo appears'.


Life of Nichiren. Part 1. contents


Note

Mahakasyhapa

Also, known as Kāshyapa. A son of Nikuridha of Rich Person. One of the major ten disciples of Shakyamuni Buddha, he was known as the foremost disciple in ascetic practices. At the assembling seat in ‘the 6th Chapter, Bestowal of Mark' of the Lotus Sutra, he received a prophecy of Tathagata of Light. After passing away of Shakyamuni Buddha, he received protection of Ajatashatru and became the chairperson of the people who is collecting Buddhist sutras. And he gathered up sutras together with more than 500 arhats at the Cave of Seven Leaves of the south in the Royal Palace Castle of Magadha country while more than a half year. In addition, he spread Hinayana as the first successors of the Buddha Law for 20 years.

The Great Teacher Dengyou

From 767 to 822. This priest is Saicho who became the initiator of the Japanese Tendai sect early in the Heian era. He became a priest at 12 years old and received complete commandments in Todaiji Temple in AD 785, and although he came back to the hometown once, he entered Mt. Hiei afterwards and built the thatched hut and mastered the Buddhist sutras and theory. He named the thatched hut as Enryakuji Temple in 788 years and again he changed this name to the Ichijo-Shikan'in [temple of both concentration and insight to the sole Law] in 793 years. He contended the superiority and inferiority of more than ten denomination and doctrine such as Avatamska sect, Law Surface sect, the Three Logical sect, in Takao Temple in AD 802. He visited Tang in 804 years and learned the doctrines of Tendai, Zen and Shingon and the next year he went back to Japan and established the Tendai sect in 806 years. He became the priest protecting the Emperor Saga in 813 years and continued an effort of the realization of Mahayana sanctuary that the old Buddhist sects object to. The Imperial permission of the sanctuary was granted on June 11 of the seventh day after he died.

 Nichiren Daishonin appreciated this sanctuary of Mahayana highly. Daishonin praises him. "He united all the people of the Law of Buddha into one Law. This mind is surpassing Nagarjuna and Vasubandhu and seems superior to Nanyueh and Tientai.” (Selection of Time) . His disciple is Gishin, Encho, Zikaku. His book is three volumes of "Excellent Phrases of the Lotus Sutra", three volumes of "Article to Express Religious Precepts", a majority including "The Regulations for Students of the Mountain School".
 In addition, Nichiren Daishonin states, “The Great Teacher Tientai long ago was the name called Medicine King in the Gathering at Eagle Peak, next, he was born in China in the name called Tientai and he appeared again in Japan in the name called Dengyou. And their three propagations are called marvelous Law together.” ‘Establishing the Correct Method of Contemplation



by johsei1129 | 2019-05-19 21:59 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 05月 19日

末法の本仏の立場で法華経二十八品を後継者、日興上人に口伝した書【御義口伝 下】要点解説(119)

【普賢経五箇の大事】

第五 正法治国不邪枉人民の事(注)

御義口伝に云く、末法の正法とは南無妙法蓮華経なり、此の五字は一切衆生をたぼらかさぬ秘法なり。

正法を天下一同に信仰せば此の国安穏ならむ。されば玄義(注)に云く「若し此の法に依れば即ち天下泰平」と。

此の法とは法華経なり、法華経を信仰せば、天下安全たらむ事疑有る可からざるなり。


已上二百二十九箇大事





正法治国不邪枉人民
佛説觀普賢菩薩行法經(普賢経)」後段の下記の文の偈

[原文]
第三懺悔者 正法治國 不邪枉人民 是名修第三懺悔
[和訳]
第三の懺悔する者とは、正法をもって国を治め、人民を邪枉せざらん。是れを第三の懺悔を修すと名づくなり。

玄義
天台大師の法華三部作の一つ「法華玄義」の事。















by johsei1129 | 2019-05-19 21:34 | 御義口伝 | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 05月 19日

Gosho 勧持品十三箇の大事  Thirteen important points in the chapter of Encouraging Devotion.

第七 ()(しょ)無智(むち)(にん)の事

Point Seven, on the words “There will be many ignorant people / who will curse and speak ill of us”.

The 7th. "There will be many ignorant people".

御義(おんぎ)口伝(くでん)に云はく、一文(いちもん)不通(ふつう)の大俗なり、悪口(あっく)罵詈(めり)分明(ふんみょう)なり。

The Record of the Orally Transmitted Teachings says: This refers to those great oafs who do not understand even one word of the teachings. It is perfectly clear that they “curse and speak ill of us”.

The Orally Conveyed Teachings says: This means the people in general who do not understand even one sentence. It is clearly that they “curse and speak ill of us”.

日本国の俗を諸と云うなり。

The word “many” here refers to such oafs in the country of Japan.

The word “many” means such people in general of Japan country.


つづくContinued


本文 Original Text  御義口伝目次 Table of Contents



by johsei1129 | 2019-05-19 12:17 | WRITING OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 05月 19日

4 Nichiren Starts Propagation in kamakura (5)

                   Japanese ver.


 Honen got religious precepts from head priest of the Tendai Sect, Gyogen of the 48th of the teacher. Naturally, he learns the education and researches of the Lotus Sutra and Tendai.Honen concluded that people hardly understand the Lotus Sutra which he was not able to understand. "Throw away it , close it , ignore and abandon it". These are only arrogance of Honen.

When we just read the Lotus Sutra, some scenes having difficulty in understanding surely come out. At the ceremony in the air, Tathagata Taho and Shakyamuni Buddha float in the air together with the tower of treasure. The advent of bodhisattvas who had emerged from the depth of the ground of hundreds billions to take propagation after passing away of Buddha. Even the Maitreya-bodhisattva who was in that place said, “The Buddha, when did you lead these bodhisattvas?". He was upset about this phenomenon and doubted it. Several scenes more than the understanding of the ordinary man appear there. Honen felt his powerlessness for the elucidation of this phenomenon. After he was troubled, he changed his attitude. Honen was able to discover only a method clinging to the Amida Sutra of only 1878 words that himself could understand rather than all creatures understand.
 The logic that is preached in Amida Sutra is very simple.
  It is like that if we summarize this. "There is a country of Buddha called the Land of Happiness. There is it in the place where we passed the west, the country of Buddha of a hundred billion. There is the Buddha named Amida there. The people of the country receive only pleasure without receiving pains. Thus, we name a country of Buddha the Land of Happiness. Three evil paths do not exist there. If a good man and a good woman pray hearing the name of Amida absorbedly, at the time of end, Amida Buddha appear, we can die in the Land of Happiness. Therefore, these people who heard this sutra should pray to be born in the Buddha's country.

It be revealed the content of the enlightenment of the Buddha is not preached even a single word in the Amida sutra. In addition, it is not clear why we can pass away to the Land of Happiness if we pray for the name of Amida.
 Shariputra, man of the best wisdom, is a partner to talk of the sutra of this Amida, but he is a partner to talk of the chapter of the Expedient Means in the Lotus Sutra too. Shariputra asks Buddha for teachings three times at the place of the sermon of the Lotus Sutra, and Buddha begins to preach "the one great purpose by fate” that appeared in saha world for the first time.
In other words, Buddha reveal a very deep thought why he appeared in this saha world. Buddha says, "I will let them open the wisdom of Buddha and show the wisdom of Buddha and realize the wisdom of Buddha" for all creatures.

Nichiren concisely elucidate the merits and demerits of the before-Lotus Sutra and the Lotus Sutra in " Letter about the Messenger of Mongolia."

"The all of Law are included to one's mind, and even one dust is not missing to there after all. Oneself possesses nine mountains, eight seas, too, and own mind has the sun and the month and the star. The people do not know it even if Buddha says in this way. For example, an infant is not afraid of water and fire, a blind person not be able to see his figure in a mirror. All any religion of non-Buddhism and Hinayana and provisional Mahayana preached only a part of the Law of one's mind. These not preach like the Lotus Sutra. Therefore, many sutras have merits and demerits, and the people are divided into a saint and a wise man. Because doctrine to preach increases, I stop it in this and do end”.

In other words, Nichiren points out that Honen who depends on the internal and external sutras which preach only partly the Law of person's mind is a blind person who cannot see his figure floating into a mirror, and is a infant who is not afraid of terrible suffering.

Therefore, after death of Honen, his disciples appeared who modified Honen's doctrine, they stopped throwing away all sutras and began preaching what could pass away to the Pure land even by the other sutras.

They say that they accept other sutras to escape blame of the world. But the real intention is only one practice of Nembutsu.
Shinran who learned Honen as a teacher is this representative.
It is easy to read "the Lamenting for Difference" to understand Shinran. " Lamenting the Difference” is what Yui'en of the immediate disciple of Shinran wrote the words of teacher, he was grieved over various kinds of divergent views that occurred in a religious community after Shinran death.
We will watch contents of "Lamenting the difference”.
At first it is negation of the possibility. Shinran takes the teachings from his teacher Honen well.

“Attaining the Buddhahood in one's present body by Shingon or the six senses purification by the Lotus sutra are the difficult ways and only the superior saint of capacity is able to practice it and are able to accomplish for the first time only after concentrating a spirit. Against this, the doctrine of the Jodo Shinsyu sect will attain Buddhahood by Amida's help in the next life. Originally we pass away to Pure Land by all means if we do even faiths, this is the big avenue which was made as if being able to become Buddha promptly. The doctrine of Jodo Shinshu is different from the doctrines of Shingon and the Lotus Sutra in this way. Therefore, you must know that it is the claim that misunderstood doctrine really that the present self can attain Buddhahood while doing faiths of the Jodo Shinshu." Shinryu Umehara translation

Shinran says giving up this world and betting on the future life. This world is meaningless if we believe Shinran. There are not the modern people having such a thought. But the reason why there is no end to suicides may come from the teaching of Nembutsu to escape from this world to. The suicide per 100,000 of Japan is 18.5 people, and this is the 17th worst in the world. It is the worst in the G8.When they are hard or tough, they become feeble, and commit suicide . Shinran is danger than a narcotic drugs. We remember that Shandao of the founder of the Chinese Nembutsu hanged himself with the tree of willow. Saying this world is being filling with sufferings, Shandao committed suicide.

Nichiren writes it down about the suicide of priest Shandao as follows.

"He became the great deadly foe of the Buddha of the three existences, and he repeated a mistake of great slandering Buddha's teachings that he lose seeds of the attaining Buddhahood of the tathagatas of the ten direction. This is a cause to be the reward of the big crime, and to enter the great castle of the hell of the incessant suffering.

Therefore, he would go crazy immediately. He climbed the willow tree in front of Buddhist temple, hanged himself and threw the body and he have committed suicide. The curse of the evil doctrine does not turn a heel. We watch the invisible punishment to here.

He said at the last; ‘I hate about body myself. I am tormented by various pains, and there is not rest for a while either'. He climbed the tree of willow in front of the temple and he prayed toward the west and said in this way. 'Buddha, please give me a great might, please rescue me. The Bodhisattva of Kannon and Wisdom, please come and help me'. He finished advocating it in this way and threw his body from the blue willow and committed suicide. He hanged himself on March 17 and flew, but he fell on the firm soil of the large drought and hit the backbone, and broke it. It may be the rope which he bound was weak or the willow branch may have been broken.

For seven days until March 24, he has fainted in agony during day and night, crawled, yelled, cried and has died”. ‘Nembutsu is Hell of Incessant Suffering’.

Saichou of the Great Teacher Dengyo was born approximately 400 years before Shinran, and says.
“Do not believe all scholars of the non-justice and not accept them. What is the reason? A disciple falls again in the place where a teacher falls, and a follower drops either. Why we may not be careful with a golden clear teachings? May not be careful? “. 'Protecting the Domain of the Country' in 'the Chart of Teachings during Five Periods of Shakyamuni Buddha'.
"A disciple falls again in the place where a teacher falls”. These words are exactly right. We can recognize that the teacher and disciple of Honen and Shinran have let Japanese make degenerate remarkably between these several hundred years.


            continued to (6)


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents




by johsei1129 | 2019-05-19 12:01 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)