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2019年 04月 28日 ( 4 )


2019年 04月 28日

2 People of Seichoji Temple of the Hometown (3)

                      Japanese edition


Renchō left Kamakura and made for Mutsura, present Yokohama. This is because he gets into a boat. A ship arrived at Awa early and comfortably than person goes around Tokyo Bay on foot.

 But it was cumbrous that there was the checkpoint on the way.

People crowded in front of the checkpoint.
Travelers take out money and pay it to a government official. The person without the money held out brown rice. This checkpoint was built just recently. Therefore, all the people were getting angry.

One priest was chatting with a samurai in the hall of the checkpoint.

That priest wears a poor priest robe, but he gains weight a little and looks healthy.

He was called the name Ninshō, and a popular name was called Ryoukan.

He is from Yamato. He climbed Mt. Shigisan at 10 years old and trained himself. At the age of 17, he received the religious precept at ordination hall of Todaiji Temple. He studied under famous Eison as a distinguished priest of Shingon religious precept sect and, at the age of 24, became a priest. And he went to the Kantō district in 1252 and entered Kamakura in 1262 and spread Religious Precepts Sect.

This Buddhist priest has been receiving strong trust of the Shogunate. Gokurakuji temple is founded in 1259 by Shigetoki Hojou of the third son of second regent Yoshitoki Hojo, and Ryoukan becomes the founder.

Ryoukan is unique.

Ryoukan has been managing this checkpoint. It is unexpectedly that a priest managed the means of transportation, but a priest was engaged in the administration of such facilities mainly in those days.

It is not long since the samurai ruled the state. The Shogunate which Hojo leads is not stable in its finance. Samurais spent all their time with battle until now. They do not have senses of economy at all. Even if they were good at the struggle, the ability for rule was no match for the court noble. The public works projects to build a bridge and the road are impossible in this way. From the plan of knowledge, experience and the money of the administrative technique, Buddhist priest belonged to an educated class, and the priest who had abundant financial power played a key role, and the maintenance of the country was pushed forward.

The center of the politics is Kamakura, but the economy is Kyoto at that time. The people who have grasped a fund of Kyoto were the priests of Kinki.

Ryoukan gained the favor of the Shogunate by the abundant fund again and strengthened power. What we think he is from Todaiji is a large-scale fundraising activity for the rebuilding of the Great Buddha of Nara which was performed 70 years ago. He from Todaiji Temple learned this collection system of money and came over to Kanto.

The person that Ryoukan was talking with was Shigetoki Hojo. He is a strong believer of Nembutsu. His father is Yoshitoki Hojo who built the prosperity of the Shogunate.

Therefore, Shigetoki got an important post of the Shogunate for granted. Nagatoki, his child, became the regent after succeeding Tokimune. It was famous lineage among Hojo.

Shigetoki took a cup in satisfactory mind while looking at the checkpoint.

Government officials of the checkpoint carried a large quantity of money, the Sung Coin which imported from China (note). They gathered it from passersby. The copper money has a hole midmost. Government officials thread this hole with a string and make thousand. These 1000 pieces were called one kan in those days. One kan is value of 180 liters of rice, and the then value of money is approximately 50000 yen in the present. Money called thousands kan was piled in heaps in this way. The rice was piled up like a mountain, too. The people called this, as "the rice in the checkpoint of Mutsura".

Ryōkan and Shigetoki Hojo talk peacefully.

Shigetoki was pleasant.

"Gee, you thought carefully. To make a barrier, and to collect rice and money. A country samurai cannot think of anything. It is a good idea!”.

Pot-bellied Ryōkan begins to talk to Shigetoki in a tone to persuade.

"Kamakura needs public works more. This method helps the finance of the Shogunate, and it becomes the happiness of a poor person if we collect tax from people thinly widely in this way. This adapts to the road of Buddha to teach in our religious precepts sect”.

Shigetoki gets moderately drunk.

"I am thankful. Because the ascetic practices of the Ritsu sect have only to follow religious precepts, it is easy".

Ryoukan answered.

"I believe that our denomination is one united body into the Shogunate. The priest cannot live without Hojo clan. I am devoting myself to the Shogunate in this way, but there is a trouble that a temple of Kamakura is slightly small now. Lord, thank you in advance”.

It was so. In fact, there is a plan to build the temple on my land of Kamakura. The temple is called Gokurakuji. I am seeking a priest now”.

"That is the good news. It will lead to prosperity of my lord if you leave that temple to me”.

Shigetoki nodded for a proposal of Ryoukan as having had thought came true.

There was Renchō in the line of the traveler sullenly at the entrance of the barrier. He took out the money from the bag and offered it to the officials.



    continued to 'Nichiren Declares the Establishment of True Buddhism in the Hometown on Readiness.'


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents


note

North Sung coin (three pieces on the left) south Sung coin (others)

f0301354_18182309.jpg






by johsei1129 | 2019-04-28 21:35 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 04月 28日

2 People of Seichō-ji Temple of the Hometown(2)

                   Japanese version


At that time, they could hear people's voice of the front gate.
"Did Rencho return home?".
O'ama was restless.
All members proceed to the entrance hall.
Buddhist priests of the temple are quarrelling with samurais who rode a horse at the door front.
One samurai among them, Kagenobu Tojo of the land steward was staring with a fearless look.
He is a guest who has not invited. Disappointment clouded their features.
Kagenobu Tojo looked down all people of the Seichoji Temple.

“Well well! Everyone of the Seichoji temple, all of you are together here, are not you? I thought today to decide the longtime land dispute and came over”.

Young Jokenbo glared at Kagenobu and criticize. He is a senior disciple of Renchō.
“Lord Tojo, what do you say? You are not permitted the selfish behavior in this temple despite a land steward”.
Kagenobu looked the other way.
"I manage this whole area. I am ruling this land by the instruction of Kamakura shogunate that is leader of the samurai family".
Likewise, the senior disciple Gijobo rebutted with determination.
"It is effective on the land which the land steward rules over. Your control is powerless against this temple”.
Kagenobu do not hear in silence. He retorts to Gijobo by the authority of shogunate.

"However, it is a fact that there are some people against Kamakura. It is what is not permitted that old-fashioned temples behave selfishly”.
This issue is about the crisis of the Seichoji temple. Jokenbo hunt down Kagenobu without flinching.

"You appeal to Lord Kamakura if so and should decide which is right!".

Dozenbo could not bear to see a violent quarrel between his disciples and land steward and stepped in between them.

"Steward Kagenobu, actually, the person who is called Rencho of my disciple finished long ascetic practices in the Enryakuji Temple and will return here today or tomorrow. We are busy with preparations to invite him to now. Excuse me, but it is not quarrelling time now".

Kagenobu was fearless.

“Well. I come again sometime soon, all of you should prepare. If you have the slightest an unpardonable thing, I come to control all of you".

Kagenobu went away horseback.

In establishing the Kamakura Shogunate, Minamoto Yoritomo dispatched the samurai to his ruling place and set up land stewards and governors. Though he held the ruling area, it was not the whole country but the eastern area from Kinki, and in addition it was out of the territory of the temple.
However, the quarrel in the boundary happened consistently when a land steward was installed next door of the territory of the temple.


               continued to (3)


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents



by johsei1129 | 2019-04-28 19:51 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 04月 28日

2. People of Seichoji Temple of the Hometown. (1)

                  Japanese version   


There was Awa country on the south edge of present Chiba Boso Peninsula.

The sunlight seemed to be subtropical.

The temple in the middle of the mountain, Seichoji was looking down the Pacific Ocean.

Unlike the capital here, there is calmness. In the temple, the little monks were sweeping out the wide gate.

A laughter sounded at the auditorium of Seichoji Temple.

The statue of the Bohisattva Space Treasury, the principal worship, is being enshrined in the auditorium. People waiting for the return of Renchō were in this auditorium.

Tayū Mikuni is the father of Renchō, mother is Umegiku-nyo, Nun O'ama of the believer from old times, Dozenbo of the chief priest, Jokenbo of the disciple, Gijobo and others were sitting down in a ring .

Nun O'ama is a strong supporter of this temple. Dozenbo is the teacher of Renchō. Gijobo, Jokenbo are the senior disciple of Renchō. Everyone knows Renchō from childhood.

Obliging Nun O'ama talks smilingly.

" Renchō was really a smart child. Everybody was to know, I had favored Rencho since he was young. Twelve years has already passed since then. It will be that he certainly became an excellent priest."

O'ama was a widow of Hojo Tomotoki who was the founder of Nago'e branch family in Hojo clan. Tomotoki’s older brother is Yasutoki Hojo who is famous as a great politician. Nun O'ama was rooted in this land by the relations that her husband was the feudal lord of Awa..

She is willing to care people, and favored parents and child of Renchō and provided mental and material support.

Tayu Mikuni humble lower his head to O'ama whom he met after a long absence.

"Rencho became a priest by help really of nun O'ama in this temple and was able to train himself in the Enryakuji Temple. I would like to thank you again as a father."

The Umegiku of mother also bowed her head to O'ama with the gratitude for Rencho growing and going toward the Seichoji safely.

"I was impatiently waiting Rencho became an excellent priest and came back to this Awa. Besides, there is not such a happiness elsewhere as mother to listen to sermon of Rencho in this temple which he climbed at 12 years old. "

O'ama talks to Dozenbo of the aged chief priest.

"He seemed to have done considerable ascetic practices in a famous temple with a venerable history of Kyoto and Nara such as Shitenno-ji Temple or Yakushi-ji Temple including Mt. Hiei-zan. I am very looking forward to what kind of sermon he does".

Dozenbo has begun to talk artlessly.

"Who knows? Rencho surpassed everybody in a childhood in this temple sure enough, but,I do not know how was he at the Enryakuji temple where the excellent monks ofthe countries gathered.

Because Rencho has obstinate character, I worry slightly what kind of sermon he does.”

Dōzenbo looked after Renchō from 12 years old to 20 years old and brought him up. He is existence like second father for Rencho.

Nun O'ama begins to chuckle.

"Hey, Dozenbo's anxious mind began again."

All members had contagious grin.

It was peaceful atmosphere, but there was the person who was not glad of Rencho coming home.

Old priest Enchibō and Dōgibō whispered at the corner of the temple.

“Rencho is worthless. After all, he came back to the original country temple without making a success in life in a temple of Kyoto however he trained himself in Mt. Hiei-zan. He can do nothing. If Rencho intends to succeed Dozenbo, this is a perfect scream”.

"Dozenbo of faintheartedness may think that his one supporter increased, but this Seichoji is under the control of us”.

They chuckled.

There is the power struggle in world of any place.

Enchibo and Dogibo were influential people of the Seichoji Temple. Especially Enchibō bowed three times for one character in the Seichoji and spent three years writing the Lotus Sutra [note], and he perfectly memorized ten text of the Lotus Sutra. And it is said that he had read two texts of the Lotus Sutra in single night a day during 50 years. The masses of the temple praised that Enchibō is sure to become the Buddha. Therefore, he was arrogant. He was ruling Seichoji Temple together with Dōgibō. However, the young monk who returned from Mt. Hiei will appear here. They cannot feel interesting.


             continued


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents


[note]

Lotus Sutra

"Sad Dharma Pundarika Sutra" (The sacred book which is clean and mysterious like a white lotus flower) in Sanskrit.

As for the translation in Chinese, 16 kinds have been conveyed including partial translation and a different book, but three books exist with complete form. Among them, because the translation of Kumarajiva spread most widely, in general speaking of the Lotus Sutra means his translation.

The reason why Buddha assumed the symbol of this sutra a white lotus flower is because a lotus flower blooms from mud unlike other trees and plants. Because this makes a clean large white bloom without being stained with mud meaning worldly desires, it is said that shows the idea that worldly desires themselves are Buddhahood. In addition, the lotus flower symbolizes that cause and effect are simultaneous together because it let fruit (underground stem) bloom at the same time. The place of origin of the lotus flower is India, and it is thought that a lot of lotus flowers grew in the area that Shakyamuni Buddha propagated.

The Lotus Sutra in the Latter Day of the Law is Nam-myoho-renge-kyo of the three great secret of the Law, Nichiren Daishonin preached it.

“In the times of the latter days of the Law of now, neither the Lotus Sutra nor the other sutras have the power to save the people. Only Nam-Myoho-Renge-Kyo can lead all people to Buddhahood. This is not just my own interpretation. It is the judgement of Shakyamuni Buddha, Taho Buddha, the various Buddha in the ten directions and the innumerable bodhisattvas welling from the ground.”  ‘The Teachings for the Latter Day of the Law’

f0301354_23073205.jpg




by johsei1129 | 2019-04-28 11:14 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2019年 04月 28日

Gosho 兵衛志殿御返事 A reply to Ikegami Munenaga

とのばら二人は上下こそありとも、との(殿)だにもよく()ふか()く、心()がり、道理をだにもしらせ給はずば、(右衛)もん()大夫(たゆう)(さかん)殿(どの)はいかなる事ありとも、()やのかんだ()()ゆるべからず。

There were the upper and lower of the rank among you two, but if you had a wicked mind, were greedy and did not know even a justice either, no matter what happens, Emonnno-tayu of the older brother who received the disownment from the parent had not been forgiven.

(右衛)もん()()いう()は法華経を信じて仏になるとも、()やは法華経の行者なる子をかんだ()()して地獄に()つべし。

Even if your older brother believes in the Lotus Sutra and becomes Buddha, the parent disowns that child who is the votary of the Lotus Sutra and he will fall into the hell.

との(殿)あに()をや()そん()ずる人になりて、提婆(だいば)(だっ)()やう()にをはすべかりしが、末代なれどもかし()こき上、欲なき身と生まれて三人ともに仏になり給ひ、ちゝ()かた()はゝ()かた()()いをもすく()い給ふ人となり候ぬ。

You would have become the person who lose a parent and an older brother, and it seemed to become like Devadatta. However, though the present was in the latter day of the Law, you were smart and born as not of the desire, and three became Buddha together, and you became the person who saved the whole families of your father's side and the whole families of mother's side.


つづくContinued


本文 Original Text  目次 Table of Contents



by johsei1129 | 2019-04-28 09:32 | WRITING OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)