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日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2018年 03月 03日 ( 2 )


2018年 03月 03日

末法の本仏の立場で法華経二十八品を後継者、日興上人に口伝した書【御義口伝 上】要点解説(33)

【薬草喩品五箇の大事】


第三 雖一地所生一雨所潤等の事 (注)


 御義口伝に云く、随縁不変(注)の起る所の文なり。


妙楽大師云く「随縁不変の説は大教より出で、木石無心の言は小宗より生ず」と。

 此の大教とは一経の惣体に非ず、此の雖一地所生等の十七字を指すなり。

 一地所生一雨所潤は無差別譬、而諸草木各有差別は、有差別譬なり云云。

 

 今、日蓮等の類い南無妙法蓮華経と唱え奉るは、有差を置くなり。

廿八品は有差別なり、妙法の五字(注)は無差別なり。

一地とは迹門の大地、一雨とは本門の義天、一地とは従因至果、一雨とは従果向因、末法に至つて従果向因の一雨を弘通するなり。


一雨とは題目に余行を交えざるなり(注)序品の時は雨大法雨と説き、此の品の時は一雨所潤と説けり。

 一雨所潤は序品の雨大法雨を重ねて仏説き給うなり。一地とは五字の中の経の一字なり、一雨とは五字の中の妙の一字なり。

法蓮華の三字は三千万法、中にも草木なり、三乗・五乗・七方便・九法界なり云云。


(注)
雖一地所生一雨所潤等
薬草喩品の次の文
『迦葉、譬えば、三千大千世界の山川、谿谷、土地に生ずる所の卉木、叢林、及び諸の薬草、種類若干にして、名色各異なり、密雲は弥(あまね)く布きて、徧く三千大千世界に覆い、一時に等しく澍ぐ。其の沢、普く卉木、叢林、及び諸の薬草の小根、小茎、小枝、小葉、中根、中茎、中枝、中葉、大根、大茎、大枝、大葉に洽う。諸樹の大小、上中下に随って、各受くる所有りて一雲の雨らす所、其の種性に称うて、而も生長することを得、華果は敷け実のらん。一地の所生、一雨の所潤なりと雖も、而も諸の草木、各差別あるが如し」

随縁不変
[随縁真如の智と不変真如の理]の事
例えば万有引力の法則は太古から永遠に存在する「不変真如の理」と言える。
この法則を利用して人類は気象衛星を打ち上げ、地上の探査をし、気象予測に役立てている。これは「随縁真如の智」と言える。

妙法の五字
妙法蓮華経の五文字

一雨とは題目に余行を交えざるなり
日蓮大聖人は唯受一人の後継者日興上人に説いた【寿量品文底大事】で次の様に解き明かされております。
『(前略)さて下種の法華経は久遠名字の妙法なり。然れば日蓮聖人本因妙の修行を手本として妙法蓮花経の五字を余行に亘さずして下種し給ふ者なり。一毫未断の我れ等末代嬰児の一切衆生、妙法の名字を聞いて持つ処に即身成仏を遂ぐるなり。誠に我れ等が為に有り難き法相なり。 

若し余行に亘さば一部の法華経なるべきなり。夫れを宗旨の本意とは沙汰せざるなり。

されば一所の所判に末法に入りぬれば余経も法華経も詮無し、乃至妙法蓮華経に余行を交へばゆゝしき僻事なりと遊ばさるゝ此の意なり、秘すべきなり。
南無妙法蓮華経 日蓮 日興記』と。


【御義口伝 上】要点解説(34)に続く






by johsei1129 | 2018-03-03 23:24 | 御義口伝 | Trackback | Comments(0)
2018年 03月 03日

11. Enemy of Buddhism in the life of Nichiren. Ryōkan of Gokurakuji Temple.

               Japanese edition


Gokurakuji was a temple to have very large feudal tenure. Many facilities had been built in the domain.

This temple was built by an offer of Shigetoki Hojou of the third son of second regent Yoshitoki Hojo. Although Gokurakuji left now in Kamakura city is small so as not to be able to imagine former prosperity, there was a scale as if it put a hospital and universities together in those days. The place name of the Gokurakuji town is left still now. Here were 49 buildings of annexes. There was a charity dispensary, the house of medical treatment, even the medicinal bath here.

Shigetoki Hojou invited Ninsho Ryokan as a founder. Ryōkan will meet with the special fate called Nichiren and the confrontation of bringing rain later.

The precincts of the temple became full with refugees. Priests scoop rice porridge with a ladle and give refugees it. The poor people receive it lining up as like saying, "I am thankful".

Many priests did a white mask at the house of medical treatment and examined a patient. Boy monks were nursing at the side.

The person that eyes are sore. There are the coughing woman and leper. The people who suffer from a disease stood in line in a row in turn.

There was the hall which a door was shut up, and could enter in nobody. Only the light of the upper window shines in the hall. Dozens of Buddhist priests calculated with the abacus of the desk here. There were priests who threaded it through a string to the hole of the copper money, gathered it at the side. The boxes of copper money, silks of a gorgeous color were piled up behind them.

Gokurakuji Ryokan widened the commerce along with philanthropy. When a base of the economy is not stable, the philanthropy is not possible. Gokurakuji was not only the religion facilities but also it had the function of the trading company.

Mr. Kenji Matsuo of the Buddhism historian leaves the careful studies of Ryōkan. He describes the Zaimokuza coast which Ryokan had jurisdiction over.


“Wakae Island was also called Iizima Islnad, it was an artificial island, pushed it out from the sea near a foreshore of current Komyo-ji Temple in the Zaimokuza shore and was made. The round stone which was deep-black at the time of ebb tide only outcrops now. Yuigahama beach was not suitable for the arrival at a shore of the big ships such as Chinese ships in Toasa, and Mutsuura, now Yokohama, was suitable for the arrival in port of such a ship.

However, O-Amidabuts of the Nembutsu monk applied to the Kamakura Shogunate on July 12, 1232 saying 'I want to build Waga Ejima to cancel the difficulty of the anchorage'. Regent Yasutoki Hojo of that times admitted it with great pleasure and cooperated with many people.

By the way, the organization of Gokurakuji centered upon Ryokan had played a big role about repairing, maintenance and management of this Wakae Island Island. The historical materials say.

‘The transit duty (rice) of Iizima Island, the construction of the island, and the cruel prohibition of the killing in the foreshore are maintained as in the past. Even in the case of the construction of the island, even in the case of the prohibition of the killing, do severe judgment. About the forbidden matter, this is particularly because it becomes security of the world and lengthens life span. There should be the judgment after the fashion of an example of Bodhisattva Ninsho, Ryokan’. Very truly yours.

February 11, 1349. Signature by Takauji.

To the elder priests of Gokurakuji temple’.

These historical materials ('History of Gokutrakuji') show that Takauji Ashikaga admitted their rule of "a transit duty of Iijima Island, the construction of the island, prohibition of the killing in the foreshore" as before for Gokurakuji on a date of February 11, 1349. In other words, a right to take the rice of the barrier (transit duty) out of the ship which arrived in Iijima (site of Wakaesima Island) was accepted, but it can comprehend that it was compensation of maintenance, the management, and construction of the island of Iijima. In addition, the right to prohibit the killing of the foreshore had been admitted. Besides, such right began from Ninsho so that we understand from an upper bold-face. (Omission) Furthermore, in Gokurakuji, a right to prohibit the killing in the foreshore was admitted. This case is the same as a right which Shomiyo temple had and forbids the fishing of the commoner at the beach and, to the fishermen, is a right to recognize fishing by contributing constant money and goods to a temple. That is why it may be said that Gokurakuji took the control of the fishermen. As a right to prohibit killing in Uji River was admitted for Eison when Eison constructed Uji Bridge in 1286, in this point, it is thought that there were many same cases in the river either which Gokurakuji and the subordinate temple manage.” 'Ninsho. Too Merciful Person'.


We understand enormousness of the economic infrastructure of Ryokan. Influence of the economic activities of Ryokan had been extending even in the times of Takauji Ashikaga after Hojo clan. It was not necessarily an exaggeration that a historian said that the Hojo family ruled the northern half of Kamakura and that Ryokan influenced the southern half.


To be continued to (2)



Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents




by johsei1129 | 2018-03-03 21:55 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)