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2016年 08月 09日 ( 2 )


2016年 08月 09日

Gosho 持妙法華問答抄 Questions and Answers on Embracing the Lotus Sutra

かかる・あさましき捨者(すてもの)の仏になるを以て如来の本意(ほんい)とし法華経の規模(きも)とす、

The Thus Come One now declared as his true intention that these pitiful, abandoned persons could indeed attain Buddhahood, using this as a standard to demonstrate the superiority of the Lotus Sutra.

However, Shakyamuni Buddha’s true intention was to enable these lamentably discarded persons to attain Buddhahood. This is the essential point of the Lotus Sutra.

(これ)()つて天台の云く「華厳大品(だいぼん)も之を()すること(あた)わず、

Therefore, T’ien-t’ai stated: “Neither the Flower Garland Sutra nor the Larger Wisdom Sutra could cure [the plight of these persons of the two vehicles].

For this reason, the Great Teacher Tiantai stated: Neither the Flower Garland Sutra nor the Great Sutra on the Perfection of Wisdom could cure people of the two vehicles.

(ただ)法華のみ有りて()く無学をして(かえ)つて善根を生じ仏道を成ずることを()せしむ

The Lotus Sutra alone was able to produce the roots of goodness in those who have nothing more to learn, and to make it possible for them to attain the Buddha way.

Only the Lotus Sutra enables those even at the stage of arhat to accumulate good causes and attain enlightenment.

所以(ゆえ)に妙と称す、

Therefore, the sutra is called myō, or wonderful.

This is called Myō.

 又闡提(せんだい)は心有り(なお)()(ぶつ)す可し

 Again, the icchantikas, or persons of incorrigible disbelief, nevertheless have minds, and so it is still possible for them to attain Buddhahood.

 The great Teacher also stated: Icchantika retain their heart, and therefore, they have the potential to attain enlightenment.

 二乗は()を滅す心(しょう)ず可からず

 But persons of the two vehicles have annihilated consciousness, and therefore cannot arouse the mind that aspires to enlightenment.

 On the other hand, the people of the two vehicles completely eliminate their wisdom and heart.

 法華能く治す(また)称して妙と()す」と云云

 And yet the Lotus Sutra can cure them, which is why it is called myō, or wonderful.”  

 The Lotus Sutra, however, can cure even this. Again, this is called Myō.



                     つづく continued
本文 Original text 目次 Index


by johsei1129 | 2016-08-09 22:05 | WRITING OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
2016年 08月 09日

Gosho 持妙法華問答抄 Questions and Answers on Embracing the Lotus Sutra

持妙法華問答抄 (じみょうほっけもんどうしょう)

Questions and Answers about Embracing the Lotus Sutra

Questions and Answers on Embracing the Lotus Sutra

    弘長三年 四十二歳御作

    1263 Age:42


如来布教の元旨(かんし)(もと)より()(じょう)の為なり

The reason is that, from the very beginning, the fundamental purpose of the Thus Come One’s preaching was to open the way to enlightenment for the people of the two vehicles.

Originally, the purpose of Shakyamuni Buddha’s propagation was for the people of the two vehicles.

一代の()()・三周の(ぜん)(ぎょう)(しかしなが)ら二乗を(しょう)()とし給へり、

And the methods of instruction used throughout his teaching life, as well as the skillful means exhibited in his three cycles of preaching, were chiefly employed for them.

The sequence of his teachings and the three distinct skilled explanations were focused on them.

されば華厳(けごん)(きょう)には地獄の衆生は仏になるとも二乗は仏になるべからずと嫌い、

In the Flower Garland Sutra, beings dwelling in hell are deemed able to become Buddhas, but voice-hearers and cause-awakened ones are condemned as incapable of doing so.

According to the sequence, Shakyamuni in the Flower Garland Sutra excluded the people of the two vehicles from the attainment of enlightenment, starting that even people in hell could attain Buddhahood, but the people of the two vehicles could not.

(ほう)(どう)には高峯(こうほう)(はちす)の生ざるように二乗は仏の(たね)()りたりと云はれ、

In the Correct and Equal sutras, it is stated that, just as lotus flowers cannot growon the peak of a high mountain, so the people of the two vehicles have scorched the seeds of Buddhahood [and hence can never attain it ].

In the sutras of the Expansion period, Shakyamuni states that just as lotus flowers do not grow in high mountains, the people of the two vehicles parch their seeds of Buddhahood.

般若(はんにゃ)には五逆罪の者は仏になるべし二乗は(かな)うべからずと捨てらる、

And in the Wisdom sutras, we read that persons who have committed the five cardinal sins can attain Buddhahood, but that those of the two vehicles are rejected asunable to do so.

In the Great Sutra on the Perfection of Wisdom, Shakyamuni abandoned the people of the two vehicles by starting that those who have committed the five cardinal sins could attain Buddhahood, but the people of the two vehicles could not.


                    つづく To be continued
本文 Original text 目次 Index



by johsei1129 | 2016-08-09 21:32 | WRITING OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)