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日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2022年 05月 21日

106. Last Precepts of Nikko


Nikko leaves a will one month before death.

 It is the precepts to future disciples. There are 26 articles in all. Anything about these 26 articles is full with adoration to Nichiren who was the former teacher. All these addressed it to followers of future Nichiren.

 There's the essence of Nichiren Buddhism here. Nikko faithfully and constantly served in Izu exile and Sado Island, and strove for propagation in Kai country when Nichiren set up the thatched hut in Mount Minobu. It was as if obeyed the form of the shadow of Nichiren. That's why Nikko was able to leave these.

 It is said that Buddha had ten great disciples. Shariputra who was said to be the leading figure in wisdom, and became the partner of the question and answer of the Expedient Means chapter in the second of the Lotus Sutra. Ananda, the leading figure in memorization who has faithfully and constantly served the Buddha since 27 years old, read the sermon of the Buddha as "This is what I heard" aloud at the Buddhist scriptures concentration after the passing away of Buddha. Furuna was praised as there was not a person to surpass in a sermon except Buddha.

 In a sense, it seems that Nikko had the nature of all the ten great disciples of Buddha.

 The disciples and believers of after ages respect these precepts even now as like a mirror. These are the golden rules of the ten thousand years of the latter day of the Law, and a door of the future’s worldwide propagation, Kosen-Rufu is opened by the disciples and believers maintaining these precepts. Then I write down the whole sentence next.

 “In my opinion, the sun of the propagating in the Latter-Days of the Law lights up the darkness of slander the Law, and the excellent wind of forever 'Life Span' blows off the provisional teachings that the Buddha had attained enlightenment in Buddha Gaya (note). Oh, for example, like a fig which blooms only once in 3000 years, and the hole of the tree of a floating sandalwood in the vast ocean that it is rare to encounter the Law of Buddha, moreover, it may be that these metaphors have not still been enough. Fortunately, we were able to encounter this scripture sutra by thick destiny. Therefore, the reason why I write precepts for the future disciples is in other words to receive the golden words of Kosen-Rufu from the Daishonin.

 1. The doctrine of Fuji should not be different in the least from the propagation which the Daishonin performed.

 2, The doctrine of five monks all differs from the propagation of the Daishonin.

 3, There is a person considering each of the writings of Daishonin to be a forgery and they will destroy and criticize our sect. You must not get close to him familiarly if such an evil priest appeared.

 4, There is a person who makes a forgery, and calls it a writing of the Daishonin, and there is a person who trained himself to equate the essential doctrine and the provisional. You must understand that he is a traitor within the walls.

 5, Without criticizing slander for the Buddha's Law, you must not spend time playing and idle talk and must not like non-Buddhist writing and art.

 6, You must forbid Shinto shrine worship of the believers. Why do they visit the Buddhist temple and Shinto shrine that the evil spirit enters, in an attempt to take a look at, disobeying the Buddha's teachings and with a low talent? I'm really frustrated. This is not doctrine of me totally, but depends on the text of a scripture, the writings of the Daishonin, and so on.

 7, About the disciple who has the talent, you are not allowed to engage in the trivial routine duties of his teacher and must let him learn various teachings including writings of Daishonin.

 8, The populace who is unfamiliar with the study and who wants fame and fortune does not deserve to be my successors.

 9, As long as my believers in the future do not understand the difference between the Lotus Sutra and pre-Lotus Sutra, they must shake off the affection from parents and teachers and they visit this temple and must learn it for moving away from suffering and attaining enlightenment.

 10, You must not study the Tendai teaching without a grasp of Daishonin's doctrine.

 11, In our denomination, you dye sublime writing of the Daishonin into your soul and convey the supreme theory from a teacher, and should hear Tientai if there is spare time.

 12, You must enjoy the discussion and lecture and not mix up public and private matters.

 13, As long as the worldwide propagation does not yet be achieved, you must spread the Buddha's law, according to your ability without sparing your life and body.

 14, In the case of the practitioner like "One's body is insignificant, the Law is heavy", even if he was the Buddhist priest of a low-ranking, you must respect him by the reason of "Showing him the same respect you would the Buddha."

 15, Even if he is a junior, in the case of a Buddhist priest propagating the Law, you should think him to be an old priest with virtue.

 16, Even if he was a vulgar person, you should respect him if he is superior in wisdom than you and treat him as a teacher.

 17, If he differed from the Buddha Law and established a selfish doctrine, even if he was the priest of the top of that time, you must not adopt this.

 18, If it has a difference with the Buddha's Law, even if it was a resolution of large numbers of people, a top priest must defeat this.

 19, Must not make the color of the robe black with a Sumi ink.

 20, You must not wear a robe which seams top and bottom(note).

 21, Must not be in the same seat with people slandering Buddha's law. Should fear complicity.

 22, Must not receive offerings from a person slandering the Buddha's law.

 23, I permit the swords and sticks for the protection of the Buddha's law. But you will not have to hold it at the time of going out. In the case of the populace, should permit this perhaps.

 24, Even if he is a young priest, he must not sit behind a high-ranking believer.

 25, My actions should also be sacred like the Daishonin. However, even if the chief abbot of that time or a priest to learn had a relationship with a woman by mistake, they should be treated as believers of this sect.

 26, You must praise a practitioner who is "skillful in the answer to a difficult question" as Daishonin did.

 The religious precepts are an outline like this. I placed the 26 items here for the protection of ten thousand years. A disciple who will learn this in the future should not have a doubt purposely. A person even to violate only one precept of these ones is not a successor of Nikko. Therefore, the religious precepts I have decided are as above.

 On the 13th day of January of the 3rd year of the Genko era (1333).

Nikko (signature)"

    

 These twenty-six precepts are not Nikko's original ideas. They are only a compilation of the teachings of his teacher Nichiren, and the basis for each article can be found in the writings left by Nichiren. All of these articles are based on Nikko's seeking mind, which said that not a single word of the teachings of Nichiren, the true Buddha of the Latter Day of the Law, should be different. The reason is written in the beginning "The doctrine of Fuji should not be different in the least from the propagation which the Daishonin performed".

Furthermore,

 “14. In the case of the practitioner like "One's body is insignificant, the Law is heavy", even if he was the Buddhist priest of a low-ranking, you must respect him by the reason of "Showing him the same respect you would do the Buddha."

 15. Even if he is a junior, in the case of a Buddhist priest propagating the Law, you should think him to be an old priest with virtue.

 16, Even if he was a vulgar person, you should respect him if he is superior in wisdom than you and treat him as a teacher."

 The strong thought that Nikko entrusted the disciple believer of after ages with is coming from these three articles. These are saying. Without regard to the difference in position or status, those who have mastered the righteousness of their teacher, Nichiren, and are obedient to that righteousness, should be respected as teachers. It conveys Nikko's strong desire that the "Law" established by Nichiren should be the basis of his teachings, which he entrusted to his future generations of disciples and believers.

 “17. If he differed from the Buddha Law and established a selfish doctrine, even if he was the priest of the top of that time, you must not adopt this.

 18. If it has a difference with the Buddha's Law, even if it was a resolution of large numbers of people, a top priest must defeat it".

 These two items embody the principle of "Relying upon the Law and not depending on a person" which Nichiren described in 'Repaying to Favor' definitely.’

 "Rely upon the Law', it means all the Buddhist sutras. 'Not dependent on a person ', it means Manjusri Bodhisattva, Fugen Bodhisattva and the various Buddhist priests and so on other than Buddha."

Nikko's funeral was held on February 8 (The second year of the Shokei era) in 1333. The ceremony of the holy funeral service of this time imitates "the holy funeral service record of the sect founder" that Nikko recorded the ceremony of the holy funeral service of Nichiren by himself. Nichigou, appointed from Nikko as one person of the new six monk, has written the record as "the funeral record of Nikko Shonin", and this is possessed now in the Hota Myohonji Temple.

 It is listed in "the funeral record of Nikko Shonin" that Nichigou writes that a then disciple or believer, for example the three children of Tokimitsu Nanjo, or children of the older brother who died young, of Nikko participated many.

 “The funeral record of Nikko Shonin. ( I add the Buddhist name of the word Nichi).

 The time of the Ox, on February 6, namely the early morning of the 7th, the second year of the Shokyo era.

 Priest Nikko passed away at 88 years old in the Omosu District at the foot of Mt. Fuji in the country of Suruga.

 We placed him in the coffin at the time of the bird, a.m., 5:00 to a.m., 7:00, on the 8th of the same month.

 The order of the funeral service is at the hour of the dog, p.m., 7:00 to p.m. 9: 00, on the same day.

  The torch in front.    The lay priest Sabrotaro..

Next, the tableware.   The lay priest Yataro.

Next, the great treasure flower.  The lay priest Magoshiro.

Next, the flag.      The same person of the above toward the left hand

            Matajiro Izumi toward the right hand.

Next, the lantern     Narai-Sabro Nyudo.

Next, the incense.     Yui Shiro Nyudo.

Next, the bell       Shiro Ishikawa.

Next, the flowers,     Hikohachi Nishiyama.

Next the flowers,     Sabro-Saemonn Nanjo

Same as above      Yoichi Taro Akiyama.

Same as above      Taro Onodera.

Same as above       Magojiro Ishikawa.

Same as above       Daikuro Yui.

Same as above       MagogoroYui.

Same as above       Saemon-shichiro Nanjo.

Same as above       Taro Saemon.

Same as above       Hikojiro Saemon.

Next, the writing desk.   Matajiro Yamamoto Nyudo.

Next, the vase        Yui Yagoro.

Next, the holy sutra     Yoichi Akiyama Nyudo.

Next, the Gohonzon     Saburo Ishikawa.

Next, the portrait image    Goro-Saemon Nanjo.

Next, the trip basket horse.   The lay priest Umaki Saburo.

Next the horse.      The lay priest Sabro Umaki.

Next, the horse.     Yaheiji.

Next, the horse.     The lay priest Kaji.

  Next, the horse to ride.  Gen’nai

Lord Awazi.

Lord Inaba

Left   Nyozyakubo, Nichiman.

Lord Azechi.

Lord Daishin. Nichijou.

Ajari Shikibu, Nichimyo.

The front row  Joren-bo, Nissen.

        Ajari Sanmi, Nichijun.

Lord Omu. Nichiju.

Lord Mino.

Right.    Lord Suou.

Shozenbo.

Lord Owari.

Komatsumaru.

Ko’otomaru.

Takeotsumaru.

Tojumaru.

Inubomaru.

The coffin      Otowakamaru.

         Ushiwakamaru.

         Totramatsumaru.

The duke of Jiju, Niccho.

The duke of Gyobu.

Left The duke of Sanuki, Nichigen.

The duke of Do’en.

The duke of Ajari Nichizen,

The back row  Renzobo, Nichimoku.

         Ajari Iyo. Nichidai.

          Ajari Saisho. Nichigou.

Right Ajari Iga. Nissei.

          The duke of Tayuu,Nichizon.

Daichibo.

          The duke of Omu.

The remainder of the people acted in each.

Next, the canopy.       Sonesuke.

Next, the long sword.    Goro Ogi.

Next, the sword.       Mtajiro Izumi.

Next, the hand.

Next, the bow and arrow. Kosabro Ishikawa.

Next, the bamboo hat.   Okugoro-Jiro Nyudo.

Next, the bag.       Gentaro.

Next, the sandals.       Matajiro.

Next, the clogs.        Tonai Nyudo.

Next, the torch of the back row.  Toshiro Kino.

Distribution of the property omit.

 In February of the second year of the Shokei era, 1333.

 The postscript, as for this funeral ceremony, what the priest Nichigou wrote does not have the mistake.”

 If we examine it from the viewpoint of evidence of documents, evidence of theory and evidence of reality, there is not the question that Nikko Shonin has been the just successor of Nichiren Daishonin, the fundamental Buddha, in the Latter-Day of the Law.

 For example, in "the list of Gohonzon of the handwriting that Nikko gave disciples " which priest Nikko wrote in 1298, it is written Nikko Shonin applied for 66 Gohonzon to Daishonin for the conferment to the disciples and believers. The fact of "receiving a wish and giving" on the conferment of Gohonzon of such Nichiren handwriting is not seen in the five monks at all and can conclude that Nichiren permitted only Nikko it.

 Gohonzon of verified Nichiren handwriting extends to more than 130 to date. Although there are a lot of examples where Nikko Shonin adds a postscript, such as the names of the recipients to these Gohonzon, the example in which the five monks write a postscript does not exist at all. For example, such the postscript of Nikko Shonin is written in the Gohonzon, which was conferred on Abutsu-bo of Sado, it is possessed in Myosenji temple of Sado city now, follows, "Nyozyakubo Nichiman, the boy of Abutsu-bo of the leader in the Sado country Lotus Sutra believer, inherited this".

 


In addition, in the Annotated Lotus Sutra which Nichiren possessed during his lifetime, which is now in the possession of Tamazawa Myōhōgaku-ji Temple, Nichiren himself wrote between the lines of the sutra and on the back of the sutra various related sutras, Tendai Lotus Sutra texts, Gengi, and Makashikan, etc. These are numbered as many as 2,107, but there are three instances in which Nikko Shonin wrote the text himself. In this case a place that five Buddhist priests wrote in is not seen at all.

 Contrary to this example, 'the writing to cogitate in a dream' where Nichiren wrote down the dream that Mongolia leaves for Japan on the back of 'the Rissho Ankokuron' which Nikko Shonin copied is discovered.

 Judging from these facts, Nikko accompanied Nichiren at the time of Izu and Sado exile, and he always had conformed and served, like a shadow snuggled up to the body. Even if we say Nikko had embodied "a teacher and a disciple are not two people", it is not an exaggeration.

 About the case of transcribing of the Gohonzon, Nikko copies 302 scrolled Gohonzon, confirmed now, among lifetime and is conferring it on disciples believers of the same discipline.

 In comparison with this, the Gohonzon, which five monks transcribed have been hardly left. Nichiro is 21scroll, Nissho is 2, Minbu Nikou is only 2. In addition, Niccho severed the ties with Toki Jonin of the foster father in 1293 year of the evening of his life, and went to the Omosu Auditorium Nikko founded and studies under Nikko. In addition, Nichizi goes to Ezo and Karafuto for propagation, and the handwriting of the Gohonzon is not confirmed.

 Nikko remonstrates the attitude of five monks about the Gohonzon, which teacher Nichiren indicated, as follows in 'Well-known facts of the believers of the Fuji sect'.


 “And one more thing. All the five monks say. They have already done it, saying that they must worship a Shakyamuni’s statue as the object of worship. Therefore, there are insisting the person in disciples or the supporters as follows. 'There is the writing about the offerings of the Buddha statue made by teacher Nichiren'. Therefore, they frequently make a building or enshrine a Buddha statue or put Fugen and Monju Bodhisattva as an attendant of a Buddhist statue. So they hang Gohonzon of the saint handwriting on the back of this Buddha statue or put the Gohonzon in the corridor of the temple, and remain indifferent.

 And one more thing. The information that they trace the Gohonzon of the genuine writing and carve it to a woodcut, confer it on the crowd of unbelief, and think lightly of it is transmitted from various places. They are the so-called Minbu Nikou, Nicchou, and Nisshun”.


 The object of worship is Shakyamuni Buddha to the last in the case of the five monks, they “place this in the backside of the Buddha statue in regard to the Gohonzon of the saint Nichiren handwriting."

 The attitude toward Gohonzon of such five men is itself the style of the Ikegami Honmonji Temple where Nichiro became the founder.

 They enshrined the statue of Nichiren into the main hall of the Ikegami Honmonji temple and hung the mandala of the ten worlds of Nichiren handwriting, but put the statue of Buddha as an object of worship before the mandala magnificently. Unfortunately, this quite becomes the best evidence that Nichiro did not understand the fundamental doctrine of Nichiren.

 In addition, disciple Nichiro and Nissho and Minbu Nikou were hardly able to copy the Gohonzon. This is because they did not have the qualification of succession to copy the Gohonzon of Nichiren in the first place. Therefore, it is guessed that they slightly copied by watching someone do it and most of them engrave the Gohonzon of Nichiren expressed into a wood block and print and conferred it on their believers.




(Note)

 

 Buddha who had attained enlightenment in Buddha Gaya.

 It means Shakyamuni attained Buddhahood under the linden tree close to the Gaya Castle for the first time. Antonym of 'the eternal life span'. Gaya is called Buddha Gaya particularly and is the place where Shakyamuni accomplished Buddhahood.

 The hollow of the tree floating.

 It is a parable that it is rare that a person encounters the Law of Buddha so that a tortoise of one eye looks for the hollow of the floating wood of sandalwood in a vast ocean.

 “The orally conveyed the teachings say, hollow has two kinds of a small hollow and a big hollow. The small hollow is the teachings of 40 several years and the big hollow is the title, daimoku, of the Lotus Sutra. Now when Nichiren and his followers chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo aloud, they enter a large hollow of a floating holy tree. The one-eyed turtle stands for all living beings, and the floating tree of sandalwood is the Lotus Sutra. The Lotus Sutra has a floating tree having a large hollow in the vast sea of the sufferings of birth and death.” Chapter Twenty-seven: King of Wonderful Adornment.

 A robe which seamed top and bottom.

 Jikitotsu in Japanese. The robe which binds a jacket and an under robe directly. A kind of the priest's robe. The robe which lets it bind a jacket and an under robe directly. The jikitotsu is used in various sects. It is the canonical robe which has a fold towards below from the waist and is called “Koromo '' generally. Nichiren Shoshu forbids the wearing of the jikitotsu for lack of functionality and they assume only coarse silk of the light gray clothes and wear it. See About the Three Clothes in Our Sect’




by johsei1129 | 2022-05-21 11:45 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
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