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日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2022年 05月 21日

105, A great leader who propagates the fundamental teachings.  

 

山と湖の風景自動的に生成された説明


Mt. Fuji as seen from Fujinomiya.


Nikko establishes six disciples at the end as a successor in the same way as Nichiren of the teacher.

 The name of six people is written as the best disciple in "the list of Gohonzon to a disciple" which Nikko wrote in 1298. In addition, best disciple of Nikko means the superior disciple whom Nikko authorized, and Nikko applies for the conferment of the Gohonzon to Nichiren for Tokimutsu Nanjo either as the best disciple.

 Nikko meets Nichimoku who is the nephew of Tokimitsu Nanjo at 15 years old, in 1274. It was the time when the teacher Nichiren was about 53 years old that built the thatched hut in Mount Minobu. And, on April 8, 1276 these two years later, Nikko made Nichimoku a priest, on the birthday of Buddha.

 Though Nichimoku became a disciple of Nikko openly, Nikko promptly let Nichimoku have always served in Minobu for Nichiren, on November 24 of the same year. Probably Nikko ascertained the ability of Nichimoku, he decided it was Nichimoku who would be able to entrust as successor. It is inferred that Nikko wanted him to follow the same path as himself.

 Nikko wrote that he entrusted Nichimoku with "the propagating Law of Nichiren's lifetime" which was entrusted by the teacher, in "The Articles which should Obey after Nikko,” in January 13, 1333.

 “1. When Honmonji Temple is established, Ajari Nichimoku of Lord Ni`ida shall be designated as the chief of Buddha Law. Nichimoku, as the legitimate successor, should govern half of the temples located in the country of Japan and in the rest of the world, while the remaining half should be managed by the other people.

 2, The Dai-Gohonzon of the second year of Ko'an (1279) Nikko inherited directly is handed down to Nichimoku. It should be placed at the Honmonji Temple.

 3, Taisekiji temple, including the main hall and the cemetery, are administered by Nichimoku, and maintain the premises, and conduct religious service, should await the time of worldwide propagation.

 As mentioned, Nichimoku met Nikko for the first time when he was 15 years old and from the time he believed in the Lotus Sutra until the old age of 73 years, he had not disobeyed in the least. At age of 17, Nichimoku visited Nichiren Daishonin to Mount Minobu in Kōshū Province. Nichimoku faithfully and constantly served for Nchiren Daishonin's last seven years. After our master passed away, Nichimoku devoted himself to remonstrating with the Imperial Court for fifty years, 1285 to 1330. Such achievements are outstanding to those of the other priests. Therefore, I leave this documentary proof for the future.

 The tenth day of the eleventh month

      Nikko”


フェンス が含まれている画像自動的に生成された説明

The Articles which should Obey after Nikko.’ Owned by Fuji Taiseki-ji Temple.


 Nikko wrote down the reason why he determined Nichimoku as the successor, in the last of this writing.

 These words remind us from the next words that Nichiren wrote down the reason that decide Nikko of a successor of 'entrustment to single one only' out of six monks of virtue at the end of "Articles of 106".

 “Among other things I had determined my six disciples before and announced it. This is still not replaced. But it is only one person that pivotal Law is granted promptly and is entrusted. I appointed Byakuren Ajari Nikko as the great leader and have finished entrusting him with justice of Nichiren without even leaving one hair. The leader, following and young disciples should look up to the priest entrusted with Law from generation to generation from Nikko as the chief priest up to the end of the future without an objection as in my days.

 In addition, you must recognize the mandala of the direct line which Nikko inherited as the formal Gohonzon of the main hall even if the Buddhist priests who are the five monks and supporters widen this in all countries including Japan and the whole world. What is the reason? For example, though there were the direct followers like the four major Bodhisattvas and the sixty thousand disciples, Buddha decided Jogyo Bodhisattva as the great leader entrusted with the Law of essence. It is the same again now. Though there are six people and followers, and several disciples, I will determine it as the general who entrusts Nikko with the Law of fundamentals.

 In addition, he played a role as the vanguard, on a day of the banishment of the Kocho year, and at the time of the exile of the Bun'ei year, and during either the period when I received another great persecutions in various places, he acted as like a shadow following the form of Nichiren. Who will doubt this?

 Besides, the origin of the faith of the land steward of Mount Minobu is because Nikko taught him with effort. My retirement is because Nikko has been familiar with Mimaki of the country with Kai.”


 Nikko delivered the doctrine of Nichiren to Nichimoku of the next generation in this way and handed it down to the future generation without running out of a bloodline of succession of the worldwide propagation [Kosen-Rufu]. Besides, Nikko determines six new monks, right before passing away and makes certain of the 'perpetuation of Law' because Nikko lived long 88 years old and lost most of the six monks he appointed. The name of the new six priests is written down in 'Records on the Disciples' which was written by Nissei of the 17th chief priest in Taiseki-ji as follows.

Nichidai (founder of Nishiyama Honmonji temple),

Niccho (the first scholarly chief of Omosu),

Nichido (fourth chief priest ofTaiseki-ji temple),

Nichimyo (second priest of Kitayama Honmonji temple),

Nichigo (founder of Hoda Myohonji temple),

Nichijo (founder of Omosu Nishino-bo).

 Teacher Nichiren called Nikko, "A person who rescued people for ten thousand years and poured the water of the Law into the vase" and also called him " the great leader who was entrusted with the fundamental teachings." A 'pour the water', it means that the person transfers the water of Law for future without wrong in a way to pour the water to the vase.
 A "entrusted the fundamental teachings to", it means the ceremony where Shakyamuni Buddha granted the Law of the essence of the Latter-Days to Jogyo Bodhisattva the leader of innumerable bodhisattvas emerging from the ground in the Lotus Sutra. The Law of Fundamentals is the title of Nam-myoho-renge-kyo.

Nichiren called Nikko a great leader with the Law of essence. There was nothing wrong in Nichiren's judgment. And Nikko Shonin called Nichimoku who was entrusted with his future as “the global highest Buddhist priest.”

 I will write down the next progress of the Hakiri family from now on.

 The Hakiri family, who was also said to be the Nanbu family, was caught up in the battle of the northern and southern dynasties after the Kamakura Shogunate extinction. They took side of the south dynasty of the Godaigo Emperor and fought, but were defeated in the north led by Taka'uzi Asikaga. After unification of the north and south dynasties, too, the Nambu family did not serve the Ashikaga north dynasty.

 In 1393, the Hakiri's clan abandoned all of the feudal tenure at last, and they left for far-off Tohoku. It is the 104th year since Nikko went down the mountain. In addition, there was the clan of Hakiri who protected the Kuon-ji Temple of Mt. Minobu which Nichiren had built, but, in 1527, they were subdued by father Nobutora of Shingen Takeda, and the Hakiri clan of this land was completely ruined. The reason was the crime that Hakiri was secretly connected with Imagawa of Suruga in the neighboring country. "Who spits against heaven, it falls in his face!"

 Nikko left the world at 88 years old on February 7, 1333, 52 years after Nichiren passed away.

 It may be said Nikko had a surprisingly long life when we consider Nikko lived a severe exile place in Izu or Sado with Nichiren and moreover, consider a situation of the times that famine and an epidemic spread all over.

 There were no five monks in the world at this time.

 Most elder Nissho died at 88 years old ten years before Nikko's death. Nichirou died at 76 years old, 13 years ago, and Niccho was 66 years old, 16 years ago, Minbu Nikou ended his life at 62 years old 19 years ago. In addition, Nichizi is thought to have died in Karafuto or Hokkaido.

 On May 1 of the previous year, fighting with the persecution in Atsuhara together, Tokimitsu Nanjo, who could be said to be the friend of Law beyond the relations called a priest and the believer, finishes 74 years of life.

 It is strongly guessed the reason why Nikko was longevity is because there was a mission of making sure of a solid foundation being performed for the fundamental precept platform coming true in the Taiseki Field of the foot of Fuji, the teacher Nichiren's will.

 In 1333, the greatest matters happened together inside and outside.

Takauji Ashikaga revolted against the Hojo shogunate as if having waited for the death of Nikko on April 16. Yoshisada Nitta entraps Kamakura on May 21, and the Hojo clan dies out on the next day. Emperor Godaigo went back to the imperial palace in Kyoto, and, on June 5, a new government of the Kenmu era began. And Nichimoku of the third chief priest who inherited from Nikko on November 15 left for Kyoto for the remonstrating to the emperor, but it was regrettable and entered nirvana into a place of Tarui of Mino country and showed an everlasting example to the disciples of after ages.

 Nikko yearned for Nichiren, the teacher, while falling asleep. Time of 88 years flowed, but, strangely, only the memory of the teacher is left. He met the teacher at 12 years old and received the name of Nikko. Thereafter he followed Nichiren to Kamakura, Izu, Sado, Kai Province as if a master’s shadow. That fruitful day still dwells in his mind.

 When he recalled, master Nichiren changed suffering to pleasure and was the magnificent personality to lead the populace to hope. The happiness that there was near him. This joy does not fade away in eternity for Nikko.

 He was engulfed by sadness at the same time.

 “Oh, when can I meet the saint again?”

 It was said that Shijo Kingo had cried in the sorrow of parting in Tatsunokuchi, Nikko was the same again.

 Nikko prays to the Gohonzon, which was left by the teacher.

 There is the following verse of the chapter of the phantom castle of the Lotus Sutra.

  After the Buddha entry into Nirvana.

  The person who heard these various teachings

  On every land of various Buddhas.

  He will always be born with a teacher.

 It says that the disciple will be born with the master in the same Buddha country in the afterlife and meet him. Nikko engraved this sentence of the sutra on his mind and chanted the title. He prayed earnestly to see the teacher again so that the dry field wanted gentle rain.

 Furthermore, Nikko thinks.

 “Still, how could I have met the master in this world? If the master did not visit the Jissoji temple of Iwamoto at that time, I would not be here now. No, I was able to come across the master in the stream of eternal time surprisingly. It is said that the Law of Buddha performs no miracle, but will there be such a chance again? This is rarer than when a person watches the flower of the fig that blooms once in three thousand years, or when the tortoise with one eye comes across a floating piece of tree in the ocean. I am truly a lucky human!”.

 The night sky of the Ueno district was full of stars. Nikko became one of the stars of the vast universe, staring at himself.


夜空の星雲自動的に生成された説明





by johsei1129 | 2022-05-21 11:43 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
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