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2017年 10月 08日

7. Three Disasters and Seven Calamities (Great disaster attacks Japan) 1

              Japanese edition

Nichiren walks the sunken road.

He took the road which went around Tokyo Bay, passed through Musashi from Kamakura and went to Shimousa.

However contrary to enthusiasm of Nichiren, the wild landscape spread out before him.

Fields are becoming waste.

When looking around, the horse which lost weight is toppling down at the roadside. It was going to starve to death at any moment.

Nichiren bends his brow.

He heard the voice of crying woman carried on wind from somewhere. The plaintive tone seemed to grieve and seemed to bear a grudge. The sound is no trivial matter.

He turn around to the voice, it is moldering house of the farmer alone, is approximately a hundred yard from his place.

Nichiren visited this house as invited.

Opened the door of the entrance a woman who seem mother burst into tears when he looked into the inside.

Nichiren ran up to her.

“What is the matter with you?”.
The woman put hands together seeing a canonical robe of Nichiren. She has been wasting away as if has not eat for days.
"A Buddhist priest, a child just died!".
“I pity you! What name is this child?”.
“This child has not yet name”.
Nichiren kneeled near a child and joined his hands and chanted "Nam-myoho- renge-kyo" several times aloud and mourned for the death of the child.
He asked a woman.
“Where is father?”.
“He abandoned me and left. A thing to eat by this famine ran out and he said he could not live here anymore. I stayed without leaving a child”.
“That's terrible”.
“Besides, a pestilence spread, and the person of the village left, and anyone disappeared”.
Nichiren holds out a rice ball from a basket.

“Good, you eat this and cheer up and should chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo so that this child is born in the country of Buddha in the future life.”

Mother put a rice ball on the mouth of the child while sobbing and continued chanting Nam-myoho-renge-kyo until a figure of Nichiren was out of sight.

Nichiren goes the darker brutal empty bottom.

Smelled strange before long when he continued walking. It was the bad smell he had not yet experienced.

People sat down in the suburbs of the village and seemed roasting a creature. Women and children and an old person cried around there.

When he approached and looked at the incineration place, there were the many human bodies.

“What happened?”.
The answer of the old man who crouched down is feeble.
“Is pestilence. A pestilence is raging around here. This is an order of military governor that bakes the dead person immediately. we cannot finish counting them...”.
An old man pointed him to the hut of outskirts.
Nichiren was amazed to see human skeletons being full in a hut.
He edged back and went down on knees.
“How terrible!”.
A farmer muttered.
“We do not get the crops, and a pestilence spreads. This village is exterminated”.
The earth shook lengthwise at this time. And strong shaking in the transverse direction happened. Is a quite big earthquake. The mountains of incineration matter collapsed, and sparks scattered.
Women and children clung to Nichiren.
Villagers exclaim and escape, and were at a loss.
Nichiren stood firm so that he would not lose against shaking.

The situation did not change even when he returned to Kamakura. Innumerable beggars held a knee on both sides of the sunken road and lined up endlessly. Everybody is dead tired and does not move.
A voice to ask for a alms sounds.
“Show mercy upon me. Give grace to us”.
Nichiren looked around with a hard eye. He was trying to help them, but he could do nothing.
It is said that two sun appeared in the countryside.
The farmer points to the sun in the fields which dried out and grieves.
The shaman put hands together towards the sun.

The spirit of overthrowing the upper class that a samurai gained power was characterized in the Kamakura era, but was the times when great disaster was frequent at the same time.

For example, from 1253 when Nichiren presented 'On Establishing the Correct Teachings for the Peace of the Land', to next year 1254, disasters occur in succession.

A major earthquake in Kamakura on June 10, 1253; a big fire in Kamakura on January 10, 1254; a document of government office of the Shogunate was lost by a gale on May 9, same year; a major earthquake in Kyoto on May 11 same year; a gale and rain in Kamakura on July 1 same year.

Nichiren writes down these disasters in the plural writings repeatedly.

“A traveler arrived and lamented to the host: In recent years there have been ominous occurrences in the heavens, and natural disasters on earth. Famine and pestilence rage in all lands beneath the skies and in every corner of the realm. Dead cattle and horses are everywhere, and human skeletons clutter the streets. Over half the population has already been carried off by death, and there is hardly a single person who does not grieve…They merely exhaust themselves in vain. Famine and pestilence rage more fiercely than ever, beggars are everywhere in sight, and dead people fill our eyes.” On Establishing the Correct Teachings for the Peace of the Land’

“Now we receive reports that this land is beset by various kinds of disasters and see it in fact. From August of the eighth year of Kencho [1256] until February of the second year of Shogen [1260], various disasters such as major earthquakes, strong winds that blow out of season, widespread famines,and great outbreaks of pestilence occurred one after another and continue even today, until it almost seems as though the entire population of the nation will be vanished. Many people have offered prayers in an attempt to alleviate these various calamities, but they appear to have had no result.” On Dealing with Disaster

“At the present time, numerous prayers are offered for the peace and safety of the nation. And yet in the first year of the Shoka era [1257] there was a severe earthquake, and in the second year of the same era, torrential rains and violent winds occurred and the rice plants failed to ripen. I would consider that there are evil teachings that is bringing about the destruction of the nation in this country.”On the Protection of the Nation’

It says the corpse becomes the watchtower, and that it becomes the bridge. This miserable state is not an exaggeration.

Chomei Kamono records a state of the famine of Kyoto in "The Ten-Foot-Square Hut" before 40 years Nichiren is born.

“Time become a long time and do not remember whether it was the time of the Yowa era [1181], but the world had become the famine and, during two years, became terrible surprisingly.

There was a drought in spring and summer, and a gale and flood in autumn. Such misfortunes were continued, the cereals do not all grow. Therefore, there is work only to plow in spring, and to implant in summer, and there is not gaiety to mow rice in autumn, and to harvest in winter. Therefore, a person throws away land, and the people of the countries leave the border and roam, and a person lives in the mountain regardless of his house. Various prayers begin, and mystic rites are performed, but totally have no effect. The people cannot save appearances to rely on everything in the custom of the capital in the country because nothing has been carried. They change various property for food without being able to endure it, but nobody tries to see it. The person changing it by chance underestimates value of the money and respects the value of cereals. The beggars increased on the street, and it was full of the voice of the person who grieved.” from ‘the Famine ofYowa era 1 in the Ten-Foot-Square Hut’

 Chomei describes the state of the major earthquake endlessly after this. A natural disaster let people despair.

The opportunity of the reason why Nichiren gave to Tokiyori Hojo (Saimyoji Nyudo) 'On Establishing the Correct Teachings for the Peace of the Land' it was a major earthquake generated in Shoka era.

 The Imperial Court and the Shogunate did not have no measures for this disaster. A prayer and mystic rites were performed actively, but there is not the results.

They modified the name of an era, but it was without effect.

When the Emperor passes away, modern Japan changes the name of an era. But, as for this time, it was different.

For a natural disaster, a pestilence, a bad crop, it was changed many times. The statesman too was trying to steal out of a misfortune desperately.

By the way, Nichiren is born in the Jo'o era [1222] first year and passed away at 61 years old, but the name of an era is changed 22 times during this period.

It is Gen'nin, Karoku, Antei, Kangi, Jo'ei,Tenpuku, Bunryaku,Katei, Ryakunin, En'no,Ninji, Kangen,Hoji, Kencho, Kogen, Shoka, Shogen, Bun'no, Kocho, Bu'nei, Kenji, Ko'an. Can't remember.

All these name of an era is changed in only 61 years.

The Bun'ei era continued for the longest time in these 22 eras, but was changed only in 11 years.

In addition, the name of an era that continued for the longest time in Japanese history is Showa which continued for 63 years.

For a name of an era, the desire of the statesman to want the world calm is indicated somehow or other.

The people were feeling the strictness of the word of 'the latter day of the Law' strongly in this way.

Continued to Three Disasters and Seven Calamities (Great disaster attacks Japan 2

Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents

by johsei1129 | 2017-10-08 19:29 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Trackback | Comments(0)
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