日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2017年 05月 04日

4 Nichiren Starts Propagation in Kmakura (6)

                      Japanese edition.


Nichiren attacked the Zen Buddhism at the same time. He vividly writes down the figure of the then Zen priest by "'the Question and Answer of Saint and the Foolish Person" that he made a writing in 1268.

“There is a hermit who walk aimlessly like a wormwood and go around the countries as like a floating weed. He comes over before we realize it, and leans against the pillar gate, and he smile, do not talk.We doubt it and ask him a question, but he says nothing at first. When we asked him a question forcibly after this, he says, ‘The moon is dusky, and the wind blows restlessly'. He is different from an ordinary man in both the style and the character and we cannot communicate in the language. It is Law of the Zen of the present if we inquired into.”

 It is said that the Zen priest cannot communicate in a language. The Zen Buddhism is not that awful in the present times, but the teachings are not changed than old time. The contents of teachings share the same roots.

Zen sect also denied all the sutras same as the Nembutsu.The Zen sect says that Buddha gave the essence of the Buddhism to only Mahakashyapa (note) of the disciple of Buddha orally, not by a sutra. Therefore, they say that a text of a sutra does not have the truth, is useless to learn. “To transmit separately from teachings” means this. The persons to tell this hidden doctrine are Zen priests beginning with priest Dharma.
 Nichiren impeaches them with anger.

“The denomination called Zen says 'transmit separately from teachings', and they say that Buddha whispered to Mahakashyapa outside all the sutras secretly. Therefore, they say that the person learning all sutras without knowing the Zen is like a dog biting thunder and resembles a monkey waiting the moonlight. Hence, they were left by parents in Japan because they were unfilial. Because it was rude, they were made to expel from a lord. Or young Buddhist priests neglect study. This is because Zen is evil doctrine suitable for the abnormal nature of the harlot. Everybody became a priest all and, as a result, they became the locust which eat the farmer of the country in this way. Therefore, Heaven angers his eye, and the god of earth waves his body.‘the Selection of Time.’

Nichiren says that the person who causes slight faiths and entered the road of Buddha become a pest devouring the expense of the country. Therefore, when Zen Buddhism happened, the people who easily shaved their hair for becoming the priest appeared one after another. The person who does not have the judgment without having no knowledge, and training himself behaves like a learned and virtuous priest. Becomes arrogant not to speak of such a human being. There is not even the common sense like being pointed out by Nichiren.
 “The Zen sect today generally violates the five constant virtues of benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and faith. To honor the wise and virtuous, to respect the elderly, and to love child are recognized as Law in the scriptures of Buddhist and non-Buddhist. However, the Zen priests were no more than the uneducated clowns or barbarians, and unable to distinguish black from white, until yesterday or the day before. But now that they have donned priestly robes, they have become so conceited that they belittle the learned and virtuous priests of the Tendai and Shingon sects, observe none of the proper manners and hope they rank higher than all others.
 These people are inferior to an animal.

Great Teacher Dengyo says in the explanatory note.
 'The otter shows a respect to an ancestor by offering up the fish it has caught, the crow in the forest gives food to its parents and grandparents. The dove perches under than three branches from its parents, wild goose flies without disarranging the lines formed, and lambs kneel to drink their mother's milk'. He asks: even lowly animals conduct themselves with such propriety, why can human beings be lacking in courtesy? Above is summary. It is natural that the Zen priests are confused about Buddhism doctrine. They do not even know the morals of human beings. Is this not conduct of the devil or monster?" ‘Letter to Niike’

There is a legend that the otter displays the fish which they caught for New Year holidays carefully and worships ancestors. The crow living in the forest carries bait so that the parent and the grandparents who brought themselves up do not starve and repays a love. It is said that the dove perches on the branch under three than a parent bird. It is well known that a wild goose does not break a line. The child of the sheep lowers the head at mother and swallows up the milk. They follow etiquette, and even an animal is dutiful to its parents in this way. Nichiren said that it was lower than a beast to exclude this.
 Then why did Zen spread in this time?
 The reason is quite clear. This was because powers-that-be believed.
The powers-that-be is regent Tokiyori Hojo. It may be said that Tokiyori was the emperor who already ruled over Japan. Both the real Emperor and the commander-in-chief of the expeditionary force existed, but it was only Tokiyori that samurais prostrated themselves.
 He invited Doryu Rankei of the Zen priest from Soong. Nichiren is 25-year-old times. Tokiyori founds Kenchoji Temple in 1253 seven years later and invites Doryu. Nichiren do declaration to establish the denomination in Awa in the same year. Furthermore, Tokiyori became the lay priest three years later and was given the Buddhist name with Dosu-Kakuryobo. It is such the considerable adoration. The person according to Tokiyori made Zen meditation one after another. The fame of Doryu became high tempted by this, too, but Nichiren saw through him.

“I, Nichiren knows this and often says the mistake of both priest and common person of Japan, this is the present evil, but becomes good fortune of the posterity. But the priest and common person of Japan know his behavior, they respect him for fear of authority and seem to neglect him at their mind”. 'Letter to the lay priest of Yagenta'.
 Although it was said that the Zen Buddhism has spread out among samurais, it was such a condition in fact. Nichiren who lived in the same times says more.

“As for breaking the manners and religious precepts of Kenchoji and Engakuji Temple, a big mountain seems to collapse, and the wildness of their behavior resembles a monkey. It is fruitless to think that a person is helped in future, holds a service for them”. Letter to Niike’.

Tokiyori built Kenchoji Temple, and Tokimune of the son built Enkakuji. Although both temples exist now, Nichiren declares that is silly to think being born to the good place in next life, and hold the service for the both temples.


        Continued to Shijo Kingo appears


Life of Nichiren Part 1 contents


Note

Mahakasyhapa

Also, known as Kāshyapa. A son of Nikuridha of Rich Person. One of the major ten disciples of Shakyamuni Buddha, he was known as the foremost in ascetic practices. At the assembling seat in ‘the 6th Chapter, Bestowal of Mark' of the Lotus Sutra, he received a prophecy of Tathagata of Light. After passing away of Shakyamuni Buddha, he received protection of Ajatashatru and became the chairperson of the people who is collecting Buddhist sutras. And he gathered up sutras with more than 500 arhats at the Cave of Seven Leaves of the south in the Royal Palace Castle of Magadha country while more than a half year. In addition, he spread Hinayana as the first successors of the Buddha Law for 20 years.

Great Teacher Dengyo

From 767 to 822. It is Saicho who became the initiator of the Japanese Tendai sect early in the Heian era. He became a priest at 12 years old and received complete commandments in Todaiji Temple in AD 785, and although he came back to the hometown once, he entered Mt. Hiei afterwards and built the thatched hut and mastered the Buddhist sutras and theory. He named the thatched hut as Enryakuji Temple in 788 years and again he changed this name to the Temple of both Concentration and Insight to One Law in 793 years. He contended the superiority and inferiority of more than ten denomination and doctrine such as Avatamska sect, Law Surface sect, the Three Logical sect, in Takao Temple in AD 802. He visited Tang in 804 years and learned the doctrines of Tendai, Zen and Shingon and the next year he went back to Japan and established the Tendai sect in 806 years. He became the priest protecting the Emperor Saga in 813 years and continued an effort of the Mahayana Sanctuary realization that the old Buddhist sects object to. The Imperial permission of the Mahayana Sanctuary was granted on June 11 of the seventh day after he died.

 Nichiren Daishonin appreciated this Mahayana Sanctuary highly. Daishonin praises him. "He united all the people of the Law of Buddha into one Law. This mind is surpassing Nagarjuna and Vasubandhu and seems superior to Nanyueh and Tientai.” (Selection of Time) . His disciple is Gishin, Encho, Zikaku. His book is three volumes of "Excellent Phrases of the Lotus Sutra", three volumes of "Article to Express Religious Precepts", a majority including "The Regulations for Students of the Mountain School".
 In addition, Nichiren Daishonin states, “The Great Teacher Tientai long ago was the name called Medicine King in the Gathering at Eagle Peak, next, he was born in China in the name called Tientai and he appeared again in Japan in the name called Dengyo. And their three propagations are called marvelous Law together.” ‘Establishing the Correct Method of Contemplation



by johsei1129 | 2017-05-04 22:30 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)


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