日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2017年 06月 25日

3 Nichiren Declares the Establishment of True Buddhism in the Hometown on Readiness.(1) 

               Japanese version

        

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From Biography of Nichiren Daishōnin


Rencho arrived at Kominato of Awa in the hometown.

He feels nostalgic about the smell of the tide of sea.

Rencho walks the slope of the mountain.

He saw there was the Seichōji Temple uphill.

There were Buddhist priests of the child. Probably they would get tired of the cleaning of the door front, because they forced the leaf which they collected each other.

Rencho called to them smilingly.

“Hey, you must not quarrel.”

Boys suspected a priest to call to intimately, but noticed it before long.

“Possibly, is it Mr. Renchō?”

When Rencho nods, boys run in a hurry to the main hall of the temple.

He entered the precincts of temple.

His parents, Doenbo, Jokenbo, Gijobo, O’ama meet him.

Rencho greeted them with a broad smile.

"I , Rencho, just have returned from the Enryakuji Temple."

Umegiku of mother is already filled with tears and was going to call to a child, but words fail her. Dozenbo put hands together seeing the figure of the smart and manly Rencho unintentionally.Nun O'ama smiled like seeing the growth of her child. Jokenbo and Gijobo of the senior disciple met Rencho who has grown up and become really big, with dazzling eyes. And boys are looking from the back of adults with interest.


Night has advanced, and a banquet began.

A boy hits the hand drum.

Rencho sat down at the head of the table, and Dozenbo and O'ama sat down on his both sides. Enchibo, Jokenbo, Gijobo and other priests of Seichoji temple lined up on the left side and Mikuni Tayu of father, Umegiku of mother and believers of the Seichoji lined up on the right side. Everybody talks with a smile in admiration that Rencho grew up magnificently.

Mikuni Tayu was proud of praise to Rencho from all, and there was the feeling embarrassed, too. Umegiku was just glad that Rencho came back to the Seichoji safely.

On the other hand, Rencho was thinking about the tomorrow's first sermon with the eyes which occasionally looked at the long distance.


The next morning, the precincts of temple were still dark.

Dozenbo looked in the room of Rencho so that he shares a religious service of the morning, but he cannot see Rencho.

He asked a boy monk.

“Where did Rencho go to?”

"Yes, he already said that he went to the Kasaga forest and went out."


There was the hillside which could look around the Pacific.

Kasaga forest was going to greet morning, but it is still dark.

There was a sea of the large Pacific large just ahead of Rencho.

The eastern sky is lightening.

Light sparkles beyond the horizon subtly.

It was the morning of 28th in April, 1253. The sun which did not change during several billions of years shined now and rose.

Rencho chants it with a vibrant voice to the universe.

“Nam-myoho-renge-kyo, Nam-myoho-renge-kyo. Nam-myoho-renge-kyo.”


                Contunued


Life of Nichiren Part 1 contents



by johsei1129 | 2017-06-25 00:25 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 24日

2 People of Seichoji Temple of the Hometown (3)

                      Japanese version


Renchō left Kamakura and aimed at Mutsura, present Yokohama at that time. This is because it gets into a boat. A ship arrived at Awa early and comfortably than person goes around around Tokyo Bay on foot.

But it was cumbrous that there was the checkpoint on the way.

People crowded in front of the checkpoint.
Travelers take out money and pay it to a government official. The person without the money held out brown rice. This checkpoint was built just recently. Therefore, all the people were getting angry.

A priest was chatting with a samurai in the hall of the checkpoint.

That priest wears a poor priest robe, but he gains weight a little and looks healthy.

He was called the name Ninshō, and a popular name was called Ryōkan.

He is from Yamato. He climbed Mt. Shigisan at 10 years old and trained himself. At the age of 17, he received the religious precept at ordination hall of Tōdaiji Temple. He studied under famous Eison as a distinguished priest about Shingon Religious Precept sect and, at the age of 24, became a priest. And he went to the Kantō district in 1252 and entered Kamakura in 1262 and spread Religious Precepts Sect.

This Buddhist priest receives strong trust of the Shogunate. Gokurakuji temple is founded in 1259 by Shigetoki Hojou of the third son of second regent Yoshitoki Hojo, and Ryokan becomes the founder.

Ryōkan is unique.

Ryokan was managed this checkpoint. It is unexpectedly that a priest managed the means of transportation, but a priest was engaged in the administration of such facilities mainly in those days.

It is not still long since becoming the world of samurai. The Shogunate which Hojo leads is not stable in its finance. Samurais spent all their time with battle until now. They do not have senses of economy at all. Even if they were good at the struggle, the ability for rule was no match for the court noble. The public works projects to build a bridge and the road are impossible in this. Therefore, priests who belonged to an educated class, and with abundant financial power played a key role, and the maintenance of the country was pushed forward.

The center of the politics is Kamakura, but the economy is Kyoto at that time. It was priests from Kinki to have grasped a fund of Kyoto.

Ryokan gained the favor of the Shogunate by the abundant fund again and strengthened power. What we think he is from Todaiji is a large-scale fundraising activity for the rebuilding of the Great Buddha of Nara which was performed 70 years ago. He from Todaiji Temple learned this collection system of money and came over to Kanto.

The person that Ryokan was talking with was Shigetoki Hojo. He is a strong believer of Nembutsu. His father is Yoshitoki Hojo who built the prosperity of the Shogunate.

Therefore, Shigetoki controlled an important post of the Shogunate for granted. Nagatoki, his child, became the regent after succeeding Tokimune. It was famous lineage among Hojo.

Shigetoki took a cup in satisfactory mind while looking at the standpoint.

Government officials of the barrier carried a large quantity of money, the Sung Coin which imported from China (note), which they collected from passersby. The copper money has a hole midmost. Government officials thread this hole with a string and make by 1000. These 1000 pieces were called one kan in those days. One kan is 180 liters of rice, and the then value of money is approximately 50,000 yen in the present. Money called thousands kan was piled in heaps in this way. The rice was piled up like a mountain, too. The people called this "the rice of the barrier of Mutsura".

Ryōkan and Shigetoki Hojo talk peacefully.

Shigetoki was pleasant.

"Gee, you thought carefully. To make a barrier, and to collect rice and money. A country samurai cannot think of anything. It is a good idea!”

Pot-bellied Ryōkan begins to talk to Shigetoki in a tone to persuade.

"Kamakura needs public works more. This method helps the finance of the Shogunate, and it becomes the happiness of a poor person if we collect tax from people thinly widely in this way. It comes true on the way of Buddha to teach in our religious precept sect in this.”

Shigetoki gets moderately drunk.

"I am thankful. Because the ascetic practices of the Ritsu sect have only to follow religious precepts, it is easy."

Ryōkan answered.

""I believe that our denomination is one united body with the Shogunate. If there is a ruling class, there is a priest. I devote myself to the Shogunate in this way, but there is a trouble that a temple of Kamakura is slightly small now. Lord, thank you in advance

It was so. In fact, there is a plan to build the temple on my land of Kamakura. The temple is called Gokurakuji. I am seeking a priest now.”

"That is the good true story. It will lead to prosperity of my lord if you leave the temple to me.”

Shigetoki nodded for a proposal of Ryokan as having had thought came true.

There was Renchō in the line of the traveler sullenly at the entrance of the barrier. He took out the money from the bag and offered it to the officials.



    continued to 'Nichiren Declares the Establishment of True Buddhism in the Hometown on Readiness.'


table of contents Part 1


note

North Sung coin (three pieces on the left) south Sung coin (others)

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by johsei1129 | 2017-06-24 17:38 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 22日

2 People of Seichō-ji Temple of the Hometown(2)

                   Japanese version


At that time, they could hear people's voice of the front gate.
"Did Rencho return home?"
Ō'ama was restless.
All members proceed to the entrance hall.
Buddhist priests of the temple are quarrelling with samurais who rode a horse at the door front.
One of the samurais, Kagenobu Tojo of the land steward was staring with a fearless look.
He is a guest who has not invited. Disappointment clouded their features.
Kagenobu Tojo looked down all people of the Seichoji Temple.

“Well well! Everyone of the Seichoji temple, you are all together here, are not you? I thought today to decide the longtime land dispute and came over.”

Young Jokenbo glared at Kagenobu and criticize. He is a senior disciple to Renchō.
“Dear Tojo, what do you say? You are not permitted the selfish behavior in this temple despite a land steward.”
Kagenobu looked the other way.
"I manage this whole area. I am ruling this land by the instruction of Kamakura shogunate that is leader of the samurai family."
Likewise, the senior disciple Gijobo rebutted with determination.
"It is effective on the land which the land steward rules over. Your control is powerless against this temple.”
Kagenobu do not hear in silence. He retorts to Gijobo under the shelter of shogunate's influence.

"However, it is a fact that there are some people against Kamakura. It is what is not permitted that old-fashioned temples behave selfishly.”
This issue is about the crisis of the Seichoji temple. Jokenbo hunt down Kagenobu without flinching.

"You appeal to Lord Kamakura if so and should decide which is right!"

Dozenbō could not bear to see the fight between his disciples and land steward and stepped in between them.

"Steward Kagenobu, actually, the person who is called Rencho of my disciple finished long ascetic practices in the Enryakuji Temple and will return here today or tomorrow. We are busy with preparations to invite him to now. Excuse me, but it is not quarrelling time now."

Kagenobu was fearless.

“Well. I come again sometime soon, but you should prepare. If you have the slightest an unpardonable thing, I come to control you."

Kagenobu went away horseback.

In opening up the Kamakura Shogunate, Minamoto Yoritomo dispatched the samurai to his ruling place and set up land stewards and governors. Although he entered the ruling area, it was not the whole country but the eastern area from Kinki, and in addition it was out of the territory of the temple.
However, the fight of the boundary line happened consistently when a land steward was installed next door of the territory of the temple.


               continued to (3)


table of contents Part 1




by johsei1129 | 2017-06-22 07:17 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 18日

2 People of Seichō-ji Temple of the Hometown(1)

                  Japanese version   


There was Awa country on the south edge of present Chiba Boso Peninsula.

The sunlight seemed to be subtropical.

The temple in the middle of the mountain, Seichoji was looking down the Pacific Ocean.

Unlike the capital here, there is calmness. In the temple, the little monks were sweeping out the wide gate.

A laughter sounded at the auditorium of Seichoji Temple.

The statue of the Bohisattva Space Treasury, the principal worship, is being enshrined in the auditorium. People waiting for the return of Renchō were in this auditorium.

Tayū Mikuni is the father of Renchō, mother is Umegiku-nyo, Nun O'ama of the believer from old times, Dozenbo of the chief priest, Jokenbo of the disciple, Gijobo and others were sitting down in a ring .

Nun Ō'ama is a strong supporter of this temple. Dozenbo is the teacher of Renchō. Gijobo, Jokenbo are the senior disciple of Renchō. Everyone knows Renchō from childhood.

Obliging Nun O'ama talks smilingly.

" Renchō was really a smart child. Everybody was to know, but I had favored Rencho since he was young. It is already 12 years with an early thing. It will be that he certainly became an excellent priest."

O'ama was a widow of Hojo Tomotokiin that was the founder of the Nago'e line of Hojo clan. Tomotoki’s older brother is Yasutoki Hojo who is famous as a great politician. Nun Ō'ama was rooted in this land by the relations that her husband was the feudal lord of Awa..

She is willing to care people, and favored parents and child of Renchō and provided mental and material support.

Tayu Mikuni humble lower his head to O'ama whom he met after a long absence.

"Rencho became a priest by help really of Mrs. O'ama in this temple and was able to train himself in the Enryakuji Temple. I would like to thank you again as a father."

Umegiku of mother loaded it with thought of the repayment of kindness to similarly Rencho growing up, and coming back to the Seichoji temple safely and lowered the head to O'ama.

"I was impatiently waiting Rencho became an excellent priest and came back to this Awa. Besides, there is not such a happiness as mother to listen to sermon of Rencho in this temple which he climbed at 12 years old. "

O'ama talks to Dozenbo of the aged chief priest.

"He seemed to have done considerable ascetic practices in a famous temple with a venerable history of Kyoto and Nara such as Shitenno-ji Temple or Yakushi-ji Temple including Mt. Hiei-zan. I am unbearable by pleasure what kind of sermon he does."

Dozenbo has begun to talk artlessly.

"Who knows? Rencho surely surpassed it in a childhood in this temple, but how did it fare with him in Enryakuji temple where the cleverest boy of the countries gathered? Because the lotus head has obstinate character, I am slightly uneasy what kind of sermon he does.”

Dōzenbo looled after Renchō from 12 years old to 20 years old and brought him up. He is existence like second father.

Nun Ō'ama begins to chuckle.

"Hey, Dozenbo's anxious mind began again."

All members had contagious grin.

It was peaceful atmosphere, but there was the person who was not glad of Rencho coming home.

Old priest Enchibō and Dōgibō whispered at the corner of the temple.

“Rencho is worthless. After all, he came back to the original country temple without making a success in life in a temple of Kyoto however he trained himself in Mt. Hiei-zan. He can do nothing. If Rencho intends to succeed Dozenbo, this is a perfect scream.

"Dozenbo of faintheartedness may think that his one supporter increased, but this Seichoji is under the control of us.

They chuckled.

There is the power struggle in world of any place.

Enchibō and Dōgibo were influential people of the Seichoji Temple. Especially Enchibō bowed three times for one character in the Seichoji and spent three years writing the Lotus Sutra [note], and he memorized ten text of the Lotus Sutra. And it is said that he had read two texts of the Lotus Sutra in single night a day during 50 years. The masses of the temple praised that Enchibō is sure to become the Buddha. Therefore, he was arrogant. He was ruling Seichoji Temple with Dōgibō. There, the young monk who returned from Mt. Hiei has appeared. They cannot feel interesting.


             continued


table of contents Part 1



[note]

Lotus Sutra

"Sad Dharma Pundarika Sutra" (The sacred book which is clean and mysterious like a white lotus flower) in Sanskrit.

As for the translation in Chinese, 16 kinds have been conveyed including partial translation and a different book, but three books exist with complete form. Among them, because the translation of Kumarajiva spread most widely, in general speaking of the Lotus Sutra means his translation.

The reason why Buddha assumed the symbol of this sutra a white lotus flower is because a lotus flower blooms from mud unlike other trees and plants. Because this makes a clean large white bloom without being stained with mud meaning worldly desires, it is said that shows the idea that worldly desires are in themselves enlightenment. In addition, the lotus flower symbolizes that cause and effect are simultaneous together because it let fruit (underground stem) bloom at the same time. The place of origin of the lotus flower is India, and it is thought that a lot of lotus flowers grew in the area that Shakyamuni Buddha propagated.

The Lotus Sutra in the Latter Day of the Law is Nam-myoho-renge-kyo of the three great secret of the Law, Nichiren Daishonin preached it.

Now, in this age of the Latter Day of the Law, neither the Lotus Sutra nor the other sutras have the power to save the people. Only Nam-Myoho-Renge-Kyo can lead all people to Buddhahood. This is not just my own interpretation. It is the judgement of Shakyamuni Buddha, Taho Buddha and all the Buddhas in the ten directions as well as the innumerable Bodhisattvas of the Earth.”  ‘The Teaching for the Latter Day of the Law’

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by johsei1129 | 2017-06-18 22:35 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 17日

1, Journey to Home (3)

                  Japanese version


Rencho went to the east along the shore and came to the execution grounds of Tatsunokuchi (the mouth of the dragon).

He could see Enoshima Island.
High-rise buildings line up and are full of a surfer and tourists now, but there was a execution place in those days. Even now, human bones that are supposed to have been executed have been found near here.

People were gathering here.

A sinner was brought to Tatsunokuchi..

There was a hole in the center of the sandy beach for cutting off the neck.

The official tells a crime sentence.

"This person committed a theft in Kamakura and, besides, murdered a person. The crime is not light. Although each place is famine, and food is scarce, this is behavior unworthy of the resident of the capital. Therefore, we behead him.”

The officer of beheading drew a sword bluntly.

The sinner who had been quiet until now has acted violently as soon as blindfolded.
"No, please help me, I do not want to die."
The officials surround sinner, suppressed him, and push his neck into the hole.
The sinner shook his head.
The officer chanted "Namu-Amida-Butsu", cutting off the sinner's neck with a single blow.
The scream of the crowd broke out.


Rencho stayed overnight at a temple of his relationship and walked the downtown of Kamakura again.

He visited the temple belonging to the Zen sect.

A dozen samurai is sitting with crossed legs for meditation (note).

The Zen Buddhism was popular among samurais explosively mainly in those days.


A Buddhist priest walks around the room with a warning stick calmly.


The priest hits the right shoulder of the samurai who was about to sleep with a warning stick.


The samurai blushed unintentionally, and he joined his hands and inclined the neck to the left and opened the right shoulder. A Buddhist priest strongly hit the right shoulder with a warning stick this time. After the samurai was beat with a warning stick, he joined his hands, and had lowered the head, and he raised his head and stretched out the back and came back to the original posture.


Rencho watched it through the window.

Rencho felt the force that Zen Buddhism spread out among Kamakura samurais in this way with skin.


Renchō passes Wakamiya main street.
It is a gentle uphill slope.

There was Tsuruoka Hachiman Shrine in the distance.

Yoriyoshi Minamotono of the leader of the second generation of Kawachi Genji erected the Hachiman shrine. Yoriyoshi invited a divided god from Iwashimizu Hachiman shrine of Kyoto to the Yui volost of Kamakura and built a Shinto shrine and assumed it a tutelary deity of Genji.

Since his descendant Yoritomo subjugated the Kantō Region, Hachiman became the god of all the samurai. Therefore, anyone of the samurai according to Genji admired Yahata.

"Travel to East", a travelogue of the same era as "Records of Sea and Road", briefly describes the origins of Hachiman Shrine.

“In the first place the origin of this Kamakura is that a person said to be Yoritomo of the late right side general was born in the house of the samurai as a descendant for the ninth generation of the Emperor Seiwa. Because Yoritomo won to a rebel against the Imperial government with a soldier of the loyalty in the days of an end of the Jisho era, a reward from the Imperial Court was given frequently, and he was appointed a general. Because Yoritomo established the Shogunate on this land and built a temple and a Shinto shrine in this place, it became the land which is prosperous like now. Especially in the Hachiman shrine of Tsuruoka, green of pine and oak grows steadily, and there is no time when the offerings to god will end. The concert of the four seasons is held after the musical instrument performers are determined, and in August a festival is held to release living things by the appointed official. The ceremony worshiping God is said not to be different to Iwashimizu Hachiman shrine of the main."


The gentle straight road continues from Hachiman shrine to the sea.

The group mounting a horse come down quietly from Hachiman Shrine on this road.

The person who is riding a horse is Tokiyori Hojou and is Tokisuke of the eldest son and Tokimune of the second son. A vassals follows after them.

Tokiyori is the regent of the Kamakura shogunate. He was only 27 years old.

The regent was lower-ranking than a general of Kamakura apparently. However, the general after Yoritomo became a puppet, and Hojo having the armaments was holding power. Therefore, it might be said that Tokiyori of the regent was the real king of Japan.

Father and children proceed leisurely through Wakamiya Main Street.

The roadside crowd avoid the road and lowered heads.

"That person is Dear Ms. Saimyoji Temple."

Tokimune became a priest at the Saimyoji of the Zen temple. People called him Saimyoji Temple.

Seven years old Tokisuke approaches his father's horse. He shows an expressions that he grieves over the world in spite of being a boy.

"Dad, is it true that you will quit your regent?"

Tokimune replies.

" I do not intend to yet leave it. But I managed the Shogunate, and a decade already passed. That might be the right time soon.

Tokimune of the younger brother approached following an older brother. Tokimune was only 5 years old. The expression of Tokimune was naivete unlike Tokisuke.

"Dad, now it is not time to retire. There are many people who criticize Hojo yet. The Shogunate is safe if father is there."

His brother Tokisuke explicitly had a bad face on him.

These brothers are born of different mothers. And it may be the nature of the lineage of Tokiyori. They bared emulousness in everything.

Tokiyori laughed.

"Do not worry, I am arranging for your future"

Father and children drove a horse fast.



Continued 2 People of Seichoji Temple


table of contents Part 1


Note

crossed legs for meditation

The holiest how to sit down in Buddhism. Riding in combination both legs on both thighs.This how had been used in the sitting image of Buddha. It was performed as how to sit down at the time of the posture of contemplation.




by johsei1129 | 2017-06-17 16:22 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 13日

1, Journey to Home (2)

                       Japanese version


The scenery of the plowed field broke off, and a row of houses came to continue.

Kamakura became near. The pedestrian traffic increased, too. The shout of the vender sounds.

The daughter who dressed up bewitchingly appeared. She exposes a chest and exposes a thigh and approaches Rencho.

It is a harlot. She was also called 'towari'. In this period, harlot is respected occupations. They were in the stage town by all means.

The state in Odawara of the stage town is pictured in "the road of a spring deep mountain" of the then account of a trip.

“When a day went down, we arrived at inn of Sakawa, but as usual, women and woman divers called us in a loud voice with young harlot.”

There is still the place name of Sakawa in Odawara city, Kanagawa.When the day went down, the Rencho arrived in Sakawa, but local women make noise to take the visitor with a harlot forcibly as always. It is a lively scene.

A pretty daughter talked to Rencho.

"Heavens!, a young monk. Where do you go to?"

Renchō answers.

“I go to the country of Awa.”

The daughter took Rencho's hand suddenly.

“Will not you take me to Kamakura? My husband is in Kamakura. I have become such a status because of a serious reason, but if I enter Kamakura, I can return to original couple. Please with me. "
Even if Rencho get entangled in a harlot, he do not give a dirty look. He stared at the daughter in silence, and thought the future of this woman.

If Kyoto is the base of the court noble, Kamakura is a center of the samurai family. The public security is severe. It is impossible that a mere harlot enters.

The woman opened the lovely lips.

“Buddhist priest, do you think that I tell a lie? "
An elderly woman appeared at that place and soothed the young woman.
“Hey. You must not tease the monk.”
The older woman apologized to Renchō.
“Excuse me. This young daughter is having a hobby that wants to get along if watching a man.”
 Rencho was smiling to hear the exchanges of the conversation of the people in the stage town after a long absence.

“Please do not worry. I felt all the things to watch are unusual because I had trained myself a long time in a mountain. I talked to a woman after a long absence.

Women burst into laughter.

"Indeed!, what a honest Buddhist priest"

Rencho nodded and left.

The women who had been laughing until now greeted him and immediately caught samurai passing by and began to invite.


Renchō came to the entrance of Kamakura.

Kamakura is facing the Pacific in the south, and the north and the east and west were the fortress-like land surrounded by mountains.Therefore, in order to enter Kamakura, people had to go through the sunken road (note) that were dug deep so that one horse could go.

A crowd is in confusion at the entrance of the sunken road.

A samurai of the guard stood right and left and checked the appearance of the passerby.

The samurai obstructed Rencho who was going to pass with a sword.

“Stop. What is your name?”

“My name is Zeshobo Renchō, a monk in Seichō Mountain of Awa.”

“Awa? So do you intend to pass through this Kamakura?”

“Really. I trained myself at various temples including Mt. Hiei during approximately 20 years. And I mastered the Law of Buddha and intend to return to the mountains in hometown.”

"What is the denomination? After all is it Nembutsu?"

Renchō shook his head.

"Then, are you the Zen Buddhism that is popular among samurais now?"

Renchō shook his head again.

Well, are you religious precept sect of dear Ryokan who is praised in Kamakura recently? Or are you Shingon that a noble priest advocates?"

"I am neither of them."

Samurai doubted.

"Stupid. Where the monks of the other sects are in this Japanese country? Well, are you not a fake monk? If that is true, I will not let you go through. "

Renchō said with calm eyes.

"I was able to gain the ultimate truth of the Law of Buddha by the ascetic practices of twenty years. I preach it in the Seichoji temple of the hometown and would like to repay the favor of parents and the teacher."

"What is the ultimate Law of Buddha?"

"It is the Lotus Sutra."

The samurai says.

"What! The Lotus Sutra. I hear it for the first time. Is it not Nam-Amidabutsu?."

Renchō shakes his head again.
"It is a provisional teaching. It is not true teaching of Buddha."

The samurai grasps a sword.
"You are a more doubtful guy. I cannot let you go through."

Rencho watched it and he answered calmly till then, but swore with strong condition to a samurai.

"If you do not let passing through the person who would let the country prosperous, convey true teaching of Buddha and relieve people, you receive a ticking off to Buddha, and the future life falls into the hell. If you do not mind, you need to prepare! "

Renchō and samurai stared at each other.

The samurai had intended to test Rencho. He grinned and let Rencho go through.


Renchō entered Kamakura.
There is a market.
There was crowded with people. Here, the townspeople exchanged necessities such as rice, cloth, birds, liquor, with money.

Kamakura was prosperous so as to compete against Kyoto after Yoritomo Minamoto established the capital here. It is said stores were the most crowded around 4 PM to 7 PM. It is the same also now.
The store is said to be the most crowded around 4 PM to 7 PM. It is the same now too.

People who sell things are gathering beside the road.

People are peeping into it and walking.

Sweaty men dressed in the loincloth pull the carriage which loaded timber on the street.

Rencho walks to see this state. Everything was fresh.

The historical materials that the gaiety of this town can imagine are left. Yasutoki Hojo promulgates a rule of the control in Kamakura in 1240. He says to divide Kamakura into administrative districts, put a magistrate, and firmly ban them. It was 13 years ago, and Rencho was 19-year-old time.

This content was to supervise the next people.

1. Burglar
1, Traveler
1, Kidnapping
1, Villain
1, Buying and selling at a street and the crossroads
1, Narrowing an alley
1, Sumo at crossroads, and the blind musician of the street corner
1, Buying forcibly

Kidnapping is to capture a woman on the street. It's a scary story, but it was frequently in Kamakura.

In the town, blind biwa player sings the He'ike Story, a sumo wrestling took place in various places. A store called Komachiya displays goods at the storefront and narrows a street, and buying and selling begins anywhere, and we can imagine the prosperity of big city. Isn't it interesting that it is forced buying, not selling?


He came to the port. It was the coast of Wakae.

A port suitable for the new capital was completed. Approximately 50 big boats are crowded. Dozens of small boats cluster around the side.

A large quantity of worker takes down a load from a ship busily.

There were the ceramics that a color was fresh. It will be import goods from Chinese Soong.

Rencho looked at it without getting tired.

"The record of the sea and the way" writes down the prosperity of the seashore of then Wakae.

“When we look, the corner of southeast is a port where boats are gathered, and every merchant is prosperous as getting tired of busyness. In the east, the west and the north, this place is surrounded by high mountains and low mountains like a screen and seems to decorate this land. "
It seems that the scene is visible.


Act of god of the horseback archery was carried out in the open spaces in a city.

A crowd crowds until the verge of the passage of the horse.

The samurai who dressed up elegantly ran on a horse and he drew an arrow tothe full and shot a mark wonderfully.

The cheers of people happen all atonce.


Renchō headed east along the coast and reached the beach of Yui.

The author of " Record of Sea and Road " went down to Kamakura from Kyoto in April 1223 and returned to Kyoto in May.

It was a journey with a friend.

It seems that security was good at that time. Because 1223 is three years ago when Rencho is born, it is thought that record was picturing a state of then Kamakura approximately exactly.

“We arrived at the beach of Yui at about 5:00 p.m.

After a short break, looking at the beach, Yui's beach is crowded with hundreds of ships sharing a rope like a chain. The lively scene resembles a sight of Ōtsu of Lake Biwa. A large quantity of numerical densely populated aspect is like the town of Ōyodo that is near to the shrine of Ise. After the sunset in front of the gate of the Holy Spirit Shrine, we passed through Wakamiya Boulevard and reached the inn.”



                  Continued


table of contents Part 1


note

Sunken road

The photograph is the sunken road of Nago'e, one of the seven sunken roads of Kamakura.

f0301354_23541425.jpg

horseback archery (Yabusame in Japanese)

f0301354_22054333.jpg



by johsei1129 | 2017-06-13 21:50 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 10日

1, Journey to Home (1)


                     Japanese version



It was spring of 1253 of the Kamakura era.

The water of Lake Biwa was reflecting Mount Hi’ei. Enryakuji Temple was having towered in this forest of Hi'ei Mountain.

Many monks were reading books in the vast hall, and outside they were talking while walking along the mountain road.

An old monk and a young monk were sitting and facing each other at small room in this temple.

A young monk was called Renchō.

The aged priest said regretfully.

" Renchō, are you going to go?"

Rencho answered so, and he went down the slopes in a tower without already looking back.

The old priest watched Rencho until he was out of sight.


Rencho who became 32 years old had finished ascetic practices and the studies for 15 years at temples including Enryakuji Temple, and he made up his mind to return to Awa of the hometown.

Renchō wears a hat and goes down the road to east.

A group of samurai riding a horse came running from behind.The samurais put on formal headwear and run off with bows and arrows on his back.

"Get out of my way!”

A passerby goes into the sideway in a hurry.


When Rencho looked back on the course that came slowly, Mt. Hi'ei faded away.

It is a long journey from Ōmi to Awa.

Calm sunlight of the early summer comes in to a wicker hat of Rencho.

A field of a foxtail millet and the Japanese barnyard millet spreads out endlessly around a road.

A samurai and the common people are walking past each other. Women covered with a big marketeer's hat accompanied the servants and come and go each other.


Rencho stopped in front of a farmhouse.

Farmers gather while surrounding one Buddhist priest. They seem to hear something.

The Buddhist priest of Nembutsu came for propagation in this village.

In the Kamakura era, the Nenbutsu sect of Buddhism spread out explosively.

Farmers matched their hand to the Nembutsu priest who wore black Ami clothes (note) and shoulder-worn robe.

"Thank Heaven. A Buddhist priest of Nembutsu say that we can be beatified by advocating Nam-Amidabutsu."

"Amitabha Tathagata, please help us. We do not have a method to solve recent famine and epidemic. We cannot live without help of Amitabha. We are dead after this and only wait for Buddhists' paradise."

The Buddhist priest takes the hand of the farmer and talks to him.

"It is a truly good mind, this is what it fulfills the teachings of the Buddha. If you chant only Amida Buddha, the desire to be born in Pure Land will be fulfilled. "

Rencho walks the side.

The Nembutsu sect is also called Pure Land sect.

Nembutsu that Honen began spread among the common people in Japan intensely.A extremely simple teaching that person could go to the Buddhists' paradise for if he chanted Nam-Amida-Buddha caught the mind of the then people who panted in the difficult situations such as famine, the epidemic. The expanse of this Nembutsu began since the era of Retire Emperor Gotoba just 50 years ago. Because it was too popular, even a learned and virtuous priest of Enryakuji Temple of the head temple of the Tendai chanted Nembutsu.


Rencho goes ahead through the road to the east more.

He intended to go to Kamakura of the capital of the samurai on the road to the hometown.

It is said that it took 12 days from Kyoto to Kamakura in those days. How much days would he need from Mt. Hiei-zan to Awa? It is thought to take at least 15 days.

Fuji covered with snow far far away appeared.

The then people had reverence towards Mount Fuji than modern people thought.

It is being written down with "the Record of the Sea and the Road" that is an account of a trip of the Kamakura era.

"Mount Fuji rises in the middle of the sky and surpasses it from the mountains of every direction as I heard it at the capital. The top of the mountain is the road which a bird crosses, and the foot of the mountain is the road which the beast goes along. Snow wraps up the top of the mountain with a white color like a hood. In addition, a long cloud like a bellyband surrounds the middle of the mountain. The height seemed to build a ladder over the heaven, and the person to climb comes back without being able to finish climbing it. The foot of the mountain is wide as taking it for days to go around , and the person walking here goes as if carrying a mountain on his back. A hot spring springs out on the mountaintop, and thin smoke goes up subtly, and a cold pond is full of water in the middle of the mountain, and a flow to overflow becomes the river. This is a solemn mountain which we cannot compare in really many mountains.”


   continued


table of contents Part 1


note

Ami cloth   

One of the canonical robes which was made as if knitting a straw bag in the fiber of hemp and the nettle.



by johsei1129 | 2017-06-10 12:25 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)