日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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カテゴリ:LIFE OF NICHIREN( 45 )


2017年 09月 27日

104 The Great Leader, Nikko Shonin (2)

                        Japanese ver.


f0301354_22232038.jpg
Mount Fuji watching from Fujinomiya city


Nikko leaves a will one month before death.

 It is the act of leaving precepts to future disciples. There are 26 articles in all. Anything of this 26 articles are full with adoration to Nichiren who was a former teacher. All these addressed it to followers of future Nichiren.

There's the essence of the Nichiren Buddhism behind it. Nikko faithfully and constantly served in Izu exile and Sado island, and strove for propagation in Kai country when Nichiren set up the thatched hut in Mount Minobu. It was the life that obeyed the form of the shadow of Nichiren. Therefore, that's why Nikko could leave it.

It is said that Buddha had ten great disciples. Shariputra who was said to be no. 1 in wisdom, and became the partner of the question and answer of the Expedient Means chapter in the second of the Lotus Sutra. Ananda of the no.1 in the voice-hearers who has faithfully and constantly served Buddha since 27 years old, and read sermon of Buddha as "This is what I heard" aloud at the Buddhist Scriptures concentration after the death of Buddha. Furuna of the sermon no.1 who was praised as there was not the person to surpass in sermon except Buddha.

In a sense, it seems that Nikko had the nature of all the ten great disciples of Buddha.

The disciples and believers of after ages respects this will like a mirror even now. These are golden rules of the ten thousand years of the latter day of the Law, and a door of the future Kosen-rufu is opened by the disciples and believers maintaining these precepts.

Then I write down the whole sentence next.

 “If I think, the sun of the propagating in the latter days of the Law lights up the darkness of the atrocious slander, and the marvelous wind of the eternal life span blows off the provisional and temporary teachings that Buddha had attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya. (note) Oh, it compares, for example, it with a petal of the fig and the hole of the tree of a floating sandalwood that it is rare to encounter the Law of Buddha, and it is thought that I still lack it. Fortunately, we are able to encounter this sacred sutra here by destiny being thick deeply. Therefore, the reasons why I write a precept for future uses is for gaining the wise saying of Kosen-rufu.

1. The doctrine of Fuji should not be different in the least from the propagation which the former teacher performed.

2. The doctrine of five people all differ from the propagation of the former teacher.

3. There is a person considering each writings of Daishonin to be forgery and they will destroy and criticize our sect. You must not get close to him familiarly if such an evil priest appeared.

4. There will be a person who make forgery, and call it a writing of Daishonin, and there will be a person training himself putting the same value on the essential and the provisional. You should understand that he is a traitor within the walls.

5. You must not spend time for a play and an idle talk, not take to a non-Buddhist writing and an art without criticizing against slandering Law of Buddha.

6. You must forbid Shinto shrine worship and visit of the believers. Why they visit the Buddhist temple and Shinto shrine of the evil spirit intrusion, disobeying Buddha's teachings for a glance with a low talent? It is never enough to be chagrined. This is not doctrine of myself totally but depends on text of a sutra or writing of Daishonin and so on.

7. You allow not engaging in the trivial routine duties of the teacher about the disciple having the talent, and must let him learn various teachings including a writing of Daishonin.

8. The populace who is inexperienced in study and who wants a fame and fortune does not deserve to be my disciple.

9. Shaking off the affection from parents and teacher while the believers of my after ages do not understand Lotus Sutra and pre-Lotus Sutra, for leaving this world of the sufferings and attaining enlightenment, they must visit this temple and study.

10. You must not do study of Tientai school without grasp of the doctrine.

11. In our denomination, you dye sublime writing of Daishonin into your soul and convey the supreme theory from a teacher, and should hear Tientai if there is spare time.

12. Enjoy the discussion and lectures and must not mix up public matters and private ones.

13. While Kosen-ruhu does not yet be achieved, you should propagate the Law until the full extent of your ability, without begrudging life.

14. In the case of the priest like "One's body is insignificant, the Law is heavy", even if he was the Buddhist priest of the ignobleness, you must respect him by reason of "Showing him the same respect you would do Buddha."

15. Even if it is a lowly person, in the case of a Buddhist priest of propagating the Law, you should think him to be an old priest of virtue.

16. Even if it was the person of the ignobleness, respect the person who is superior in wisdom than yourself and treat him as a teacher.

17. If he differed from Law of Buddha and established a willful doctrine even if he was chief priest of that time, you must not adopt this.

18. If Law of Buddha has a difference even if it was a justice of large number of people, the chief priest must defeat this.

19. Must not make the color of the canonical robe black with a sumi.

20. You must not wear a robe which seamed top and bottom(note).

21. Must not be at the seat same as the slandering Law. Fear complicity in the crime.

22. Must not receive a offering of slandering Law.

23. I permit this for the Law protection of Buddha about the swords and sticks. But you will not have to hold it at the time of going out. In the case of the populace, should permit this.

24. Even if it is a young bonze, you must not seat him below the followers of the high rank.

25. My behavior must be like a holy Buddhist monk like the former teacher. But, in the case of a chief priest or a person of learning, you must put them as a believer even if they associated with a woman by mistake.

26. Admire a votary of "being skillful in the answer to difficult question" as like a former teacher did.

The precept that I wrote up is an outline like this. I put 26 for the protection of ten thousand years. A disciple of learning it of after ages should not have doubt purposely. If there is a person violating even one of these, he is not a disciple of Nikko. I leave the items that I determined in this way.

On 13th day of the 1th month of the 3rd year of the Genko era (1333).

Nikko signature mark)"   

      'The Twenty-six Precepts of Nikko’



Third volume table of contents



(note)

Buddha had attained enlightenment in Bodh Gaya

It means Shakyamuni attained Buddhahood under the linden tree close on the Gaya Castle for the first time. Word for the eternal life span quantity. Gaya is called Bodh Gaya particularly and is the place where Shakyamuni accomplished Buddhahood.

The hollow of the tree floating

Parable that it is rare that a person encounters Law of Buddha so that a tortoise of one eye looks for the hollow of the floating wood of sandal wood in vast ocean.

“The orally transmitted teachings say, hollow has two kinds of a small hollow and a big hollow. The small hollow is the teachings of 40 several years and the big hollow is the title, daimoku, of the Lotus Sutra. Now when Nichiren and his followers chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo, they enter a large hollow of a floating holy tree. The one-eyed turtle stands for all living beings, and the floating tree of sandalwood is the Lotus Sutra. The Lotus Sutra has a floating holy tree having the large hollow, in the vast sea of the sufferings of birth and death.” Chapter Twenty-seven: King of Wonderful Adornment.

a robe which seamed top and bottom.

Jikitotsu in Japanese. The robe which bind a jacket and an under robe directly. A kind of the priest's robe. The robe which let it bind a jacket and an under robe directly. The jikitotsu is used in various sects. It is the canonical robe which have a fold towards below from a waist and is called "a Koromo" generally. Nichiren Shoshu forbids the wearing of the jikitotsu and they assume only coarse silk of the light gray clothes and wear it. See ‘About the Clothes of Three Kinds in Our Sect’



by johsei1129 | 2017-09-27 22:54 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 09月 09日

104 The Great Leader, Nikko Shonin (1)

                        Japanese ver.


Nikko spent forty-four summers after this in Ueno, Suruga of the foot of Fuji and went to glory at 88 years old.

Nikko establishes six disciples at end as a successor in the same way as Nichiren of the teacher. He appointed Nichimoku of "best disciple in disciples" and left the world.

Nichimoku meets Nikko at 15 years old in 1274. It was the time when Nichiren of the teacher was 53 years old, and he set up the thatched hut in Mount Minobu. And, on April 8, 1276 these two years later, Nikko let Nichimoku become a priest, on a birth day of Buddha.

Nichimoku became a disciple of Nikko openly, but Nikko promptly let Nichimoku have always conforming and service, for sake of Nichiren in Minobu, on November 24 of the same year. Probably Nikko ascertained ability of Nichimoku, he decided it was Nichimoku who could entrust with successor. It is guessed that Nikko intended to let Nichimoku walk a way same as himself.

Nikko wrote that he entrusted Nichimoku with "the propagating Law of the Nichiren's time" entrusted by teacher, in "The items which should obey after Nikko left" on January 13, 1333.

“1. When Hommonji Temple is established, Ni`ida-Kyō Ajari Nichimoku shall be designated as the chief of Buddha Law. Nichimoku, as the legitimate successor, should govern half of the temples located in the country of Japan and in the rest of the world, while the remaining half should be managed by others within the priesthood.

2. The Dai-Gohonzon of the second year of Kō`an (1279) Nikko inherited is hereby bequeathed to Nichimoku. It should be shrined at Hommonji Temple.

3. Taisekiji temple, including the main hall and the cemetery, are administered by Nichimoku, and maintain the premises, he conducts Gongyō and should await the time of Kōsen-ruhu.

 As mentioned, Nichimoku met Nikko for the first time when he was 15 years old. From the time he took faith in the Lotus Sutra until the old age of 73 years, he has not disobeyed in the least. At age of 17, Nichimoku had visited Nichiren Daishonin at Mount Minobu in Kōshū Province. Nichimoku faithfully and constantly served teacher for the last seven years of the life of Nchiren Daishonin. After his master died, Nichimoku devoted himself to remonstrating with the Imperial Court for long time of fifty years, 1285 to 1330. Such achievements are superior to those of the other priests. I leave this documentary proof for future.

The tenth day of the eleventh month

      Nikko signature mark)"

Nikko delivered the doctrine of Nichiren to Nichimoku of the next generation in this way and handed down it to the future generation without running out of a bloodline of succession of Kosen-rufu.

Nichiren of the teacher, during his lifetime, called Nikko as "a person who rescue for ten thousand years" and "a person who put across the water pot of Law" and, also called him " the great leader who was entrusted the essential teachings to".

A 'put across the water', it means that a person transfers the water of Law for future without wrong in such a way to move the water to the pot.

A "entrusted the essential teachings to", it means the ceremony where Shakyamuni Buddha granted the essential Law of the latter day of the Law to Jogyo Bodhisattva of leader of innumerable bodhisattvas of emerging from the ground in the Lotus Sutra.

The essential Law is the daimoku, title, of Nam-myoho-renge-kyo.

Nichiren called Nikko a great leader with Law of the essential. There was nothing wrong with Nichiren's judgement. And Nikko called Nichimoku who was entrusted with his future affairs as “holy chief priest of the whole world.”


I write down the next progress of Hakiri family from now.

Hakiri family who was also said to be Nanbu family was caught up for the battle of the northern and southern dynasties after Kamakura Shogunate extinction. They took side of the south dynasty of the Godaigo Emperor and fought, but were defeated to the north led by Taka'uzi Asikaga. After unification of the north and south dynasties too, Nambu family did not serve the Ashikaga north dynasty.

In 1393, the Nanbu clan abandoned all of the feudal tenure at last, and they left for far-off Tohoku. It is the 104th year after Nikko left the mountain. In addition, there was the clan of Hakiri who protected Kuonji temple of the Mt. Minobu which Nichiren had built, but, in 1527, they were subdued by father Nobutora of Shingen Takeda, and Hakiri clan of this land was completely ruined. The reason was the crime that Hakiri was secretly connected with Imagawa of Suruga in the neighboring country. There will be it according the sutra; "Who spits against heaven, it falls in his face." "Shame take him that shame thinks. "


It is said that Nikko was lonely in his later years. Even if he lectured, only several pupils gathered. Five main Buddhist priests all left, and pupils dispersed.

However, the numerical quantity is not important. Nikko fixed his eyes on the future, not the present. Time when this marvelous Law does Kosen-ruhu by all means will come sometime. He made up his mind that he earmarked a footprint of that route.

Nikko left the world at 88 years old on February 7, 1333, 52 years after Nichiren got to glory. On May 1 of this last year, fighting in the persecution of Atsuhara together, Tokimitsu Nanjo who was the friend of Law beyond the relations called a priest and the believer finishes 74 lives.

In 1333, the great matters happened together inside and outside.

 Takauji Ashikaga revolted against the Hojo shogunate as having waited for death of Nikko on April 16. Yoshisada Nitta entraps Kamakura on May 21, and Hojo dies out on the next day. Emperor Godaigo went back to the imperial place of Kyoto, and, on June 5, new government of the Kenmu era began. And Nichimoku of the third chief priest who inherited from Nikko on November 15 left for Kyoto for the remonstrating to the emperor, but it was tragical and entered nirvana in a place of Tarui of Mino country and showed an everlasting example to the disciples of after ages.

Nikko yearned for Nichiren of the teacher at the time of end dropping into drowsiness. Time of 88 flowed, but, strangely, only the memory of the teacher is left. He met the teacher at 12 years old and received the name of Nikko. Thereafter he followed Nichiren to Kamakura, Izu, Sado, Koshu as if the body and a shadow. That fruitful days still dwell in his mind.

If he recalled, teacher Nichiren changed suffering to pleasure and was the magnificent personality to lead the public to the hope. The happiness that there was near him. This joy does not fade away in eternity for Nikko.

He was engulfed by sadness at the same time.

“Oh, when will I see the saint again?”

It was said that Shijo Kingo had cried in the sorrow of parting in Tatsunokuchi, Nikko was the same again.

Nikko says grace to Gohonzon which was left by the teacher.

There is the following verse to the chapter of phantom city of the Lotus Sutra.

After the Buddha entry into Nirvana

The person who heard these various Law

On the land of various Buddha of everywhere

He is always born with a teacher

It says that disciple will be born in the country of same Buddha with a teacher in the next life, and come across a teacher. Nikko engraved this sentence of the sutra on his mind and chanted the daimoku. He was anxious for seeing a teacher again so that the dry field wanted gentle rain.

Furthermore, Nikko think.

“Be that as it may, I could meet a teacher to the surprising degree at this world. If the teacher did not visit the Jissoji temple of Iwamoto, it was not me of the present. No, I was able to come across the teacher beyond the stream of time surprisingly. It is said that Law of Buddha performs no miracle, but will there be such chance again? This is rare than person watches the flower of the fig blooming once in 3000 years than the tortoise of the one eye comes across a numinous piece of tree in the ocean. I am truly a lucky person!”

The night sky of the Ueno volost was a star of the ten thousand.

Nikko became one of the stars of the vast universe and stared at himself.


          Continued (2)


Third volume table of contents



by johsei1129 | 2017-09-09 22:26 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 09月 02日

81, Erecting the Great Gohonzon of the high sanctuary of the essential teachings (3)

                       Japanese ver.


In the first place what does Nam-myoho-renge-kyo written in the center of grand Gohonzon mean?

Nichiren expresses the Buddhism of him by "The record of the Orally transmitted teachings" that he lectured to disciple Nikko who inherited all in this way about Nam-myoho-renge-kyo.

“The Record of the Orally Transmitted Teachings says: Nam is a Sanskrit word. Here, it is called "kimyo" in Japanese, and ''ki" means dedicating, and "myo" means life. The object to dedicate has Law with a person. In terms of the person, one dedicates one's life to Shakyamuni Buddha; in terms of the Law, one dedicates one's life to the Lotus Sutra. 'Ki' means dedicating to the principle of eternal and unchanging truth of the theoretical teachings. "Myo”means basing on the wisdom of the truth of the essential teaching that functions in accordance with changing circumstances. Kimyo, dedicating, is Nam-myoho-renge-kyo.

A commentary says; "The eternal unchanged truth, and the wisdom to be created at every situation changing. These are tranquil shining in a single moment of life.” Also, “ki” is the mind Law, and “myo” is the physical Law. Ultimate teachings mean that a body and a mind are not two. As a commentary says, “Because leading us to the ultimate truth, it is called Mahayana.” In addition, Daishonin says, Nam of Nam-myoho-renge-kyo is in Sanskrit, myoho-renge-kyo are Chinese words. Nam-myoho-renge-kyo is the same time in India and China. In addition, he says, it is called Sad-dharma-puṇḍarīka-sūtra in Sanskrit. It says Myoho-renge-kyo here. These words are bodies of sacred Buddha, are the expression that the nine worlds are namely the world of Buddha. Myo is a spiritual awaking. Ho is a spiritual darkness. The marvelous Law means that a spiritual awaking and darkness is as one body. Renge is the two Law of cause and effect, and cause and effect are one body too. Kyo means the language sound of all creatures. A commentary says, “The voice carries out the work of the Buddha, and this is called kyo.” Also, kyo is defined as that which is constant and unchanging in the three existences of past, present, and future. The universe is Myo, the universe is Ho, the universe is Renge, the universe is Kyo. Renge is the bodies of Buddha of the nine saints seated on the eight-petaled lotus. Think this over carefully.”

Nam-myoho-renge-kyo means the existence that dedicates life to myoho-renge-kyo and embodies it, namely the tathagata of the origin of the infinite past.

Sad is Myo, dharma is , puṇḍarīka is Renge, sūtra is Kyo.

"Sad" means right or superior, but Kumarajiva translated it as myo in Chinese. According to Buddha having preached that these teachings (Lotus Sutra) were both unbelievable and hard to be understood, it is thought it is meaning of mysterious. The Dharma is Law, and puṇḍarīka means white lotus flower. In other words, Myoho-renge-kyo becomes the mysterious teachings such as the white lotus flower. Why did Shakyamuni Buddha use white lotus flower as a symbol of the marvelous Law? The white means the cleanliness, and it means that it is not violated in greed anger stupidity. In addition, the lotus flower blooms from all over the mud unlike other flowers and tree flower. The mud means worldly desires, and the flower absorbs nourishment from all over the mud, and the clean large lotus flower to make bloom symbolizes "worldly desires namely Buddhahood". In addition, the lotus flower has the fruit which is called the lotus root at the same time when it blooms. This symbolizes that cause and effect are same time.

Well, what is the marvelous Law that is not invaded by three poisons of greed-anger-ignorance, and which possesses "the worldly desires as is Buddhahood" and the same time of the cause and effect?

Nichiren declares, "a form of Law in Myoho-renge-kyo is the benevolence mind of all creatures" in the record of orally transmitted teachings. In other words, a marvelous Law is the nature of Buddha indwelling all creatures, and it is benevolence mind. Doing nam (dedicate life) to the grand Gohonzon means that person opens the nature of Buddha, namely the benevolence mind, that is indwelling own life.

Similarly, Shakyamuni Buddha says in 'the expedient means' of the second chapter of the Lotus Sutra,"I made them who were equal with me, prevented them from being different", and he declares that he opens up the nature of Buddha of all creatures by the same way as him and makes them to the beings of benevolence.

And in the metaphor chapter of the third in the Lotus Sutra, Shakyamuni Buddha gave the prophecy that Shariputra would become the tathagata of flower light in the future. He gives the prophecies that the priests, nuns, laymen and laywomen would become Buddha in the distant future in sequence following this at the gathering where Lotus Sutra is preached in Eagle Peak. Shakyamuni Buddha continued censuring two kinds of people, the voice-hearers and the self-enlightened, they did not attain Buddhahood before preaching the Lotus Sutra. Why did Shakyamuni Buddha continue giving prophecies so that in a sense seems to be even an excessive issue, at a place of the sermon of the Lotus Sutra? Myoho-renge-kyo is the ultimate teachings reached to all Law which runs through the metagalaxy, and if a person keeps Myoho-renge-kyo, and preaches it to other all creatures, and let others preach it again, this is because it meant he would become Buddha by all means. And Nichiren Daishonin of the manifestation of noumenon is the leader of the bodhisattvas appearing from the ground and is the rebirth of Jogyo and his noumenon is the original Buddha in the latter day of the Law, he had received the mission of propagating Myoho-renge-kyo after the nirvana of Shakyamuni Buddha in the chapter of gods power of 21th in the Lotus Sutra as a manifestation of that noumenon, and erected the grand Gohonzon, he gave prophecies that all the followers of the Lotus Sutra who did nam to the grand Gohonzon would become the Buddha in a future life in the latter day of the Law by writing "The petitioner of the sanctuary of the essential teachings is Kunishige Yashirō from among the followers and the others of the Lotus Sutra. They respectfully state."




Third volume table of contents



by johsei1129 | 2017-09-02 20:34 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 08月 27日

81, Erecting the Great Gohonzon of the Sanctuary of the Essential Teachings.(2)

                       Japanese ver.


The purpose of advent of Nichiren means depicting of this grand Gohonzon itself.

Nichiren knew that time came. It is the time to erect the grand mandala of all living beings of whole of the world. By the desperate strong religious belief of people of Atsuhara, he felt the time that Law would be conveyed through all eternity. The Law of Buddha has penetrated to the people of the bottom layer called the farmer now. Universality of the Law of Buddha that every people could attain Buddhahood was going to be proved. If so, the people of the whole world must be able to understand this Law of Buddha.

Nichiren stared at the sky.

“If Nichiren's benevolence is vast, Nam-myoho-renge-kyo will spread for ten thousand years and until eternity. It possesses the virtue which open the blind eyes of all the people in Japan, and it blocks the path to the hell of incessant suffering. I erect the treasure tower by the wish of the followers of the Lotus sutra now. The sutra says, ‘Now I will put these good medicines here. You should take medicine, not worry that it will not cure you.’

Nichiren proved that this grand Gohonzon gave all whole of the world it, and he added to a writing as follows under the grand Gohonzon.

“I erected it in this way for the present and the future.The petitioner of the sanctuary of the essential teachings is Kunishige Yashirō from among the followers and the others of the Lotus Sutra. They respectfully state. On the twelfth day of October in the second year of Ko'an.”(1279

Hosoi Nittatsu, the 66th chief priest of Fuji Daisekiji Temple, declared that Kunisige Yashirō was the eldest son Jinshiro of three braves in Atsuhara.

Nichiryo of the 48th chief priest of the Fuji Daisekiji temple writes down a cast of features of grand Gohonzon.

“1, The great board mandala of the essential teachings in the high sanctuary.

This was written by Nichiren Daishonin. Daishonin invited the ten worlds of living beings, and arranged them around paraph, and he wrote to the board of the camphor tree to not end for ever as follows, ‘I erected it in this way for the present and the future. The petitioner of the sanctuary of the essential teachings is Kunishige Yashirō from among the followers and the others of the Lotus Sutra. They respectfully state. On the twelfth day of October in the second year of Ko'an.' It is thickness 7cm, length 1m44cm, 65cmin width. He gave Nippo of the elderly priest an order for a sculpture. The board is black, and written words were golden. When the time of the propagation to the whole world [Kōsen ruhu] came, as preparation that he received an Imperial proclamation and the notice and built the Hommonji temple of the sanctuary in Mount Fuji, he made and put it. This Gohonzon is the essential of our religious sect, the purpose of advent of founder Nichiren, the most decisive which Nikko keeps, the best of all the sacred treasure that this temple has.” Details magazine of Fuji Daisekiji temple in 1823' included in ‘Vol. 5 in the collection of the main point of studies in Fuji sect.'

Three Great Secret Laws that were the purpose of the life of Nichiren were completed here. These are the Gohonzon of the essential teachings, the sanctuary of the essential teachings and the daimoku, title, of the essential teachings.

These Three Great Secret Laws was completed for the first time when this grand Gohonzon appeared. Besides, this grand Gohonzon is the One Great Secret Law that bunch up the Three Great Secret Laws. This One Great Secret Law opens with the Three Great Secret Laws again and unfolds to all Law.

Nichikan (1665-1726), the 26th chief priest in the Fuji Daisekiji temple, says,

"Question; How is the development and conjunction of the Three Great Secret Laws if so?

Answer; To tell the truth, it is the One Great Secret Law. The One Great Secret Law is namely the Gohonzon of the essential teachings. A place of this Ghonzon is named the sanctuary of the essential teachings. It is named the daimoku of the essential teachings that person believes this Gohonzon and chants marvelous Law. Therefore, it is divided and becomes the Three Great Secret Laws. In addition, Gohonzon has a Law with a person, there are sense and fact in the sanctuary, and there are believing and practice in daimoku. Therefore, this unfolds and becomes six categories. These six categories are dispersed and become eighty thousand sutras. For example, the Biography of High Ranking Monks says; The one mind is the whole of all the Law and one mind is divided to a commandment, a meditation and a wisdom, and these disperse to the practices of ten thousand units.

You must know, Gohonzon is just the whole of all the Law. Therefore, eighty thousand sutras become six mere categories when these are put together. In addition, these only become the Three Great Secret Laws, when these six categories fit. Besides, it just becomes the Gohonzon of the essential teachings if the Three Great Secret Laws got together. Thus, Gohonzon of the essential teachings is also named Gohonzon including all of Three Great Secret Laws.” ‘Writings which Understands a Sentence from a Meaning.’

Successive chief priests of Fuji Daisekiji temple make a model of this grand Gohonzon and erect handwriting, new Gohonzon and, after death of Nichiren, continue conferring it on disciples and followers and continue up to today.

Also, Nichiren leaves a will regarding handwriting of this Gohonzn.

“In addition, about the handwriting of Gohonzon, you should do like as I expressed and presented it. The gods of Heaven and ground will not certainly treat it if you do not write there Nichiren paraph. You should write this between both Jogyo Muhengyo and Zikoku, Jyogyo Anryugyo and Bisyamon; ‘The head comes apart to seven pieces if slander this,' ‘Offering service for this is superior than ten virtues.' You may use the clear words from the sutra by own judgment.” ‘One Hundred and Six Articles

It loses validity if without words of "Nichiren paraph" to Gohonzon.

Ten virtues mean Shakyamuni Buddha, a lord of teachings. Thatagata, the person who realized truth, every wisdom, a clear action, the person who arrives at the paradise, the person who understands all the world, the person that nobody is higher rank than him, the teacher of Heaven and human, the greatest person of harmony, and Buddha of the lord of teachings. All praise virtue of Shakyamuni. Chanting a daimoku in Gohonzon is superior than holding a service for Buddha of ten virtue.


          Continued to (3)


Third volume table of contents



by johsei1129 | 2017-08-27 19:09 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 08月 23日

Life of Nichiren Third volume table of contents

Life of Nichiren

third volume

Japanese ver.


Writings Mitsugu Kosugi supervision Tsunemasa Miura. released January 3, 2014

f0301354_22305464.jpg

Third volume table of contents


63, Shijo kingo meets Nichiren in Mount Minobu.

64, The fight of Shijō Kingō.

65, The debate of the doctrine of Buddhism in the Mulberry Valley.

66, The confrontation of Kingo in the court of justice.

67, The revival of Shijō Kingo.

68, Limitless affection to Kingo.

69, Ikegami brothers and three obstacles and four devils.

70, Older brother Munenaka Ikegami is disowned by father.

71, Nichiren remonstrates Munenaga of the younger brother.

72, Ikegami brothers lead parents to the Lotus Sutra.

73, The person who help the propagation.

74, The epidemic attacks the country.

75, Showing illness.

76, Three braves of Atsuhara.

77, Hard fight of the supporters of the Lotus sutra.

78, A persecution breaks out to a farmer believer of Atsuhara.

79, The showdown of Hokibō at the trial.

80, Oath of the supporters of the Lotus Sutra.

81, Nichiren erects Great Gohonzon of the essential teachings in high sanctuary which is the purpose of his advent.

82, Three braves of Atsuhara leave for the Eagle Peak.

83, Three braves live eternally in our mind.

84, Shijo Kingo encounters an accident.

85, Mongolia attacks Japan at the Ko'an War again.

86, Beginning of destroying a country.

87, The last of the Kamakura Shogunate.

88, Letter to women believers 1.

89, Letter to women believers 2.

90, Consideration to Nun O’ama.

91, Nun Sen’nichi and Abutsubo.

92, The faith of Tokimitsu Nanjo.

93, Education to young Nanjo Tokimitsu.

94, Devil of disease in the Nanjo family.

95, The vivification of Tokimitsu.

96, Mountain of a marvelous Buddhahood.

97, Going down the mountains of Minobu.

98, Nichiren grants the propagated Law of his lifetime to Byakuren high priest Nikko.

99, Guide of the blockaded street.

100, Death but do not pass into death.

101, Slandering the Buddha's teachings of the land steward.

102, Wicked thought of the five monks.

103, Nikko descended Mountain of Minobu.

104, Great Leader, Nikko Shonin.

last, Teachings of Buddha in Japan are passing to India.



First volume table of contents


Second volume table of contents



by johsei1129 | 2017-08-23 22:27 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 08月 23日

81, Erecting the Great Gohonzon of the Sanctuary of the Essential Teachings.

                          Japanese ver.


Disciples of the white robe carried a big camphor tree of the form of half log like the height of the person and put it before Nichiren. And a big writing brush was prepared. Nichiren foresaw that this day came, has prepared the large camphor tree for the revealing of the Gohonzon.

It is unknown how he supplied this board. However, it will be natural to think that Nichiren asked Munenaka Ikegami for procurement. His father was the commissioner of buildings of the Kamakura Shogunate, Munenaka has inherited the work, is because the letter of Nichiren who asked Munenaka, the older brother of Ikegami brothers, for the construction of the priests' living quarters of the disciple has been left.

As for the reason why Nichiren chose a camphor tree as, a trunk is big, the inside itself is dense, and it is superior in dampproofing and the durability, and thought that the material that can endure for ten thousand years of the latter day of the Law. In addition, there might be the superior reason for an insecticide effect with the incense of camphor from the whole of the tree to distill the branches and leaves of the camphor tree, and to get camphor.

There was the home of Munenaka in current Ikegami, Ota Ward, Tokyo Prefecture. The camphor tree is "the Tree of the Ward" of Ota Ward. In addition, it is said that Munenaka donated 69384 tsubos (approximately 230, 000 square meters, five times the area of Tokyo Dome) as glebe matching with the number of characters of the Lotus Sutra, when Nichiren entered into Nirvana. Naturally it is thought that a camphor tree grew wild.

Nichiren have given the Gohonzon, revealed in a thick Japanese paper, of one relationship or opportunity to the strong disciples and believers of the religious faith individually until now.

He gave a strict order about these Gohonzons as follows, "You must not hand it over to other than your child. Must not show it if it is not a strong person of the religious faith." 'Letter to Abutsubo.'

Nichiren received the persecution of Atsuhara, felt the prosperity of the Law of Buddha of the people and decided that now is the time to erect the grand Gohonzon to all living beings of the whole world.

At the time of October 12 of the second year in Koan Era (1279), all believers put hands together and have begun to chant the title solemnly.

After Nichiren wrote and showed mandala of the ten worlds to the surface which was whittled of the half log, Nippo of the disciple traced the written words of Nichiren exactly and carved. When it finished carving, Nichiren wrote characters with sumi ink to a carving trace again. It corresponded as follows to his words;"I, Nichiren, with sumi ink, have infused my soul. Believe in it. The Buddha's will is the Lotus Sutra, but the soul of Nichiren is nothing other than Nam-myoho-renge-kyo." 'Letter to kyo'o'

Furthermore, in accordance with the ceremony of the seeing the treasure tower in the air of the 11th chapter of the Lotus Sutra, Nichiren lined up Nam Sakyamuni Buddha, Nam Tatagata Taho, four Bodhisattvas of emerging from the earth, Nam Jogyo, Nam Muhengyo, Nam Jyogyo, Nam Anryugyo in the top, and placed the voice-hearer and all Heaven behind them, and he arranged the four Heavens who protect the Law of Buddha such as the Heaven of great Zikoku, also he expressed both the King Agaraja to the left and the King Akala to the right, between the four Heavens, in Sanskrit as a symbol that the origin of Buddhism was India. These people embody in the ten world realms of living beings. Nichiren declared in the lower right of the Gohonzon, "This is the grand mandala which was unprecedented after the death of Buddha among more than 2230 years interval in the whole world". Finally, he set down large Nam-myoho- renge-kyo to the center, and Nichiren paraph right below it, and finished writing.

The grand Gohonzon which Nichiren wrote down was painted with black lacquer, and the characters he wrote were finished in gold afterwards by the craftsman of the believer of the same discipline last. It is thought that this grand Gohonzon was performed all by the hand of Nichiren's disciples and believers, from the choice of tree and the felling of the camphor tree to the last finish.

When Gohonzon of the board was completed, Nippo asked Nichiren for the permission, and it is said that he made the holy statue of Nichiren, approximately 3 inches, with the remaining board of the camphor tree which became the grand Gohonzonn. Nippo was distributed hair from Nichiren and made a thin sumi ink, and it is said that he dyed it with a sumi to this holy statue. This holy statue is placed in the Fuji Daisekiji temple now.

Nichiren declared the real Buddhism establishment at 32 years old and accomplished the purpose of his advent at 59 years old 27 years later.

Nichiren writes down this day by "On Persecution Befalling the Saint" as follows.

“In Nagasa District of Awa Province there is a village called Tojo that is now a district. Here is the holy storehouse which was once the second in Japan, now is the highest rank. It was founded by Minamoto-no Yoritomo of the Right Side General, and supplies food for the shrine of the God of the sun. Inside the private Buddha statue hall in the various Buddhas center which is called Seichoji temple in this district, I first spoke about this doctrine towards the south at noon on the twenty-eight day of April in the fifth year of Kencho1253. Twenty-seven years have passed since then and it is currently the second year of Kō'an1279. It took Shakyamuni Buddha forty-odd years, the Great Teacher Tiantai thirty-odd years, and the Great Teacher Dengyō twenty-odd years to accomplish the purpose of their advents. I have spoken repeatedly of the indescribable persecutions they suffered during those years. It has taken me twenty-seven years. Great persecutions during those years are just what everybody knows it.”

            To be continued to (2)


Third volume table of contents

(note)

Holly storehouse

The place that supplies food in the land of the Imperial Family, a noble and Shrine. It came to mean land to give to a gift later. According to the third volume of the Mirror of the East, there was the sacred storehouse where Yoritomo Minamoto donated it to Great Ise Shrine in 1184, at Tojo village of the birthplace of Nichiren in Awa Province (South Chiba)



by johsei1129 | 2017-08-23 07:13 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 08月 16日

Preaching and Clarifying the Meaning of Erecting the Gohonzon (2)

                        Japanese ver.


It is clear from the examples such as a letter, paper money, the contract document that the thing which wrote by a letter of an alphabet on paper has power.

But proof to become the grounds for something is necessary. In addition, they must possess the ability understanding the written meaning.

The false letter is useless. The counterfeit bill is punished. We become the offender if we make the false contract documents.

Conversely, the genuine paper money has a national guarantee. Even if the people who still do hunting life in a forest of the heart of a mountain without the custom of the monetary economy, received a bunch of 100 dollars, they will only put it on a bonfire. The letter which a person thinks for a partner and wrote may become the writing changing the lifetime if the other party to receive had ability receiving the thought. The reason why a person believes a thing written on paper is because the thought of the person who created it, or the intentions such as organizations do so-called transfer changing to paper.

The primordial Buddha's soul, a life of the mercy concretely in other words, of the latter days of the Law transfers to the Gohonzon which Nichiren revealed. The person can express the nature of Buddha being hidden in own soul for the first time by chanting a title to this Gohonzon.

Nichiren compares this hidden Buddha's nature to a bird of the basket and compares a chanting title to a bird flying in the sky.

“Therefore, when once we chant Myoho-renge-kyo, with just that single sound we summon and manifest nature of all Buddhas; all existences; all bodhisattvas; all hearers of voice; all the deities such as Brahmā, Shakra, and King Yama; the sun and moon, and the myriad stars; the gods of heaven and earth, and all living beings-including individuals in the worlds of hell, hunger, animality, anger, humanity, and rapture. The benefit of revealing this Buddha nature is immeasurable and unfathomable. If we worship Myoho-renge-kyo of our mind as the Gohonzon, the nature of Buddha in our mind summons Nam-myoho-renge-kyo. This condition to call each other is called Buddha. For example, when a caged bird sings, birds who are flying in the sky are thereby summoned and gather around, and when the birds flying in the sky gather around, the bird in the cage tries to get out. When with our mouths we chant the marvelous Law, our inner Buddha's nature, being summoned, will appear by all means. The Buddha's nature of Brahmā and Shakra, being called, will protect us, and Buddha's nature of Buddha and bodhisattvas, being summoned, will rejoice. Therefore, Buddha said “If a person kept this Lotus Sutra even during a little, I will delight, all the Buddha is same too." It is meaning this. All the Buddha of the three existences, too, had attained Buddhahood by virtue of five characters of Myoho-renge-kyo. Five characters are the purpose why all the Buddha of the three existences appeared in the world; it is the marvelous Law where all living beings can attain the Buddhahood. You should understand these meanings well really and, on the path of attaining Buddhahood, chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo without arrogance or bias.” ‘Attaining Buddhahood at the Beginning Stage of religious life through the Lotus Sutra’

It is all of practices to attaining Buddhahood to chant a title of Nam-myoho-renge-kyo towards the Gohonzon, Nichiren preaches it. Nichiren expressed this Gohonzon for the first time in Sado island.

It is said that the letter conveys the mind of the person and the voice does Buddha.

If a person chants Nam-myoho-renge-kyo to the Gohonon where Nichiren dyed his soul in the sumi and wrote, the practice of Buddhism in the latter day of the Law will reach the ultimate end.

Nichiren wanted to convey that Law of attaining Buddhahood to all people of the latter days of the Law, by any means.

He talks about the magnificence of this Gohonzon himself.

“How mysterious it all is! During two hundred years from the latter day of the Law, Nichiren revealed this marvelous mandala that even those such as Nagarjuna and Vasubandhu, Tientai and Miaolo were unable to express it, as the flag mark of propagation of the Lotus Sutra for the first time. This mandala is in no way my invention. This is the Gohonzon which the great Shakyamuni Buddha and all incarnations of him printed to a wood block in the tower of Taho Tathagata. Therefore, the five letters of the title are placed in the center, while the four kings of Heaven are seated at the four corners of the treasure tower. Shakyamuni, Tathagata Taho, and the four leaders of the Bodhisattvas who appeared from the ground are side by side at the summit. Seated below them are the bodhisattvas, including Fugen and Manjushri, and the hearers of voice including Shariputra and Maudgalyayana. The gods of the sun and moon, the devil king of the sixth Heaven, the dragon king, an asura, and also King Fudo and King Aizen are in their territories of the south and north. The evil and treacherous Devadatta and the ignorant dragon king's daughter form a group. Also, there are the goddess of ogre and her ten daughters of evil spirit who usurp the lives of people of the three thousand worlds. In addition, there are the God of the sun, the great bodhisattva Hachiman, Heaven god of the seven generations, the land deities of five generations, all of the small and big gods of Heaven and land, are the tutelary gods of Japan. The body of gods are ranged in rows. How can these remaining gods of traces be left? The chapter of treasure tower states, "Buddha adjoined all the people, raising them. Therefore, every member was in the sky.” Without exception, all these Buddhas, bodhisattvas, great saints, and, in general, all the miscellaneous crowd of the two worlds and the eight groups who appear in the 'Introduction' chapter of the Lotus Sutra reside in this Gohonzon. Illuminated by the light of five characters of the marvelous Law, they display the venerable attributes that they inherently possess. The Gohonzon means this.” 'Reply to Lady Nichinyo' or 'About the Aspect of the Gohonzon'

Furthermore, Nichiren answers a person doubting the rationale of this Gohonzon.

“Question: Is there the prediction of Buddha? Answer: The Buddha states, ‘In the last five-hundred-year period the Lotus Sutra will spread widely throughout Jambudvipa [Kosen Ruhu].’ The Great Teacher Tientai predicts, ‘In the last five-hundred-year period, the world will flourish by the Law of the eternity.’ Miaolo predicts, ‘The profit received from sowing the seed of Buddhahood is there absolutely at the beginning of the latter days of the Law.' The Great Teacher Dengyo says, “The former and middle day of the Law are almost over, and the latter day of the Law is near at hand.’ ‘The latter day of the Law is near at hand,’ this quotation means that his time was not becoming time for propagation. The Great Teacher Dengyo in Japan, foresaw the beginning of the latter day of the Law, saying: “If saying times, the end of the middle days of the Law and the beginning of the latter day. Regarding the land, it will be the east of Tang and the west of Katsu. As for the person, will be born from the five turbidities in the time of struggle. The sutra says, ‘Hatred and jealousy toward this sutra abound even when the tathagata is in the world, why may there be fewer than this after his death? This explanation is to the point really.’ ‘The time of struggle' of this commentary. It refers to the two disasters that are occurring at present, the internal strife and the invasion from the western sea. At this time the countless bodhisattvas (note) will appear from the ground and establish the Gohonzon, the holiest in the world, with true Shakyamuni Buddha playing a subordinate role, in this country” ‘True Object of Worship’



 Continued to 'Nichimyo is promised to receive the Gohonzon from Nichiren'


Second volume table of Contents


(note)

The countless Bodhisattvas who appeared from the ground

They are the Bodhisattvas preached in the 15th chapter of 'appearing from the ground' of the Lotus Sutra. They are expressed with "the numerical Bodhisattvas such as particle dusts of 1000 worlds emerging from the ground" in the chapter of the 21st 'divine power'. Also, they are said to emerge from the ground with the number of sand of 60000 Ganges. The leaders of bodhisattvas emerging from the ground are four people including Jogyo.

“My disciples, consider deeply in your hearts! The countless Bodhisattvas of the earth were the disciples of Shakyamuni Buddha, the lord of teachings, from the time first the Buddha set his mind on and had attained Buddhahood in the remote past. But they did not come to his place when Shakyamuni first attained Buddhahood, nor did they come to a grove of sal trees when Buddha entered nirvana. There is a fault of the unfilial there. They did not appear also when the Buddha preached the first fourteen chapters of the Lotus Sutra, the theoretical teachings, and they left the assembly when the Buddha preached the last six chapters of the essential teachings. They only attended the Buddha during the first eight chapters of the essential teachings. Since these noble bodhisattvas received [five characters of Myoho-renge-kyo] and made a solemn oath to Shakyamuni Buddha, Tathagata Taho, and all the Buddha of the ten directions, is it possible that they will not appear now of the beginning of the latter days of the Law? Know this: in the time for the practice of shakubuku the four bodhisattvas appear as worthy kings who condemn ignorant kings, and in the time for the practice of shōju they appear as priests to embrace and spread the correct teachings!” True Object of Worship’



by johsei1129 | 2017-08-16 13:47 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 08月 13日

Preaching and Clarifying the Meaning of Erecting the Gohonzon (1)

                  Japanese ver.

f0301354_10063236.jpg

The handwriting of 'True Object of Worship' kept in Nakayama Hokekyoji temple. national treasure


What kind of thing is the Gohonzon? What kind of feature is it? Nichiren preaches and clarifies it.

“The appearance of the true object of worship is described as the treasure tower soaring in the air over the saha world, where the master of the essential teaching resides. Shakyamuni Buddha and Tahō Buddha take their place on either side of Myoho-Renge-Kyo within the treasure tower, accompanied by the four leaders of the Bodhisattvas of the Earth, led by Bodhisattva Jōgyō. Manjushri, Maitreya, and other disciples, who are followers of the four leaders of the Bodhisattvas of the Earth, are seated below. There are big and small Bodhisattvas of the provisional or the other land on the earth where all the people are, and it looks like looking up to a noble and a court noble. All the Buddhas who gathered from the worlds in the ten directions remain on the ground, showing that they are temporary manifestations of the eternal Buddha and that their acreages are transient, not eternal. The Gohonzon was not preached during the fifty-odd years of Shakyamuni's lifetime. Shakyamuni preached the Lotus Sutra over a period of eight years, moreover this Gohonzon was taught only through the eight chapters. During the two thousand years of the Former or Middle Days of the Law, Mahakashyapa and Ananda wereflanking the Shakyamuni Buddha of Hinayana, and Manjushri and Fugen [Universal Worthy] were flanking the Shakyamuni Buddha who had taught the provisional Mahayana, the Nirvana Sutra, the theory of the Lotus Sutra. Though these images and statues of the Buddhas were created and depicted during the periods of the Former and Middle Day of the Law, the Buddha of the Life Span chapter was not made yet. This true object of worship shall appear for the first time in the Latter Day of the Law.” ‘True Object of the Worship’

Nichiren writes it at the end of "True Objectof Worship".

“Showing profound compassion for those unable to comprehend the doctrine of three thousand realms in a single moment of life, the Buddha wrapped this jewel into the five characters [Myoho-renge-kyo] , hanging it to the neck of ignorant people who live in the latter days of the Law.”

The Gohonzon shown in this 'True Object of Worship' is a one and only present which Nichiren gave the all creatures, the ignorant people who have lost the concept of existence of the latter days of the Law.

It is written in Nichiren's writing that a person hung the ashes of the parents to his neck and carried it when buried the ashes whom a person cremated in the graveyard as a then custom. It is thought that the then believer who read this sentence "hanging it to a neck" understood instantly how important the Gohonzon was.

“His son,Tōkurō Moritsuna, succeeded his father as a wholehearted votary of the Lotus Sutra. Last year, on the second day of the seventh month, he climbed Mount Minobu of Hakiri Province of Kai, having journeyed a thousand ri at mountains and seas with his father's ashes hung tohis neck, and deposited it at the hall of the Lotus Sutra. And this year, on the first day of the seventh month, he climbed again Mount Minobu to pay respects at his father's grave. There is no treasure more precious than a child. There is no treasure more precious than a child. Nam-myoho-renge-kyo, Nam-myoho-renge-kyo.”‘Reply to Nun Sen’nichi’

“You have no other mother in this land. From now on, whom will you wait on? Because of the grief you felt at this separation, you entered the ashes of the deceased in a container hung from your neck, and trusting to your feet, you went to the wide road, journeying all the way from Shimousa Province to this Province of Kai. The distance is 1000ri round trip. All the lands you passed through were beset by famine, and the mountains and plains were full of bandits. Where you put up each night, there was little food. You were frail, almost without servants, and never knew where you could obtain fresh horses or oxen. Steep mountains towered before you and the wide and overflowed rivers you confronted were many. Climbing a high mountain, your head touch the heavens; descending into a deep valley, your feet tread upon clouds. It is difficult to get across if it is not a bird, is difficult to get over if it is not a deer, you are giddy, feet will freeze. There seems to be the vast mountain of the disciplinant of En and the Pamir of priest Kumarajiva, now in front of the eyes. Then in time you visited at deep cave and saw a hermitage room where the sound of recited Lotus Sutra echoed to the blue sky and the voice discussing the only Law was heard among the mountains.

Following the guide, you entered the chamber and then, when you had safely placed the bones of your mother before Shakyamuni Buddha, the lord of teachings, you bowed your limbs and body to the ground in obeisance, put your palms together, and opened your eyes to pay homage to her noble visage, your body was filled with joys and sufferings at once vanished from your mind.

My head is head of our parents, my feet are their feet, my ten fingers are their ten fingers, my mouth is their mouth. It is like a seed and fruit and the body anda shadow for example. When Shakyamuni Buddha, the lord of teachings, attained enlightenment, he made it possible for his father, Shuddhodana, and his mother, Maya, to do likewise. Kissen Shishi and Shodai-nyo and priest Mokuren, parent and child, attained Buddhahood at the same time.

When we consider these examples, the past impediments that have been accumulated without time of beginning will quickly be extinguished and the wonderful lotus that is the nature of mind will quickly open its petals. Thereafter you engaged very much in Buddhist services and then safely returned home.” On Forgetting the Copy of the Sutra’


              to be continued (2)


Second volume table of Contents.



by johsei1129 | 2017-08-13 09:38 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 08月 11日

Life of Nichiren Second volume table of contents

Life of Nichiren

second volume 

                             Japanese ver.

 Writings Mitsugu Kosugi supervision Tsunemasa Miura. released January 3, 2014

f0301354_15041009.jpg

               Sado island whole view


Second volume table of contents


35. To Sado of the depth of winters

36. Conviction as Primordial Buddha of the latter days of the Law.

37. Sailing to Sado island of exile place.

38. Difficult situation in solitary island Sado.

39. Coming true of prediction of revolt.

40. Disciples to abandon the religion.

41. Way to get over the great persecution.

42. Island of Abutsubō and a grudge.

43. Victory of the Tsukahara dispute.

44. Coming true of the revolt.

45. Showing allegiance of Honma Shigetsura, sub-military governer.

46. The detailed account of the February trouble.

47. Nichimyo of the strong belief, cross the mountains and seas.

48. Nichiren express the Gohonozn for the first time.

49. Preaching and clarifying the meaning of erecting the Gohonzon.

50. Nichimyo is promised to receive the Gohonzon from Nichiren.

51. Trap of Ryōkan.

52. Persecution again.

53. Tokumune decides pardon.

54. Nichiren returns to Kamakura from Sado.

55. Last remonstration.

56. Pushing away the Shogunate .

57. Nichiren leave Kamakura.

58. Nichiren get into Mount Minobu.

59. Attack of Mongolia.

60. Fame of 3 degrees.

61. Missionary work of disciples.

62. Nichiren in Mount Minobu.



First volume table of contents.   


Third volume table of contents



by johsei1129 | 2017-08-11 14:55 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 08月 10日

Sweeping the Provisional and Revealing the Origin (5)

         Japanese ver.

f0301354_22352381.jpg
                      Comet Encke from Wikipedia

In addition, there is the scholar who supposed this phenomenon from the scientific standpoint.

Hideo Hirose who was the director of Tokyo Astronomical Observatory and was the professor at Tokyo University said that the true shape of this bright metal was the piece which a comet dropped namely a meteor.

That day, September 13 in 8th year of Bun'ei era (1281) is October 25 of the present by the solar calendar. According to Nichiren, just before the luminous body appeared, it was pitch-darkness, could not see the face of the person too. He says this time is 'before dawn and still too dark'. When Hirose calculated in the operative list of heavenly bodies, estimated time of the execution thought at about the time of moonset, or at least before 4:00 a.m. because the time of moonset of the day was at 3:44 a.m.

Furthermore, Hirose thought that the luminous body belonged to meteoric swarm of Aries and Taurus. This meteoric swarm is active in the end of October, and this is because it often occurs a bright meteor. The base producing this meteor swarm is Encke's comet. This comet revolves around the sun with a period of 3.3 years. A small piece (a meteor) which it dropped along the orbit falls to the earth, and Hirose said that it has saved life of Nichiren. 'The big achievement beneath the flash of meteoroid - Nichiren and stars. 1973.'

In any case the luminous body uncovered a plot to bury Nichiren in darkness by light.


Shijo Kingo is astonished having get over the predicament of the desperate situation, running up to the teacher to joy of the safety.

“Saint! What is most important is that you are safe.”

However, we do not know why, Nichiren did an unexpected action.

He scolded the soldiers who has put to rout.

“Here, why do you shrink from this sinful prisoner? Come closer! Come closer! What if the dawn should come? You must hurry up and execute me, once the day breaks, it will be unsightly!”

It is terrible spirit.

But the soldiers bent the body to grass and sand and shook with fear without being able to move. Even if they were valiant in the fight, they were coward about a mysterious phenomenon to death.

Nichiren still calls to them being angry.

There was no one to answer it.

The sun which shined then appeared from the far-off horizon, and day broke.

Nichiren was exposed to the direct rays of the sun and sat with his legs bent beneath in the sandy beach.

And he put hands together towards the sun, and he advocated a title of Nam-myoho-renge-kyo and prostrated himself to the ground.

Waves are breaking on the shore.

When Nichiren who prostrated himself got up the waist, solar rays lighted up the whole body of Nichiren.

Shijo Kingo, disciples and the believers of Hokibo and others trembled with this style, run and prostrated themselves to Nichiren himself.

The heavens are filled with the sun of the first genesis and light up Nichiren and his disciples.

Nichiren leaves feelings of this time in the letter which he addressed to Shijo Kingo nine days later as follows.

“In this life, as the votary of the Lotus Sutra, I was exiled, received a capital punishment. The place of the exile is Ito, and the capital punishment is Tatsunokuchi. Tatsunokuchi in Sagami country is the place where I, Nichiren, threw away own life. How could it be inferior than the Buddha land? This is because the reason is already the reason of the Lotus Sutra. The Sutra states, “there is the only Law in the countries of Buddha of the ten directions,” it will be this meaning. The only Law preached with this text of the sutra is Lotus Sutra. The others do not exist than the Lotus Sutra in the Buddha countries of the ten directions at all. This is because it says that Shakyamuni ‘removes the teachings of the means of Buddha.’ If it is so, every place where Nichiren meets a persecution will be the land of Buddha. Japan in the saha world, Sagami country in Japan, Katase in Sagami country, Tatsunokuchi in Katase, are where Nichiren put his life. Because he gave his life there for the sake of the Lotus Sutra, Tatsunokuchi deserves to be called the land of tranquil light (note). This might be what the chapter of "Divine Powers" states; “Whether in a garden, a forest . . . or in mountain valleys or the wide wilderness . . . Buddha has entered nirvana on these places.”The Tatsunokuchi Persecution’


              Continued to


Life of Nichiren Part 1 contents


(Note)

the land of tranquil light.

It is also called as the land of eternal tranquil light. One of four land which Tientai preached in the Commentary on the Meditation Sutra. It is the country where true Buddha lives. The eternity means an permanent innateness or the body, and the quiet simplicity is a meaning of Nirvana and the emancipation, and the light is a meaning of the wisdom to light up the diverse aspects. The Buddha land of this eternity, Nirvana, light is the eternal land of the tranquil light. However, Shakyamuni Buddha preached in the Tathagata life span chapter of 16th of the Lotus Sutra, "Since that, and he revealed that it was the land of the eternal tranquil light namely the saha world." Nichiren Daishonin preaches it that the address of a person maintaining a marvelous Law is the land of the eternal tranquil light.

“Now, when Nichiren and his followers chant Nam-myoho-renge-kyo, they are revealing that the phantom city is none other than the treasure land. These mountain valleys and plains where we live are all, every one of them, treasure lands of eternally tranquil light.” ‘Seven important points in the Parable of the Phantom City, Orally transmitted teachings



by johsei1129 | 2017-08-10 22:00 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)