日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

nichirengs.exblog.jp
ブログトップ
2017年 05月 04日

4 Nichiren Starts Propagation in Kmakura (6)

                      Japanese ver.


Nichiren attacked the Zen Buddhism at the same time. He vividly writes down the figure of the then Zen priest by "'the Question and Answer of Saint and the Folly" that he made a writing in 1268.

“There is the hermit walking aimlessly going like a wormwood and he go around the countries like a floating weed. He comes over before we knew it and leans on the pillar of the gate and he smile and do not talk. We doubt it and ask him a question, but he says nothing first. When weasked him a question forcibly after this, he says, ‘The moon is dusky, and the wind blows restlessly.’ He is different from an ordinary man in both the figure and the character and we cannot communicate in the language. It is Law of the Zen of the present world if we inquire into the facts.”

It is said that the Zen priest does not understand words. The Zen Buddhism is not such bad in the present age, but the teaching is not replaced in old days. The basic contents are the same.

Zen sect also denied all the sutras same as the Nembutsu. The Zen sect is said the religion that Buddha gave the essence of the Buddhism by orally transmitted through to only Mahakashyapa (note) of the disciple of Buddha not a sutra. Therefore, as for them, a text of a sutra does not have the truth, and it is said that it is useless to learn. “To transmit separately from teaching” means this. A person to transmit this hidden purpose is Zen priests beginning with Priest Dharma.

Nichiren impeaches them with anger.

“The denomination called the Zen says, 'transmit separately from teaching', and it is said that Buddha whispered to Mahakashyapa outside all the sutras secretly. Therefore, as for the person learning all sutras without knowing the Zen, it is like a dog bites thunder. It resembles that a monkey has moonlight and so on. Therefore, because they are unfilial, they were left in Japan by parents and were made to expel by a lord because they were rude. Or young Buddhist priests neglect study. This is because Zen is evil doctrine suitable for the mad nature of the harlot. Everybody became a priest to all members and, as a result, became the locust which eat the farmer of the country in this way. Therefore, heavenly god angers his eye, and the god of the earth waves the body.” ‘the Selection of the time.’

Nichiren says that the person who causes slight faith and entered Buddha Way become a pest devouring the expense of the country. Therefore, when Zen Buddhism happened, the people who easily shaved their hair to became the priest appeared one after another. The person who does not have the judgment without having no knowledge, and training himself behaves like a learned and virtuous priest. It be comes arrogant not to speak of such a human being. There is not even the common sense like indication of Nichiren.

“The Zen sect today generally violates the five constant virtues of benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, and faith. To honor the wise and virtuous, to respect the elderly, and to love the young are recognized universally as humane conduct in both Buddhist and non-Buddhist scriptures. However, the Zen priestswere until yesterday or the day before, no more than uneducated clown or barbarian, unable to distinguish black from white. But now that they have donned priestly robes, they have become so conceited that they belittle the learned and virtuous priests of the Tendai and Shingon sects. They lack courtesy, and even hope high rank. They observe none of the proper manners and think they rank higher than all others. These people are inferior to an animal.

The GreatTeacher Dengyō states in an explanatory note, that; the otter shows its respect by offering up the fish it has caught, the crow in the forest carries food to its parents and grandparents, the dove perches lower than three branches from its father, wild goose flies without disarranging the lines formed, and lambs kneel to drink their mother’s milk. He asks: even lowly animals conduct themselves with such propriety, why can human beings be lacking in courtesy? Summary. It is natural that the Zen priests are confused about Buddhism doctrine. They do not even know the morals of human beings. Is this not behavior of an evil spirit and the devil?” ‘Letter to Niike’

There is a legend that the otter displays the fish which they caught for New Year Holidays carefully and worships ancestors.The crow living in the forest carries bait so that the parent and the grandparents who brought themselves up do not starve and repays favor. It is said that the dove perches on the branch under three than a parent bird. It is well known that a wild goose does not break a line. The child of the sheep lowers the head to the parent and swallows up the milk. They follow etiquette, and even an animal is dutiful to its parents in this way. Nichiren said that it was lower than a beast to exclude this.

Then why did Zen spread out in this time?

The reason is quite clear. This was because powers-that-be believed.

The powers-that-be is regent Tokiyori Hojo. It may be said that Tokiyori is the emperor who already rules over Japan. Both the real Emperor and the commander-in-chief of the expeditionary force existed, but it was only Tokiyori that a samurai prostrated themselves.

He invited Doryu Rankei of the Zen priest from Soong. Nichiren is 25-year-old time. Tokiyori founds Kencho-ji Temple in 1253 seven years later and invites Doryu. Nichiren do declaration to establish the denomination in the ground of Awa in the same year.

Furthermore, Tokiyori became the lay priest three years later and was given the Buddhist name with Dosu-Kakuryobo. It is such the considerable adoration. The person according to Tokiyori made Zen meditation one after another. The fame of Doryu became high-pitched tempted by this, too, but Nichiren saw through him.

“Nichiren knows this and often says the mistake of the priest and common person of Japan, this is the present evil, but becomes fortune of the posterity. But the priest and common person of Japan know his behavior, they say that they respect him for fear of authority and seem to neglect him at heart.” 'Letter to lay priest Yagenta'

It was said that the Zen Buddhism has spread out among samurais, but the actual was such a condition. Live Nichiren says more at the same period. Nichiren who lived in the same period says more.

“As for breaking the manners and religious precepts of Kencho-ji Temple, Enkaku-ji Temple, a big mountain seems to collapse, and the wildness of their behavior resembles a monkey. It is vain and fruitless to think that you are helped in future if you hold a service to them.”Letter to Niike’

Tokiyori built Kencho-ji Temple, and Tokimune of the son built Enkaku-ji Temple. Both temples exist now, but Nichiren declares that it is vain to think being born to the good place in next life if holding the service to the both temples


        Continued to Appearance of Shijo Kingo


Life of Nichiren Part 1 contents


Note

Mahakasyhapa

Also, known as Kāshyapa. A son of Nikuridha of Rich Person. One of the major ten disciples of Shakyamuni Buddha, he was known as the foremost in ascetic practices. At the meeting seat in ‘the 6th Chapter, Bestowal of Mark’ of the Lotus Sutra, he received symbol distinction of the Lighting Tathagata. After death of Shakyamuni Buddha, he received protection of Ajatashatru and became the chairperson of the people who collected Buddhist Scriptures. And he gathered up sutras with more than 500 arhats at the Cave of Seven Leaves in the south of the Royal Palace Castle of Magadha country while more than a half year. In addition, he spread Hinayana as the first of successors of the Buddha Law for 20 years.

Great Teacher Dengyo

From 767 to 822. It is Saicho who became the initiator of the Japanese Tendai sect early in the Heian era. He became a priest at 12years old and received commandments for completeness in Todai-ji Temple in 785 years and he came back to the hometown once, but he entered Mt. Hiei-zan afterwards and he built the thatched hut and mastered Buddist Scriptures. He named the thatched hut to Enryaku-ji Temple in 788 years and again he changed this name to the Temple of Concentration and Insight One Vehicle in 793 years. He discussed the superiority and inferiority of more than ten scholastic people and doctrine such as Avatamska sect, Surface of Law sect and the Three Logical sect in Takao Temple in 802 years. He visited Tang in 804 years and learned the doctrines of Tendai, Zen and Shingon and he went back to Japan in the next year and established the Tendai sect in 806 years. He became the priest protecting the Emperor Saga in 813 years and continued an effort of the Mahayana Sanctuary realization that the old Buddhist sects object to. The Imperial permission of the Mahayana Sanctuary was granted on June 11 of the seventh day after he died.

Nichiren Daishonin appreciated this Mahayana Sanctuary highly. Daishonin praises "he united all the people of the Law of Buddha into one Law. This mind is surpassing Nagarjuna and Vasubandhu and seems superior to Nanyueh and Tientai.” (Selection of the Time) His disciple is Gishin, Encho, Zikaku. His book is three volumes of "Excellent Phrases of the Lotus Sutra", three volumes of "Article to Express Religious Precepts", a majority including "the Student Method of the Mountain House".

In addition, Nichiren Daishonin states, “The Great Teacher Tientai long ago was the name called Medicine King in the Assembly at Eagle Peak, next, he was born in China in the name called Tientai and he appeared again in Japan in the name called Dengyo. And their three propagations are called the Wonderful Law together.” ‘Establishing the Correct Method of Contemplation’



by johsei1129 | 2017-05-04 22:30 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)


<< 末法の本仏の立場で法華経二十八...      4 Nichiren Sta... >>