日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2017年 04月 30日

4 Nichiren Starts Propagation in kamakura (5)

                   Japanese ver.


Honen got religious precepts from head priest of the Tendai Sect, Gyogen of the 48th of the teacher. Naturally, he learns the education and researches of the Lotus Sutra and Tendai. However, it is thought that he was not able to learn the essence of the Lotus Sutra. Honen concluded that all creatures could not understand the Lotus Sutra that he was not able to understand. "Throw away, close, ignore, abandon." is only arrogance of Honen.

When we just read the Lotus Sutra, some scenes having difficulty in understanding surely come out. The treasure tower which emerge, for example, out of the ground. The Ceremony in the Air of Tathagata Taho and Shakyamuni Buddha who are float in the air, and line up in the treasure tower. The appearance of hundreds of billions of the Bodhisattvas of the earth to take propagation after death of Buddha on. Even the Maitreya-bodhisattva who was in the place said, “The Buddha, when did you lead these bodhisattvas?" He was upset about this phenomenon and doubted it. Some scenes more than the understanding of the ordinary man appear there. Honen felt his powerlessness for the elucidation of this phenomenon. After he was troubled, he changed his attitude. Honen was able to discover only a method to cling to the Amida Sutra of only 1,878 characters that himself could understand rather than all creatures understand.

The logic that is preached in Amida Sutra is very simple. It is like that if we summarize this. "There is a country of Buddha of the name that the Land of Happiness says. There is it in the place where we passed the west, the country of Buddha of a hundred billion. There is the Buddha named Amida there. The people ofthe country receive only pleasure without receiving pains. Thus, we name acountry of Buddha the Land of Happiness. Three evil paths do not exist there. If a good man and a good woman pray hearing the name of Amida absorbedly, at thetime of end, Amida Buddha appear, we can die in the Land of Happiness. Therefore, these people who heard this sutra should pray to be born in the country of this Buddha.

It be revealed by this; of Amida the content of the enlightenment of Buddha is not preached even a single word to sutra. In addition, the grounds are thin why we can die in the Land of Happiness if we pray for the name of Amida. Shariputra, man of the best wisdom, is a partner to talk to of the sutra of this Amida, buthe is a partner to talk to of the Expedient Means of the Lotus Sutra too. Shariputra asks Buddha for teaching three times at the place of the sermon of the Lotus Sutra, and Buddha begins to preach "great purpose of all Buddhas for making their advent” that appeared in saha world for the first time. In other words, Buddha reveal a very deep thought why he appeared in this saha world. Buddha says, "I will let open the wisdom of Buddha and let show the wisdom of Buddha and let perceive the wisdom of Buddha" for all creatures.

Nichiren concisely elucidate the merits and demerits of the preached before the Lotus Sutra and the Lotus Sutra in " Letter about the Messenger of Mongolia."

"The all the Laws are included to one's heart, and even one dust is not missing after all. Oneself possesses nine mountains, eight seas, too, and own mind has the sun and the month and the star. The people do not know it even if Buddha says in this way. For example, an infant is not afraid of water and fire, a blind person not be able to look his figure in a mirror. All any religion of non-Buddhism and Hinayana and provisional Mahayana preached a part of the law of one's mind. However, they not preach like the Lotus Sutra. Therefore, many sutras have merits and demerits, and the people are divided into a saint and a wise man. Because doctrine to preach increases, I stop it in this and do it with the end.”

In other words, Nichiren point out that Honen depends on the internal and external sutra to preach only partly of the law of one's mind. Nichiren shows it. Honen is a blind person who cannot see his figure floating into a mirror and is a infant who is not afraid of terrible suffering. Therefore, after death of Honen, his disciple modified Honen's doctrine and stopped throwing away all the sutras, and the person who advocated in attain Buddhahood even by other the lines appeared.

They say to accept other sutras to exchange criticism of the world. But the real intention has only the practice of Nembutsu.

Shinran who learned Honen as the teacher is this representative.

It is easy to understand that we read"the Lamenting Difference"to understand Shinran. " Lamenting the Difference” grieved over various kinds of divergent views that occurred in a religious community after Shinran death that Yui'en of the disciple of Shinran wrote down words of the teacher.

We will watch contents of "Lamentingthe difference”.

At first it is negation of the possibility. Shinran succeeds teaching of teacher Honen well.

“Attaining the Buddhahood in our body by Shingon, or the six senses purification of the Lotus sutra are the difficult ways and only the superior saint of capacity can practice it and are accomplished only after concentrating a spirit. Against this, the doctrine of the Jodo Shinsyu sect is attaining enlightenment by Amida's help in the next life. Originally if we have even faith, we can reborn in the Pure Land. It is the wide avenue which was made to attain us Buddhahood promptly.

The doctrine of the Jodo Shinshu sect is different from the doctrines of Shingon and the Lotus Sutra in this way. Therefore, you must know that it is the claim that misunderstood doctrine really that the present self can attain enlightenment while doing faith of the Jodo Shinshu sect." ShinryuUmehara translation

Shinran says giving up this world and betting on the future life. This world is meaningless if we believe Shinran. There are not the modern people having such a thought. But the reason why there is no end to suicides may come from the teaching of Nembutsu to escape from the world to. The suicide per 100,000of Japan is 18.5 people, and this is the 17th place in the world. It is the first place in G8. When they are hard or difficult, they become feeble, and kill their life. Shinran is in danger than a drug. We remember that Shandao of the founder of the Chinese Nembutsu hanged himself with the tree of willow. Shandao killed his life saying the world was filled with sufferings.

Nichiren writes it down about the suicide of priest Shandao as follows.

"He became the great deadly foe of the Buddhas of the three existences, and he repeated a mistake of great slandering Buddha's teachings that he lose seeds of the attaining Buddhahood of the tathagatas of the ten direction. This is a cause to be the reward of the big crime, and to enter the great castle of the hell of the incessant suffering.

Therefore, he would go crazy immediately. He climbed the tree of willow in front of his temple and he hanged himself and threw the body and he have died of himself. The curse of the evil doctrine does not turn a heel. We watch divine punishment here.

He said at the last end; ‘I hate about my body. I am blamed by various sufferings, and there is not rest for a while either.’ He climbed the tree of willow in front of the temple and he prayed toward the west and said in this way. 'Please authority God of Buddha, please rescue me. The Bodhisattva of Kannon and Wisdom, please come and help me.’ He finished advocating it in this way and threw his body from the blue willow and committed suicide. However, he hanged himself on March 17 and flew, but he fell on the firm soil of the large drought and hit the backbone and broke it. It may be the rope which he bound was sharp or the branch of the willow broke.

He fainted in agony during seven days on 7th up to 24th and crawled and turned around and he yelled and cried and has died in this way.” ‘Nembutsu is Hell of Incessant Suffering’

Saicho of the Great Teacher Dengyo was born approximately 400 years before Shinran, and says.

“You must not to believe all scholars of the non-justice and must not receive it. What is the reason? A disciple falls again in the place where a teacher falls, and a follower drops there too. Why we may not be careful with a golden clear teaching? May not be careful? “

"A disciple falls again in the place where a teacher falls.” These words hit the mark. Wecan recognize that the teacher and disciple of Honen and Shinran let Japanese make degenerate remarkably between these several hundred years.


            continued to (6)

Life of Nichiren Part 1 contents




by johsei1129 | 2017-04-30 20:15 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)


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