日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

nichirengs.exblog.jp
ブログトップ
2017年 04月 22日

4 Nichiren Starts Propagation in Kamakura (4)

                        Japanese ver.


Nichiren continued criticizing the other religion at the same time. "Nembutsu is the hell of incessant suffering, the Zen is an evil spirit, Shingon destroy the country, Precepts Sect is traitor."

It means that the person chanting Nembutsu falls into the hell of incessant suffering. Nembutsu almost had force as it become a state religion in those days. Nichiren repeated criticism to Nembutsu mainly. Scholars of Nembutsu despise that Nichiren is one person and they attacked him, but Nichiren counterattacks by a shield of the doctrine of Buddha. There was not the person who matched Nichiren in a discussion of the doctrine of Buddhism

By the way,the Nembutsu sect (the Jodo Shinshu sect), Zen Buddhism (Soto sect), Shingon comes in the present age. Four denominations which added a denomination of Nichiren to this survived until the present age. In other words, a denomination created in the Kamakura era just survived until the present age. There is the age of civil strife after the Kamakura era, and there is the Meiji Restoration, and there was the defeat of the Showa, but, in these four denominations, it is witha basic tone of the Japanese mind structure regardless of awareness, lack ofself-consciousness without changing.

In addition,the Ritsu sect was transmitted by a Buddhist priest of Tang, Ganzin, in 754. However, it became outdated early because the doctrine of the Ritsu sect established the high sanctuary to become a priest and only granted religious precepts. Christianity to preach Moses' Ten Commandments came up in substitution for this. However, Christianity does not preach the three existences, and do not preach the retribution of cause and effect either; Christianity of non-Buddhism, so to speak, hardly spreads in Buddhism country Japan.

By the way, the population ratio of the Christianity believer in Japan is only around 1.5% now. In addition, birthplace India of the Buddhism became the British colony, but the Hinduism that preached samsara of three existences (past, present, future) and the retribution of the cause and effect penetrated to the people this country, and Christianity almost did not spread. The believer population ratio according to the Indian denomination, Hinduism is approximately 80%, Islam 13%, Christianity approximately 2%, the Buddhism do not reach 1%.

In addition, Christianity never spread out in China which was a Buddhism country. Folk belief (Taoism) is under the population ratio according to the modern Chinese denomination in a little less than 80%, Buddhism a little less than 13%, irreligion a little over 12%, Islam 2%, and Christianity is a little over 2%.

Nembustu that Honen advocated were all the rage in this time. Honen died ten years before Nichiren was born, but the teaching of Honen breathed for people of the Kamakura era vividly.

Nichiren criticizes Nembutsu as the prime example of the evil religion from the root. It was to criticize initiator Honen of the source to criticize Nenbutsu sect of Buddhism.

The Nenbutsu sect of Buddhism survives until the present age, but nobody evaluates Honen who is the founder. The reason is because Nichiren elucidated it how a doctrine of Honen came off from a text of a sutra.

The claim of Honen is like that.

Because the teaching except three Pure Land Sutra is difficult for to take enlightenment for people, destroy all it.

Therefore, he told people to abandon all sutras such as the Lotus Sutra, the Kegon Sutra and the Golden Best Sutra which Buddha preached, close it, ignore it and throw it away. So-called;"throw away, close, ignore, abandon."

Honen, in his own way, interpreted the golden words of Buddha that "the clear law that Buddha preached would hide and sink when the Latter Day of the Law."

It is preached on the Sutra of the Great Assembly (the 15th Bodhisattva Moon Storehouse) in this way.

“Shakyamuni Buddha addressed Bodhisattva Moon Storehouse, stating: The first Five-hundred-year Period after my death will be the age of emancipation, and the next Five-hundred-year Period will be the age of meditation, which will add up to one thousand years. The third Five-hundred-year Period will be the age of reading, reciting, and listening, and the next Five-hundred-year Period will be the age of building temples and stupas, which will account for two thousand years. The last Five-hundred-year Period will be the age of conflict within the teachings that I have expounded. This will cause the pure Law to become obscured and lost.”

This text of the sutra became the grounds of the thought of the Latter Day of the Law.

Nichiren also criticized other religions and elucidated that the way of attaining Buddhahood for human beingsof the Latter Day of the Law only exists in the Lotus Sutra. However, Nichiren quotes a lot of Buddhist scriptures except the Lotus Sutra in his writings and recognize the value of all sutras of Buddha. Nichiren placed the Lotus Sutra with the ultimate best teaching and, with that in mind, used all the Buddhist sutra.

In addition, Honen said the other than three sutras (Immortality Sutra, Meditation Immortality Sutra, Amida Sutra)of the pure land is the gate of the sacred path.

He preached. The teaching except three sutras is for a person with excellent ability, common people cannot attain Buddhahood in the Latter day of the Law. By this doctrine, he said that if we chant the name the Amida Buddha, we can attain Buddhahood in the afterlife. And he called this the gate of easy practice.

Honen says.

"There is not the tathagata Amida in real world. We can come across Amida who is in the other country after death. There is no attaining Buddhahood but to wait for the future life." However, this logic is words to lead to present negation.

We find hope or a thing such as the possibility in a hard everyday living in the root. It may be said that it is instinct. Honen closed the cap of such human being original emotions. This place to go, and to arrive is escapism, and only despair remains. That is why Nichiren called Nembutsu the hell of incessant suffering.

Hell is not a story of the future life. If we deny hope or possibility, only pains are left.

Nichiren uncovered wicked doctrine of Honen in this way, but knew that the logic of Honen did not too have consistency when the scholar of Nembutsu to be hostile to Nichiren checked a doctrine of Honen. Nembutsu spread out only naturally, but was not able to refute it at all when attacked from the document of all the sutras by Nichiren.

Therefore, there is not the person evaluating Honen in the present day. Furthermore, there are not the people who praise the contents of "the Selection of Nembutsu" of his writing.


                 continued


Life of Nichiren Part 1 contents



by johsei1129 | 2017-04-22 22:55 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)


<< 四十六、二月騒動の顛末      4 Nichiren Star... >>