日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2017年 04月 22日

4 Nichiren Starts Propagation in Kamakura (4)

                        Japanese edition


Nichiren continued criticizing the other religion at the same time. "Nembutsu is the hell of incessant suffering, the Zen is the work of evil spirit, Shingon destroy the country, Religious Precepts Sect is the act of treason to the country."
 It means that the person chanting Nembutsu falls into the hell of incessant suffering. Nembutsu had force as if almost becoming the state religion in those days.
Nichiren repeated criticizing Nembutsu mainly. Scholars of Nembutsu despised that Nichiren is one person, and they attacked, but Nichiren counterattacks by using the shield of the doctrine of Buddha. There was not the person who matched Nichiren in a discussion of the doctrine of Buddhism.

By the way, the Nembutsu sect (the Jodo Shinshu sect), Zen Buddhism (Soto sect), and Shingon, has been handed down up till the present. Four denominations which added the Nichiren sect survived until the present. In other words, a denomination which had been created in the Kamakura era just survived until the present. There is the times of civil wars after the Kamakura era, and there is the Meiji Restoration, and there was the defeat of the Showa, but, these four religious sects are the basic tone of the mind structure of Japanese without changing regardless of awareness lack of self-consciousness.

In addition, in AD 754, the Ritsu (religious precepts)sect was handed down by a Buddhist priest Ganzin of Tang. However, it became outdated early because the doctrine of the Ritsu sect established the sanctuary to let people make a priest and only granted religious precepts. Although Christianity to preach Ten Commandments came up in substitution for this, Christianity does not preach the three existences, past, the present and future, and either not preach the reward and punishment of cause and effect. This Christianity of non-Buddhism, so to speak, hardly is spreading in Buddhism country Japan.

By the way, the population ratio of the Christianity believer in Japan is only around 1.5% now.In addition, although India of the Buddhism birthplace became the British colony once, the Hinduism that preached the metempsychosis of three existences (past, present, future) and preached the reward and punishment of the cause and effect penetrated to the people this country, and Christianity almost did not spread. The population ratio of the believer according to the Indian denomination is Hinduism approximately 80%, Islam 13%, Christianity approximately 2% and Buddhism does not reach 1%.

Besides, Christianity never propagated in China which was a Buddhism country. The population ratio of the modern Chinese denomination is the native religion (Taoism) less than 80%, Buddhism less than 13%, irreligion 12%, Islam 2%, and Christianity 2%.


Nembustu that Honen advocated were all the rage in this time. Honen has passed away ten years before Nichiren was born, but the teachings of Honen have been breathing to people of the Kamakura era vividly. Nichiren criticizes Nembutsu from the root doctrine as the prime example of the most evil religion.To criticize Nembutsu sect was to criticize initiator Honen of the source.
The Nembutsu religious sect survives until the present times, but nobody evaluates Honen who is the founder. The reason is because Nichiren clarified it that the doctrine of Honen deviated too terrible from a text of a sutra.

The claim of Honen is this.
 Because the teachings except three Pure Land Sutra are difficult enlightenment for the common mortal, destroy all it. Therefore, he told people to abandon all sutras such as the Lotus Sutra, the Kegon Sutra and the Golden Best Sutra which Buddha preached, close it, ignore it and throw it away. it is so-called; throw away, close, ignore, abandon.
 Honen interpreted the golden words of Buddha who had said that "the clear Law that Buddha preached would hide and sink when the times of the latter day of the Law began" in his own way.

It is preached on the Sutra of the Great Assembly (the 15th Bodhisattva Moon Storehouse) in this way.

“Shakyamuni Buddha decided the times of future to Bodhisattva Moon Storehouse, stating: The first five-hundred-year period after my death will be the times of self-emancipation, and the next five-hundred-year period will be the times of meditation. With the above it is one thousand years. The third five-hundred-year period will be the era of reading, reciting, and listening, and the next five-hundred-year period will be the times of building temples and statue. With the above it is two thousand years. The last five-hundred-year period will be the times of fight and disceptation within the teachings that I have preached, this will cause the pure Law to become obscured and lost”.

This text of the sutra became the grounds of the thought of the latter day of the Law.
 Nichiren also criticized other religions and elucidated that the way of attaining Buddhahood for human beings of the latter day of the Law exists only in the Lotus Sutra. However, Nichiren quotes a lot of Buddhist scriptures excepting the Lotus Sutra in his writings, recognizes the value of all sutras of Buddha. Nichiren placed the Lotus Sutra to the ultimate best teachings and, with that in mind, revived all the Buddhist sutra.
 In addition, Honen said the other sutras except sutras (Immortality Sutra, Meditation Immortality Sutra, Amida Sutra)of the pure land are the gate of the sacred path.

He preached. Although the teachings except three sutras are suitable for a person of excellent ability, common people of the latter day of the Law cannot understand it and therefore not become Buddha. By this doctrine, he said that if we chant the name of Amida Buddha, we can attain Buddhahood in the afterlife. And he called this the gate of easy practice.
 Honen says.
 "There is not the Tathagata Amida in real world. We can come across Amida who is in the other country after death. It cannot but wait for the future life for becoming Buddha". However, this logic is words to lead to present negation.

We seek a hope or a thing such as the possibility within even tough daily life unconsciously. It may be said that it is instinct. Honen closed the cap of emotions of such human being. This result is escapism, and only despair remains. That is why Nichiren called Nembutsu the hell of incessant suffering.
 Hell is not a story of the future life. If we deny hope or possibility, only pains are left.
 Nichiren uncovered wicked doctrine of Honen in this way, but they had known that the logic of Honen did not too have consistency when the scholar of Nembutsu to be hostile to Nichiren checked a doctrine of Honen. Nembutsu spread only naturally, they could not refute it at all when attacked from the document of all the sutras by Nichiren.
 Therefore, there is not the person evaluating Honen in the present day. Furthermore, there are not the people who praise the contents of "the Selection of Nembutsu" of his writing.


                 continued to (5)


Life of Nichiren. Vol. 1. Contents



by johsei1129 | 2017-04-22 22:55 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)


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