日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2017年 06月 24日

2 People of Seichoji Temple of the Hometown (3)

                      Japanese version


Renchō left Kamakura and aimed at Mutsura, present Yokohama at that time. This is because it gets into a boat. A ship arrived at Awa early and comfortably than person goes around around Tokyo Bay on foot.

But it was cumbrous that there was the checkpoint on the way.

People crowded in front of the checkpoint.
Travelers take out money and pay it to a government official. The person without the money held out brown rice. This checkpoint was built just recently. Therefore, all the people were getting angry.

A priest was chatting with a samurai in the hall of the checkpoint.

That priest wears a poor priest robe, but he gains weight a little and looks healthy.

He was called the name Ninshō, and a popular name was called Ryōkan.

He is from Yamato. He climbed Mt. Shigisan at 10 years old and trained himself. At the age of 17, he received the religious precept at ordination hall of Tōdaiji Temple. He studied under famous Eison as a distinguished priest about Shingon Religious Precept sect and, at the age of 24, became a priest. And he went to the Kantō district in 1252 and entered Kamakura in 1262 and spread Religious Precepts Sect.

This Buddhist priest receives strong trust of the Shogunate. Gokurakuji temple is founded in 1259 by Shigetoki Hojou of the third son of second regent Yoshitoki Hojo, and Ryokan becomes the founder.

Ryōkan is unique.

Ryokan was managed this checkpoint. It is unexpectedly that a priest managed the means of transportation, but a priest was engaged in the administration of such facilities mainly in those days.

It is not still long since becoming the world of samurai. The Shogunate which Hojo leads is not stable in its finance. Samurais spent all their time with battle until now. They do not have senses of economy at all. Even if they were good at the struggle, the ability for rule was no match for the court noble. The public works projects to build a bridge and the road are impossible in this. Therefore, priests who belonged to an educated class, and with abundant financial power played a key role, and the maintenance of the country was pushed forward.

The center of the politics is Kamakura, but the economy is Kyoto at that time. It was priests from Kinki to have grasped a fund of Kyoto.

Ryokan gained the favor of the Shogunate by the abundant fund again and strengthened power. What we think he is from Todaiji is a large-scale fundraising activity for the rebuilding of the Great Buddha of Nara which was performed 70 years ago. He from Todaiji Temple learned this collection system of money and came over to Kanto.

The person that Ryokan was talking with was Shigetoki Hojo. He is a strong believer of Nembutsu. His father is Yoshitoki Hojo who built the prosperity of the Shogunate.

Therefore, Shigetoki controlled an important post of the Shogunate for granted. Nagatoki, his child, became the regent after succeeding Tokimune. It was famous lineage among Hojo.

Shigetoki took a cup in satisfactory mind while looking at the standpoint.

Government officials of the barrier carried a large quantity of money, the Sung Coin which imported from China (note), which they collected from passersby. The copper money has a hole midmost. Government officials thread this hole with a string and make by 1000. These 1000 pieces were called one kan in those days. One kan is 180 liters of rice, and the then value of money is approximately 50,000 yen in the present. Money called thousands kan was piled in heaps in this way. The rice was piled up like a mountain, too. The people called this "the rice of the barrier of Mutsura".

Ryōkan and Shigetoki Hojo talk peacefully.

Shigetoki was pleasant.

"Gee, you thought carefully. To make a barrier, and to collect rice and money. A country samurai cannot think of anything. It is a good idea!”

Pot-bellied Ryōkan begins to talk to Shigetoki in a tone to persuade.

"Kamakura needs public works more. This method helps the finance of the Shogunate, and it becomes the happiness of a poor person if we collect tax from people thinly widely in this way. It comes true on the way of Buddha to teach in our religious precept sect in this.”

Shigetoki gets moderately drunk.

"I am thankful. Because the ascetic practices of the Ritsu sect have only to follow religious precepts, it is easy."

Ryōkan answered.

""I believe that our denomination is one united body with the Shogunate. If there is a ruling class, there is a priest. I devote myself to the Shogunate in this way, but there is a trouble that a temple of Kamakura is slightly small now. Lord, thank you in advance

It was so. In fact, there is a plan to build the temple on my land of Kamakura. The temple is called Gokurakuji. I am seeking a priest now.”

"That is the good true story. It will lead to prosperity of my lord if you leave the temple to me.”

Shigetoki nodded for a proposal of Ryokan as having had thought came true.

There was Renchō in the line of the traveler sullenly at the entrance of the barrier. He took out the money from the bag and offered it to the officials.



    continued to 'Nichiren Declares the Establishment of True Buddhism in the Hometown on Readiness.'


table of contents Part 1


note

North Sung coin (three pieces on the left) south Sung coin (others)

f0301354_18182309.jpg






by johsei1129 | 2017-06-24 17:38 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)


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