日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

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2015年 10月 11日

聖人知三世事一 A Sage Knows the Three Existences of Life 1


 聖人と申すは委細(いさい)に三世を知るを聖人と云う。

A sage is one who fully understands the three existences of life—past, present, and future.

A sage is one who knows in full the three existences of life —past, present and future.

儒家(じゅけ)の三(こう)・五(てい)並びに三(しょう)(ただ)現在を知つて()()を知らず、

The Three Sovereigns, Five Emperors, and Three Sages referred to in Confucianism understood only the present; they knew neither the past nor the future.

The three Rulers and Five Emperors described inConfucianism, and the Three Sages of ancient China understood the present, but knew nothing of past or future existences.

外道(げどう)は過去八万・未来八万を知る一(ぶん)の聖人なり。

Brahmanists, however, were able to see eighty thousand kalpas into the past and future, thus in a small way resembling sages.

The ascetics of the Brahman teachings could see back eighty thousand kalpas into the past and eighty thousand kalpas forward into the future and therefore, could, in a sense, be called sages.

小乗の二乗は過去・未来の因果を知る外道(げどう)(すぐ)れたる聖人なり。

People of the two vehicles of the Hinayana teachings were aware of the causes and effects in the past and future. Hence they were superior to the Brahmanists.

Persons of the Two Vehicles [Learning and Realization] of Hinayana Buddhism were sages superior to the Brahman ascetics because they were aware of the workings of cause and effect including past and future existences.

小乗の菩薩は過去三僧祇(そうぎ)菩薩、通教の菩薩は過去に動踰(どうゆ)塵劫(じんこう)経歴(きょうりゃく)せり。別教の菩薩は一一の位の中に多倶(たぐ)低劫(ていこう)の過去を知る。

The Hinayana bodhisattvas spent three asamkhya kalpas in the past in their practice, and the bodhisattvas of the connecting teaching spent as many kalpas as there are dust particles in the past in their practice.The bodhisattvas of the specific teaching knew myriad kotis of kalpas in the past in each of the stages of their practice.

Hinayana Bodhisattvas had practiced austerities for three asogi kalpas while Bodhisattvas of the Connecting Teaching carried out their austerities for a period somewhat longer than a dust-particle kalpa, and those of the Specific teaching practiced for a koti kalpa to attain each of thefifty-two stages leading to enlightenment.


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by johsei1129 | 2015-10-11 15:30 | PASSAGE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)


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