日蓮大聖人『御書』解説

nichirengs.exblog.jp
ブログトップ
2017年 06月 25日

3 Nichiren Declares the Establishment of True Buddhism in the Hometown on Readiness.(1) 

               Japanese version
f0301354_21250859.jpg

            From Biography of Nichiren Daishōnin


Rencho arrived at Kominato of Awa in the hometown.

He feels nostalgic about the smell of the tide of sea.

Rencho walks the slope of the mountain.

He saw there was the Seichōji Temple uphill.

There were Buddhist priests of the child. Probably they would get tired of the cleaning of the door front, because they forced the leaf which they collected each other.

Rencho called to them smilingly.

“Hey, you must not quarrel.”

Boys suspected a priest to call to intimately, but noticed it before long.

“Possibly, is it Mr. Renchō?”

When Rencho nods, boys run in a hurry to the main hall of the temple.

He entered the precincts of temple.

His parents, Doenbo, Jokenbo, Gijobo, O’ama meet him.

Rencho greeted them with a broad smile.

"I , Rencho, just have returned from the Enryakuji Temple."

Umegiku of mother is already filled with tears and was going to call to a child, but words fail her. Dozenbo put hands together seeing the figure of the smart and manly Rencho unintentionally.Nun O'ama smiled like seeing the growth of her child. Jokenbo and Gijobo of the senior disciple met Rencho who has grown up and become really big, with dazzling eyes. And boys are looking from the back of adults with interest.


Night has advanced, and a banquet began.

A boy hits the hand drum.

Rencho sat down at the head of the table, and Dozenbo and O'ama sat down on his both sides. Enchibo, Jokenbo, Gijobo and other priests of Seichoji temple lined up on the left side and Mikuni Tayu of father, Umegiku of mother and believers of the Seichoji lined up on the right side. Everybody talks with a smile in admiration that Rencho grew up magnificently.

Mikuni Tayu was proud of praise to Rencho from all, and there was the feeling embarrassed, too. Umegiku was just glad that Rencho came back to the Seichoji safely.

On the other hand, Rencho was thinking about the tomorrow's first sermon with the eyes which occasionally looked at the long distance.


The next morning, the precincts of temple were still dark.

Dozenbo looked in the room of Rencho so that he shares a religious service of the morning, but he cannot see Rencho.

He asked a boy monk.

“Where did Rencho go to?”

"Yes, he already said that he went to the Kasaga forest and went out."


There was the hillside which could look around the Pacific.

Kasaga forest was going to greet morning, but it is still dark.

There was a sea of the large Pacific large just ahead of Rencho.

The eastern sky is lightening.

Light sparkles beyond the horizon subtly.

It was the morning of 28th in April, 1253. The sun which did not change during several billions of years shined now and rose.

Rencho chants it with a vibrant voice to the universe.

“Nam-myoho-renge-kyo, Nam-myoho-renge-kyo. Nam-myoho-renge-kyo.”


                Contunued


Life of Nichiren Part 1 contents



# by johsei1129 | 2017-06-25 00:25 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 24日

2 People of Seichō-ji Temple of the Hometown (3)

                      Japanese version


Renchō left Kamakura and aimed at Mutsura, present Yokohama at that time. This is because it gets into a boat. A ship arrived at Awa early and comfortably than person goes around around Tokyo Bay on foot.

But it was cumbrous that there was the checkpoint on the way.

People crowded in front of the checkpoint.
Travelers take out money and pay it to a government official. The person without the money held out brown rice. This checkpoint was built just recently. Therefore, all the people were getting angry.

A priest was chatting with a samurai in the hall of the checkpoint.

That priest wears a poor priest robe, but he gains weight a little and looks healthy.

He was called the name Ninshō, and a popular name was called Ryōkan.

He is from Yamato. He climbed Mt. Shigisan at 10 years old and trained himself. At the age of 17, he received the religious precept at ordination hall of Tōdaiji Temple. He studied under famous Eison as a distinguished priest about Shingon Religious Precept sect and, at the age of 24, became a priest. And he went to the Kantō district in 1252 and entered Kamakura in 1262 and spread Religious Precepts Sect.

This Buddhist priest receives strong trust of the Shogunate. Gokurakuji temple is founded in 1259 by Shigetoki Hojou of the third son of second regent Yoshitoki Hojo, and Ryokan becomes the founder.

Ryōkan is unique.

Ryokan was managed this checkpoint. It is unexpectedly that a priest managed the means of transportation, but a priest was engaged in the administration of such facilities mainly in those days.

It is not still long since becoming the world of samurai. The Shogunate which Hojo leads is not stable in its finance. Samurais spent all their time with battle until now. They do not have senses of economy at all. Even if they were good at the struggle, the ability for rule was no match for the court noble. The public works projects to build a bridge and the road are impossible in this. Therefore, priests who belonged to an educated class, and with abundant financial power played a key role, and the maintenance of the country was pushed forward.

The center of the politics is Kamakura, but the economy is Kyoto at that time. It was priests from Kinki to have grasped a fund of Kyoto.

Ryokan gained the favor of the Shogunate by the abundant fund again and strengthened power. What we think he is from Todaiji is a large-scale fundraising activity for the rebuilding of the Great Buddha of Nara which was performed 70 years ago. He from Todaiji Temple learned this collection system of money and came over to Kanto.

The person that Ryokan was talking with was Shigetoki Hojo. He is a strong believer of Nembutsu. His father is Yoshitoki Hojo who built the prosperity of the Shogunate.

Therefore, Shigetoki controlled an important post of the Shogunate for granted. Nagatoki, his child, became the regent after succeeding Tokimune. It was famous lineage among Hojo.

Shigetoki took a cup in satisfactory mind while looking at the standpoint.

Government officials of the barrier carried a large quantity of money, the Sung Coin which imported from China (note), which they collected from passersby. The copper money has a hole midmost. Government officials thread this hole with a string and make by 1000. These 1000 pieces were called one kan in those days. One kan is 180 liters of rice, and the then value of money is approximately 50,000 yen in the present. Money called thousands kan was piled in heaps in this way. The rice was piled up like a mountain, too. The people called this "the rice of the barrier of Mutsura".

Ryōkan and Shigetoki Hojo talk peacefully.

Shigetoki was pleasant.

"Gee, you thought carefully. To make a barrier, and to collect rice and money. A country samurai cannot think of anything. It is a good idea!”

Pot-bellied Ryōkan begins to talk to Shigetoki in a tone to persuade.

"Kamakura needs public works more. This method helps the finance of the Shogunate, and it becomes the happiness of a poor person if we collect tax from people thinly widely in this way. It comes true on the way of Buddha to teach in our religious precept sect in this.”

Shigetoki gets moderately drunk.

"I am thankful. Because the ascetic practices of the Ritsu sect have only to follow religious precepts, it is easy."

Ryōkan answered.

""I believe that our denomination is one united body with the Shogunate. If there is a ruling class, there is a priest. I devote myself to the Shogunate in this way, but there is a trouble that a temple of Kamakura is slightly small now. Lord, thank you in advance

It was so. In fact, there is a plan to build the temple on my land of Kamakura. The temple is called Gokurakuji. I am seeking a priest now.”

"That is the good true story. It will lead to prosperity of my lord if you leave the temple to me.”

Shigetoki nodded for a proposal of Ryokan as having had thought came true.

There was Renchō in the line of the traveler sullenly at the entrance of the barrier. He took out the money from the bag and offered it to the officials.



    continued to 'Nichiren Declares the Establishment of True Buddhism in the Hometown on Readiness.'


table of contents Part 1


note

North Sung coin (three pieces on the left) south Sung coin (others)

f0301354_18182309.jpg






# by johsei1129 | 2017-06-24 17:38 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 22日

2 People of Seichō-ji Temple of the Hometown(2)

                   Japanese version


At that time, they could hear people's voice of the front gate.
"Did Rencho return home?"
Ō'ama was restless.
All members proceed to the entrance hall.
Buddhist priests of the temple are quarrelling with samurais who rode a horse at the door front.
One of the samurais, Kagenobu Tojo of the land steward was staring with a fearless look.
He is a guest who has not invited. Disappointment clouded their features.
Kagenobu Tojo looked down all people of the Seichoji Temple.

“Well well! Everyone of the Seichoji temple, you are all together here, are not you? I thought today to decide the longtime land dispute and came over.”

Young Jokenbo glared at Kagenobu and criticize. He is a senior disciple to Renchō.
“Dear Tojo, what do you say? You are not permitted the selfish behavior in this temple despite a land steward.”
Kagenobu looked the other way.
"I manage this whole area. I am ruling this land by the instruction of Kamakura shogunate that is leader of the samurai family."
Likewise, the senior disciple Gijobo rebutted with determination.
"It is effective on the land which the land steward rules over. Your control is powerless against this temple.”
Kagenobu do not hear in silence. He retorts to Gijobo under the shelter of shogunate's influence.

"However, it is a fact that there are some people against Kamakura. It is what is not permitted that old-fashioned temples behave selfishly.”
This issue is about the crisis of the Seichoji temple. Jokenbo hunt down Kagenobu without flinching.

"You appeal to Lord Kamakura if so and should decide which is right!"

Dozenbō could not bear to see the fight between his disciples and land steward and stepped in between them.

"Steward Kagenobu, actually, the person who is called Rencho of my disciple finished long ascetic practices in the Enryakuji Temple and will return here today or tomorrow. We are busy with preparations to invite him to now. Excuse me, but it is not quarrelling time now."

Kagenobu was fearless.

“Well. I come again sometime soon, but you should prepare. If you have the slightest an unpardonable thing, I come to control you."

Kagenobu went away horseback.

In opening up the Kamakura Shogunate, Minamoto Yoritomo dispatched the samurai to his ruling place and set up land stewards and governors. Although he entered the ruling area, it was not the whole country but the eastern area from Kinki, and in addition it was out of the territory of the temple.
However, the fight of the boundary line happened consistently when a land steward was installed next door of the territory of the temple.


               continued to (3)


table of contents Part 1




# by johsei1129 | 2017-06-22 07:17 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 18日

2 People of Seichō-ji Temple of the Hometown(1)

                  Japanese version   


There was Awa country on the south edge of present Chiba Boso Peninsula.

The sunlight seemed to be subtropical.

The temple in the middle of the mountain, Seichoji was looking down the Pacific Ocean.

Unlike the capital here, there is calmness. In the temple, the little monks were sweeping out the wide gate.

A laughter sounded at the auditorium of Seichoji Temple.

The statue of the Bohisattva Space Treasury, the principal worship, is being enshrined in the auditorium. People waiting for the return of Renchō were in this auditorium.

Tayū Mikuni is the father of Renchō, mother is Umegiku-nyo, Nun O'ama of the believer from old times, Dozenbo of the chief priest, Jokenbo of the disciple, Gijobo and others were sitting down in a ring .

Nun Ō'ama is a strong supporter of this temple. Dozenbo is the teacher of Renchō. Gijobo, Jokenbo are the senior disciple of Renchō. Everyone knows Renchō from childhood.

Obliging Nun O'ama talks smilingly.

" Renchō was really a smart child. Everybody was to know, but I had favored Rencho since he was young. It is already 12 years with an early thing. It will be that he certainly became an excellent priest."

O'ama was a widow of Hojo Tomotokiin that was the founder of the Nago'e line of Hojo clan. Tomotoki’s older brother is Yasutoki Hojo who is famous as a great politician. Nun Ō'ama was rooted in this land by the relations that her husband was the feudal lord of Awa..

She is willing to care people, and favored parents and child of Renchō and provided mental and material support.

Tayu Mikuni humble lower his head to O'ama whom he met after a long absence.

"Rencho became a priest by help really of Mrs. O'ama in this temple and was able to train himself in the Enryakuji Temple. I would like to thank you again as a father."

Umegiku of mother loaded it with thought of the repayment of kindness to similarly Rencho growing up, and coming back to the Seichoji temple safely and lowered the head to O'ama.

"I was impatiently waiting Rencho became an excellent priest and came back to this Awa. Besides, there is not such a happiness as mother to listen to sermon of Rencho in this temple which he climbed at 12 years old. "

O'ama talks to Dozenbo of the aged chief priest.

"He seemed to have done considerable ascetic practices in a famous temple with a venerable history of Kyoto and Nara such as Shitenno-ji Temple or Yakushi-ji Temple including Mt. Hiei-zan. I am unbearable by pleasure what kind of sermon he does."

Dozenbo has begun to talk artlessly.

"Who knows? Rencho surely surpassed it in a childhood in this temple, but how did it fare with him in Enryakuji temple where the cleverest boy of the countries gathered? Because the lotus head has obstinate character, I am slightly uneasy what kind of sermon he does.”

Dōzenbo looled after Renchō from 12 years old to 20 years old and brought him up. He is existence like second father.

Nun Ō'ama begins to chuckle.

"Hey, Dozenbo's anxious mind began again."

All members had contagious grin.

It was peaceful atmosphere, but there was the person who was not glad of Rencho coming home.

Old priest Enchibō and Dōgibō whispered at the corner of the temple.

“Rencho is worthless. After all, he came back to the original country temple without making a success in life in a temple of Kyoto however he trained himself in Mt. Hiei-zan. He can do nothing. If Rencho intends to succeed Dozenbo, this is a perfect scream.

"Dozenbo of faintheartedness may think that his one supporter increased, but this Seichoji is under the control of us.

They chuckled.

There is the power struggle in world of any place.

Enchibō and Dōgibo were influential people of the Seichoji Temple. Especially Enchibō bowed three times for one character in the Seichoji and spent three years writing the Lotus Sutra [note], and he memorized ten text of the Lotus Sutra. And it is said that he had read two texts of the Lotus Sutra in single night a day during 50 years. The masses of the temple praised that Enchibō is sure to become the Buddha. Therefore, he was arrogant. He was ruling Seichoji Temple with Dōgibō. There, the young monk who returned from Mt. Hiei has appeared. They cannot feel interesting.


             continued


table of contents Part 1



[note]

Lotus Sutra

"Sad Dharma Pundarika Sutra" (The sacred book which is clean and mysterious like a white lotus flower) in Sanskrit.

As for the translation in Chinese, 16 kinds have been conveyed including partial translation and a different book, but three books exist with complete form. Among them, because the translation of Kumarajiva spread most widely, in general speaking of the Lotus Sutra means his translation.

The reason why Buddha assumed the symbol of this sutra a white lotus flower is because a lotus flower blooms from mud unlike other trees and plants. Because this makes a clean large white bloom without being stained with mud meaning worldly desires, it is said that shows the idea that worldly desires are in themselves enlightenment. In addition, the lotus flower symbolizes that cause and effect are simultaneous together because it let fruit (underground stem) bloom at the same time. The place of origin of the lotus flower is India, and it is thought that a lot of lotus flowers grew in the area that Shakyamuni Buddha propagated.

The Lotus Sutra in the Latter Day of the Law is Nam-myoho-renge-kyo of the three great secret of the Law, Nichiren Daishonin preached it.

Now, in this age of the Latter Day of the Law, neither the Lotus Sutra nor the other sutras have the power to save the people. Only Nam-Myoho-Renge-Kyo can lead all people to Buddhahood. This is not just my own interpretation. It is the judgement of Shakyamuni Buddha, Taho Buddha and all the Buddhas in the ten directions as well as the innumerable Bodhisattvas of the Earth.”  ‘The Teaching for the Latter Day of the Law’

f0301354_23073205.jpg




# by johsei1129 | 2017-06-18 22:35 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 17日

1, Journey to Home (3)

                  Japanese version


Rencho went to the east along the shore and came to the execution grounds of Tatsunokuchi (the mouth of the dragon).

He could see Enoshima Island.
High-rise buildings line up and are full of a surfer and tourists now, but there was a execution place in those days. Even now, human bones that are supposed to have been executed have been found near here.

People were gathering here.

A sinner was brought to Tatsunokuchi..

There was a hole in the center of the sandy beach for cutting off the neck.

The official tells a crime sentence.

"This person committed a theft in Kamakura and, besides, murdered a person. The crime is not light. Although each place is famine, and food is scarce, this is behavior unworthy of the resident of the capital. Therefore, we behead him.”

The officer of beheading drew a sword bluntly.

The sinner who had been quiet until now has acted violently as soon as blindfolded.
"No, please help me, I do not want to die."
The officials surround sinner, suppressed him, and push his neck into the hole.
The sinner shook his head.
The officer chanted "Namu-Amida-Butsu", cutting off the sinner's neck with a single blow.
The scream of the crowd broke out.


Rencho stayed overnight at a temple of his relationship and walked the downtown of Kamakura again.

He visited the temple belonging to the Zen sect.

A dozen samurai is sitting with crossed legs for meditation (note).

The Zen Buddhism was popular among samurais explosively mainly in those days.


A Buddhist priest walks around the room with a warning stick calmly.


The priest hits the right shoulder of the samurai who was about to sleep with a warning stick.


The samurai blushed unintentionally, and he joined his hands and inclined the neck to the left and opened the right shoulder. A Buddhist priest strongly hit the right shoulder with a warning stick this time. After the samurai was beat with a warning stick, he joined his hands, and had lowered the head, and he raised his head and stretched out the back and came back to the original posture.


Rencho watched it through the window.

Rencho felt the force that Zen Buddhism spread out among Kamakura samurais in this way with skin.


Renchō passes Wakamiya main street.
It is a gentle uphill slope.

There was Tsuruoka Hachiman Shrine in the distance.

Yoriyoshi Minamotono of the leader of the second generation of Kawachi Genji erected the Hachiman shrine. Yoriyoshi invited a divided god from Iwashimizu Hachiman shrine of Kyoto to the Yui volost of Kamakura and built a Shinto shrine and assumed it a tutelary deity of Genji.

Since his descendant Yoritomo subjugated the Kantō Region, Hachiman became the god of all the samurai. Therefore, anyone of the samurai according to Genji admired Yahata.

"Travel to East", a travelogue of the same era as "Records of Sea and Road", briefly describes the origins of Hachiman Shrine.

“In the first place the origin of this Kamakura is that a person said to be Yoritomo of the late right side general was born in the house of the samurai as a descendant for the ninth generation of the Emperor Seiwa. Because Yoritomo won to a rebel against the Imperial government with a soldier of the loyalty in the days of an end of the Jisho era, a reward from the Imperial Court was given frequently, and he was appointed a general. Because Yoritomo established the Shogunate on this land and built a temple and a Shinto shrine in this place, it became the land which is prosperous like now. Especially in the Hachiman shrine of Tsuruoka, green of pine and oak grows steadily, and there is no time when the offerings to god will end. The concert of the four seasons is held after the musical instrument performers are determined, and in August a festival is held to release living things by the appointed official. The ceremony worshiping God is said not to be different to Iwashimizu Hachiman shrine of the main."


The gentle straight road continues from Hachiman shrine to the sea.

The group mounting a horse come down quietly from Hachiman Shrine on this road.

The person who is riding a horse is Tokiyori Hojou and is Tokisuke of the eldest son and Tokimune of the second son. A vassals follows after them.

Tokiyori is the regent of the Kamakura shogunate. He was only 27 years old.

The regent was lower-ranking than a general of Kamakura apparently. However, the general after Yoritomo became a puppet, and Hojo having the armaments was holding power. Therefore, it might be said that Tokiyori of the regent was the real king of Japan.

Father and children proceed leisurely through Wakamiya Main Street.

The roadside crowd avoid the road and lowered heads.

"That person is Dear Ms. Saimyoji Temple."

Tokimune became a priest at the Saimyoji of the Zen temple. People called him Saimyoji Temple.

Seven years old Tokisuke approaches his father's horse. He shows an expressions that he grieves over the world in spite of being a boy.

"Dad, is it true that you will quit your regent?"

Tokimune replies.

" I do not intend to yet leave it. But I managed the Shogunate, and a decade already passed. That might be the right time soon.

Tokimune of the younger brother approached following an older brother. Tokimune was only 5 years old. The expression of Tokimune was naivete unlike Tokisuke.

"Dad, now it is not time to retire. There are many people who criticize Hojo yet. The Shogunate is safe if father is there."

His brother Tokisuke explicitly had a bad face on him.

These brothers are born of different mothers. And it may be the nature of the lineage of Tokiyori. They bared emulousness in everything.

Tokiyori laughed.

"Do not worry, I am arranging for your future"

Father and children drove a horse fast.



Continued 2 People of Seichoji Temple


table of contents Part 1


Note

crossed legs for meditation

The holiest how to sit down in Buddhism. Riding in combination both legs on both thighs.This how had been used in the sitting image of Buddha. It was performed as how to sit down at the time of the posture of contemplation.




# by johsei1129 | 2017-06-17 16:22 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 13日

1, Journey to Home (2)

                       Japanese version


The scenery of the plowed field broke off, and a row of houses came to continue.

Kamakura became near. The pedestrian traffic increased, too. The shout of the vender sounds.

The daughter who dressed up bewitchingly appeared. She exposes a chest and exposes a thigh and approaches Rencho.

It is a harlot. She was also called 'towari'. In this period, harlot is respected occupations. They were in the stage town by all means.

The state in Odawara of the stage town is pictured in "the road of a spring deep mountain" of the then account of a trip.

“When a day went down, we arrived at inn of Sakawa, but as usual, women and woman divers called us in a loud voice with young harlot.”

There is still the place name of Sakawa in Odawara city, Kanagawa.When the day went down, the Rencho arrived in Sakawa, but local women make noise to take the visitor with a harlot forcibly as always. It is a lively scene.

A pretty daughter talked to Rencho.

"Heavens!, a young monk. Where do you go to?"

Renchō answers.

“I go to the country of Awa.”

The daughter took Rencho's hand suddenly.

“Will not you take me to Kamakura? My husband is in Kamakura. I have become such a status because of a serious reason, but if I enter Kamakura, I can return to original couple. Please with me. "
Even if Rencho get entangled in a harlot, he do not give a dirty look. He stared at the daughter in silence, and thought the future of this woman.

If Kyoto is the base of the court noble, Kamakura is a center of the samurai family. The public security is severe. It is impossible that a mere harlot enters.

The woman opened the lovely lips.

“Buddhist priest, do you think that I tell a lie? "
An elderly woman appeared at that place and soothed the young woman.
“Hey. You must not tease the monk.”
The older woman apologized to Renchō.
“Excuse me. This young daughter is having a hobby that wants to get along if watching a man.”
 Rencho was smiling to hear the exchanges of the conversation of the people in the stage town after a long absence.

“Please do not worry. I felt all the things to watch are unusual because I had trained myself a long time in a mountain. I talked to a woman after a long absence.

Women burst into laughter.

"Indeed!, what a honest Buddhist priest"

Rencho nodded and left.

The women who had been laughing until now greeted him and immediately caught samurai passing by and began to invite.


Renchō came to the entrance of Kamakura.

Kamakura is facing the Pacific in the south, and the north and the east and west were the fortress-like land surrounded by mountains.Therefore, in order to enter Kamakura, people had to go through the sunken road (note) that were dug deep so that one horse could go.

A crowd is in confusion at the entrance of the sunken road.

A samurai of the guard stood right and left and checked the appearance of the passerby.

The samurai obstructed Rencho who was going to pass with a sword.

“Stop. What is your name?”

“My name is Zeshobo Renchō, a monk in Seichō Mountain of Awa.”

“Awa? So do you intend to pass through this Kamakura?”

“Really. I trained myself at various temples including Mt. Hiei during approximately 20 years. And I mastered the Law of Buddha and intend to return to the mountains in hometown.”

"What is the denomination? After all is it Nembutsu?"

Renchō shook his head.

"Then, are you the Zen Buddhism that is popular among samurais now?"

Renchō shook his head again.

Well, are you religious precept sect of dear Ryokan who is praised in Kamakura recently? Or are you Shingon that a noble priest advocates?"

"I am neither of them."

Samurai doubted.

"Stupid. Where the monks of the other sects are in this Japanese country? Well, are you not a fake monk? If that is true, I will not let you go through. "

Renchō said with calm eyes.

"I was able to gain the ultimate truth of the Law of Buddha by the ascetic practices of twenty years. I preach it in the Seichoji temple of the hometown and would like to repay the favor of parents and the teacher."

"What is the ultimate Law of Buddha?"

"It is the Lotus Sutra."

The samurai says.

"What! The Lotus Sutra. I hear it for the first time. Is it not Nam-Amidabutsu?."

Renchō shakes his head again.
"It is a provisional teaching. It is not true teaching of Buddha."

The samurai grasps a sword.
"You are a more doubtful guy. I cannot let you go through."

Rencho watched it and he answered calmly till then, but swore with strong condition to a samurai.

"If you do not let passing through the person who would let the country prosperous, convey true teaching of Buddha and relieve people, you receive a ticking off to Buddha, and the future life falls into the hell. If you do not mind, you need to prepare! "

Renchō and samurai stared at each other.

The samurai had intended to test Rencho. He grinned and let Rencho go through.


Renchō entered Kamakura.
There is a market.
There was crowded with people. Here, the townspeople exchanged necessities such as rice, cloth, birds, liquor, with money.

Kamakura was prosperous so as to compete against Kyoto after Yoritomo Minamoto established the capital here. It is said stores were the most crowded around 4 PM to 7 PM. It is the same also now.
The store is said to be the most crowded around 4 PM to 7 PM. It is the same now too.

People who sell things are gathering beside the road.

People are peeping into it and walking.

Sweaty men dressed in the loincloth pull the carriage which loaded timber on the street.

Rencho walks to see this state. Everything was fresh.

The historical materials that the gaiety of this town can imagine are left. Yasutoki Hojo promulgates a rule of the control in Kamakura in 1240. He says to divide Kamakura into administrative districts, put a magistrate, and firmly ban them. It was 13 years ago, and Rencho was 19-year-old time.

This content was to supervise the next people.

1. Burglar
1, Traveler
1, Kidnapping
1, Villain
1, Buying and selling at a street and the crossroads
1, Narrowing an alley
1, Sumo at crossroads, and the blind musician of the street corner
1, Buying forcibly

Kidnapping is to capture a woman on the street. It's a scary story, but it was frequently in Kamakura.

In the town, blind biwa player sings the He'ike Story, a sumo wrestling took place in various places. A store called Komachiya displays goods at the storefront and narrows a street, and buying and selling begins anywhere, and we can imagine the prosperity of big city. Isn't it interesting that it is forced buying, not selling?


He came to the port. It was the coast of Wakae.

A port suitable for the new capital was completed. Approximately 50 big boats are crowded. Dozens of small boats cluster around the side.

A large quantity of worker takes down a load from a ship busily.

There were the ceramics that a color was fresh. It will be import goods from Chinese Soong.

Rencho looked at it without getting tired.

"The record of the sea and the way" writes down the prosperity of the seashore of then Wakae.

“When we look, the corner of southeast is a port where boats are gathered, and every merchant is prosperous as getting tired of busyness. In the east, the west and the north, this place is surrounded by high mountains and low mountains like a screen and seems to decorate this land. "
It seems that the scene is visible.


Act of god of the horseback archery was carried out in the open spaces in a city.

A crowd crowds until the verge of the passage of the horse.

The samurai who dressed up elegantly ran on a horse and he drew an arrow tothe full and shot a mark wonderfully.

The cheers of people happen all atonce.


Renchō headed east along the coast and reached the beach of Yui.

The author of " Record of Sea and Road " went down to Kamakura from Kyoto in April 1223 and returned to Kyoto in May.

It was a journey with a friend.

It seems that security was good at that time. Because 1223 is three years ago when Rencho is born, it is thought that record was picturing a state of then Kamakura approximately exactly.

“We arrived at the beach of Yui at about 5:00 p.m.

After a short break, looking at the beach, Yui's beach is crowded with hundreds of ships sharing a rope like a chain. The lively scene resembles a sight of Ōtsu of Lake Biwa. A large quantity of numerical densely populated aspect is like the town of Ōyodo that is near to the shrine of Ise. After the sunset in front of the gate of the Holy Spirit Shrine, we passed through Wakamiya Boulevard and reached the inn.”



                  Continued


table of contents Part 1


note

Sunken road

The photograph is the sunken road of Nago'e, one of the seven sunken roads of Kamakura.

f0301354_23541425.jpg

horseback archery (Yabusame in Japanese)

f0301354_22054333.jpg



# by johsei1129 | 2017-06-13 21:50 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 06月 10日

1, Journey to Home (1)


                     Japanese version



It was spring of 1253 of the Kamakura era.

The water of Lake Biwa was reflecting Mount Hi’ei. Enryakuji Temple was having towered in this forest of Hi'ei Mountain.

Many monks were reading books in the vast hall, and outside they were talking while walking along the mountain road.

An old monk and a young monk were sitting and facing each other at small room in this temple.

A young monk was called Renchō.

The aged priest said regretfully.

" Renchō, are you going to go?"

Rencho answered so, and he went down the slopes in a tower without already looking back.

The old priest watched Rencho until he was out of sight.


Rencho who became 32 years old had finished ascetic practices and the studies for 15 years at temples including Enryakuji Temple, and he made up his mind to return to Awa of the hometown.

Renchō wears a hat and goes down the road to east.

A group of samurai riding a horse came running from behind.The samurais put on formal headwear and run off with bows and arrows on his back.

"Get out of my way!”

A passerby goes into the sideway in a hurry.


When Rencho looked back on the course that came slowly, Mt. Hi'ei faded away.

It is a long journey from Ōmi to Awa.

Calm sunlight of the early summer comes in to a wicker hat of Rencho.

A field of a foxtail millet and the Japanese barnyard millet spreads out endlessly around a road.

A samurai and the common people are walking past each other. Women covered with a big marketeer's hat accompanied the servants and come and go each other.


Rencho stopped in front of a farmhouse.

Farmers gather while surrounding one Buddhist priest. They seem to hear something.

The Buddhist priest of Nembutsu came for propagation in this village.

In the Kamakura era, the Nenbutsu sect of Buddhism spread out explosively.

Farmers matched their hand to the Nembutsu priest who wore black Ami clothes (note) and shoulder-worn robe.

"Thank Heaven. A Buddhist priest of Nembutsu say that we can be beatified by advocating Nam-Amidabutsu."

"Amitabha Tathagata, please help us. We do not have a method to solve recent famine and epidemic. We cannot live without help of Amitabha. We are dead after this and only wait for Buddhists' paradise."

The Buddhist priest takes the hand of the farmer and talks to him.

"It is a truly good mind, this is what it fulfills the teachings of the Buddha. If you chant only Amida Buddha, the desire to be born in Pure Land will be fulfilled. "

Rencho walks the side.

The Nembutsu sect is also called Pure Land sect.

Nembutsu that Honen began spread among the common people in Japan intensely.A extremely simple teaching that person could go to the Buddhists' paradise for if he chanted Nam-Amida-Buddha caught the mind of the then people who panted in the difficult situations such as famine, the epidemic. The expanse of this Nembutsu began since the era of Retire Emperor Gotoba just 50 years ago. Because it was too popular, even a learned and virtuous priest of Enryakuji Temple of the head temple of the Tendai chanted Nembutsu.


Rencho goes ahead through the road to the east more.

He intended to go to Kamakura of the capital of the samurai on the road to the hometown.

It is said that it took 12 days from Kyoto to Kamakura in those days. How much days would he need from Mt. Hiei-zan to Awa? It is thought to take at least 15 days.

Fuji covered with snow far far away appeared.

The then people had reverence towards Mount Fuji than modern people thought.

It is being written down with "the Record of the Sea and the Road" that is an account of a trip of the Kamakura era.

"Mount Fuji rises in the middle of the sky and surpasses it from the mountains of every direction as I heard it at the capital. The top of the mountain is the road which a bird crosses, and the foot of the mountain is the road which the beast goes along. Snow wraps up the top of the mountain with a white color like a hood. In addition, a long cloud like a bellyband surrounds the middle of the mountain. The height seemed to build a ladder over the heaven, and the person to climb comes back without being able to finish climbing it. The foot of the mountain is wide as taking it for days to go around , and the person walking here goes as if carrying a mountain on his back. A hot spring springs out on the mountaintop, and thin smoke goes up subtly, and a cold pond is full of water in the middle of the mountain, and a flow to overflow becomes the river. This is a solemn mountain which we cannot compare in really many mountains.”


   continued


table of contents Part 1


note

Ami cloth   

One of the canonical robes which was made as if knitting a straw bag in the fiber of hemp and the nettle.



# by johsei1129 | 2017-06-10 12:25 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 05月 27日

Outline of the LIFE of NICHIREN


                           Japanese version



Nichiren was born in Kominato, Tojo volost, Awa Province on February 16 1222.

The Kamakura Shogunate was established in Japan by Yoritomo Minamoto, and 40 years passed. Mongolia empire was going to conquer Asia by military power in the Orient, and invasion of the Crusade began in the West. It was the times of a global fight.


 Father of Nichiren was called Tayuu Mikuni, and mother was called Umegiku. The details are unclear, but Tayuu Mikuni of father lived as a fisherman, and it is said that he was as work by killing creatures. Nichiren writes it down later. "I, Nichiren, is a child of chandāla (untouchable) family in the seaside of the Tojo Village of Awa country in barbaric Japan of east". (Receiving the Disfavor and Banishment to Sado) On the other hand, it is known that Umegiku of mother was the families of the military commander of the Kamakura era. There is talk that mother was a well-educated lady to make Japanese poems. It is thought that his ability to write ingeniously might have discipline of this mother.


Nichiren called a childhood name Zen’nichimaro. 1233. He climbed to the ancient temple Seichoji which was near Kominato of the hometown in 1233 when he became 12 years old, and he became a pupil there. Nichiren is writing in the letter which addressed to the believers of the Seichōji follows later.

 “I received great wisdom from the living Kokuzo Bodhisattva. I prayed to the bodhisattva. ‘Please make me to a wisest person in Japan.’ The Bodhisattva would think that I was poor. He gave the great jewel as brilliant as the morning star to my right sleeve. Thereafter, while I learn the all Buddhist scriptures, I could grasp superiority and inferiority of eight denominations and the all Buddhist scriptures.” (To the Seichoji Temple public)


Four years later, he became a monk formally at 16 years old, and took the tonsure and changed the name to Zeshobo-Rencho. Zesho means that the person from the sun was born. Rencho vowed that he gave life to Law of Buddha without having child and wife.


But the country of Awa with the Seichoji temple was remote land culturally. Rencho visited various temples that was the center of the Buddhism such as the Yakushi-ji Temple of the Southern capital, the Enryakuji of Hi'ei mountain, the Tsuruoka Hachiman Shrine of Kamakura and he learned the essence of the Law of Buddha. Rencho studied 16 years successively and mastered the Law of Buddha at last. At this time, Nichiren prepared himself that hardship was waiting ahead. And he vowed. "I will be the pillars of Japan. I will be the eyes of Japan. I will be a great ship of Japan."


Rencho returned to Awa of the hometown on April 28 of 1253 and declared the establishment of the true Buddhism. And he changed own name to Nichiren. The place was the Buddha statue hall in the Seichoji temple which Rencho has prayed for making himself to the wisest person in Japan.


"Nam-Myoho-Renge-Kyo."

Nichiren declared that the people of the whole world (Jambudvipa) could open the gate of attaining Buddhahood by chanting this subject.

 At the same time, he criticised the four sects that prevent the road to Buddhahood of people thoroughly. Nembutsu sect create negative karma that cause the people to fail into the hell of incessant suffering; Zen gives rise to devil's functions; Shingon is an evil teaching that destroys the nation; and Ritsu sect is the traitor. The maxims of four mean this. The maxims of this four, it was the sharp sword against worldly desire for cutting off the fundamental darkness of all creatures. 


But Kagenobu Tojo, land steward of Awa, heard this matter, was trying to arrest Nichiren immediately. Because Kagenobu was a strong believer of Nembutsu, also he was trying to control the Seichji Temple. A difficulty befell Nichiren immediately like as Shakyamuni Buddha preached in the Lotus Sutra "A difficulty befalls you if you spread the great clear Law in the Latter Day of the Law".


Nichiren avoided this difficulty and began propagation in Kamakura of the capital of the politics. Nichiren, to spread the subject of Nam-myoho-renge-kyo, began to criticize the other sect severely. Nichiren had continued this activity for 18 years. Although he criticized the other sect, he increased notoriety along with the fame. Also Nichiren taught that his believers should spread the Law according to their ability.As a result, believers to Nichiren were gradually increasing to relatives of the disciples, samurai's colleagues, and monk of the other denomination.


In addition, famine and a contagious disease were raging in those days. The great disaster was frequent, too.

“From late years to recently there have been ominous occurrences in the heavens, and natural disasters on earth. Famine and pestilence rage in all lands beneath the skies and in every corner of the realm. Dead cattle and horses are everywhere, and human skeletons clutter the streets. More than half the population has already perished, and there is not a single person who does not mourn."

Nichiren recorded this tragic situation. He asked the way of solution from all sutras of the Buddha.

The large earthquake occurred in May 1257 in addition. This major earthquake destroyed all buildings of Kamakura. Nichiren finds out that a disaster to continue without a break does not get up accidentally but happened from the bad Law of Nembutsu, he finishes writing 'On Securing the Peace of the Land by Establishing True Teachings of Buddhism.' (Risshō Ankokuron).

In July, 1260, Nichiren submitted this to Tokiyori Hojou who have the regal power through the lay priest Yadoya of the Shogunate official.

At this time, Nichiren advised lay priest Yadoya to stop assistance to Nembutsu and Zen sect which had been recognized officially by shogunate. Furthermore, if it was not adopted, he foretold that an internal war and the invasion of other countries happen. (The first of the Advising the Government to Convert the Whole Nation to the Right Religion)


By the way, Hokibo Nikko became a disciple to Nichiren while writing the Rissho Ankokuron.

Nikko will become the successor of Nichiren later. After this, the young 12-years-old Nikko stands on front of the propagation, as if "obey the form of the shadow to Nichiren."


One month after Nichiren submitted Rissho Ankokuron, believers of Nembutsu sect attacked the thatched hut of Nichiren. (Persecution of Buddhists in the Matsuba Valley). Barely Nichiren was able to escape this difficulty. In addition, the following year, May 1261, the Kamakura shogunate exiled Nichiren to Izu. The reason was because there was the strong believer of Nembutsu sect in the cabinet minister of the shogunate. However, two years later, Tokiyori Hojou of the regent admits that this disposal depended on defamatory words and he pardons Nichiren. The activity of propagation (shakubuku) by Nichiren's disciples become even more active with this.


The vast comet appears in the sky in July of 1264 (the Bunei first year) , and the uneasiness of the world increases still more. November of that year, Nichiren was attacked from Kagenobu Tōjō of the estate steward at Komatsubara of Awa country. (Persecution of Buddhists in Komatsubara). Nichiren was cut his brow and broke his left arm. However, he deepened the conviction still more that himself was the votary of the Lotus Sutra in the Latter Day of the Law because he proved the prediction that great calamity would befall on the votary of the Lotus Sutra.


Then in January 1268 after four years, the incident to bring dark clouds in the future in Japan happens. The envoy of the Mongolia empire arrived at Dazaifu and demanded subordination. Mongolia destroyed Korea with the powerful armaments and invaded to mainland China. Kublai Khan, the emperor of the Yuan dynasty, demanded subordination from Japan in his letter. Further, if rejected this, he threatened to attack japan. The Kamakura Shogunate began preparations for defense in defiance of this threat. As a result, the attack of Mongolia became decisive.


This incident meant the hit of the calamity of the invasion of other countries which Nichiren has foretold in Rissho Ankokuron nine years ago. Nichiren was convinced that this national crisis could not be settled if it was not himself and he sent the letters (11 Letters) to each temple of Kamakura including regent Tokimune Hojo in October of that year, and demanded the debate of public place. This purpose is to gather the Buddhist priests of each denominations in front of a king, and to determine right or wrong of the Law of Buddha. Nichiren claimed that a national crisis would approach finally if Shogunate did not stop faith in evil doctrine.


But Kamakura monks including the shogunate smothered Nichiren's remonstration. They had been afraid that the force of Nichiren become more powerful. The number of believers who are believing in the Lotus Sutra has already reached a one-tenth of Japan.


The Kamakura Shogunate gave Ryokan of the Gokurakuji temple the order to pray for rain in June, 1271 when three years passed from the arrival of the letter of Mongolia. Japan's fields had been hit by drought that year. Gokurakuji Ryokan was the high priest of the shogunate recognition and has criticized Nichiren opposing in a doctrine intensely.

Nichiren offered the confrontation of praying for rain to this Ryokan. Result, Ryokan was defeated miserably at this game and began a plan to entrap Nichiren into for self-protection. Ryokan gained the favor of wives of Shogunate officials and poured obstinate defamatory words. This voice spread out in the Shogunate, and the air which shall investigate Nichiren opened.


On September 10, Nichiren was summoned to Yoritsuna Taira of the chief vassal of the Shogunate. Yoritsuna was overseeing the military and police of shogunate, was the brain truster of the regent Tokimune. Yoritsuna asked about the truth of defamatory words, but because Nichiren had insisted on preparing of Mongolia by the correct Law, Nichiren provoked a rage of Yoritsuna.


On the night of September 12, Yoritsuna Taira attacked the thatched hut of Nichiren. Yoritsuna had a plan to assassinate Nichiren without receiving permission of the regent Tokimune. Nichiren shouted while receiving a wound to the forehead, “You guys are right now trying to overthrow the pillar of Japan!" and foretold the calamity of revolt and the calamity of invasion from foreign country again. (The second of the Advising the Government to Convert the Whole Nation to the Right Religion)


Nichiren was to be beheaded in Kamakura coast called "Tatsunokuchi (dragon's mouth)." (Persecution of Buddhists in Tatsunokuchi)But enforcement of the death penalty was aborted by the luminous object that suddenly appeared between the hours of the Ox and the Tiger (from a.m. 1:00 to a.m.5:00). At that moment, Nichiren wiped away the temporary style of the reincarnation of the Bodhisattva Jogyo who was preached in the Lotus Sutra from the particular omen that happened at the place of desperate situation. At the same time, he expressed that he himself was the Buddha having the intrinsically perfect wisdom and is the origin of the Buddha in the infinite past. (Sweeping the provisional and revealing the origin.)And he declared,“Nichiren, I am master, teacher, father and mother to all the people of Japan.” and showed that he was the Buddha who have the three virtue of master, teacher, parent in the Latter Day of the Law.


Oppression such as exile or the territory confiscation began to the believers by the arrest of Nichiren. Nichiren records that 99 of 100 people of the same discipline abandoned their beliefs. Although regent Tokimune spared the life of Nichiren, he received defamatory words and decided the banishment to the Sado island.


Sado Island was a land of adversity, but Nichiren erected the true object of worship, the Gohonzon, in the situation of the Primordial Buddha in the latter day of the Law.

"Teaching" called the Lotus Sutra of Shakyamuni Buddha was left in the latter day of the Law, but "Practice" to become Buddha became unsuitable for the times and it lost power. Therefore, although all creatures have been practicing Buddhism, they had not been able to acquire the "proof" that they attain Buddhahood. Nichiren conferred the object of worship (Gohonzon) of a scroll on all creatures of the latter day of the Law, and he established a “practice" that all creatures attain Buddhahood by chanting Nam-Myoho-Renge-Kyo to the Gohonzon over the future forever.


In January, 1272 of the next year, Nichiren had won in dispute with other sect at Tsukahara of Sado. 'Debate in Tsukahara' Then, Nichiren had predicted to Honma Shigetsura of the agent of constables of Sado, “The civil war will soon occur in Japan." A battle (February disturbance) happened among the whole families of Hojo in Kamakura one month later and gave the Shogunate a shock.


In February, 1273, regent Tokimune Hojo pardoned Nichiren at last. Tokimune made the plan to borrow power of Nichiren, and to raise the fate of the country against the attack of the Mongolia empire. The doctrine of Nichiren who was prohibited was recognized officially by this pardon virtually.


Nichiren returns to Kamakura and, in this April, meets Yoritsuna Tairano who received the intention of Tokimune Hojo. And Nichiren answered a question of Yoritsuna. "It will not certainly spend this year". In other words Nichiren predicted that Mongolia would attack by the end of this year, and he preached it that shogunate must not let the various sects including Shingon say grace . (The third of the Advising the Government to Convert the Whole Nation to the Right Religion)

But the Shogunate was not able to remove existing sects. Nichiren pushed away the Shogunate and lived in seclusion in Mount Minobu of Kai country. He was according to this maxim on the surface “If you remonstrate about a lord three times and were not used, you must live in the forest.” The real intention was to train disciples, and to achieve the purpose of his life.


In October of that year, like he foretold, Mongolia came in to attack. Dazaifu was broken including Iki Tsushima, and the Japan side was the state that looked like defeat. The Mongolia forces went away, but pessimistic information that Japan would be destroyed by the next attack was transmitted.


After secluded life in the mountain of Minobu, Nichiren was not out of the mountain even one step. But he left the writings and erected the Gohonzon and educated disciples and wrote letters to believers incessantly. He poured his best so that the correct Law of the Buddha is transmitted to the far future.

Shijo Kingo of the believer of Kamakura was the strong believer who shared a persecution of Tatsunokuchi, but he was forced apostasy on by a lord. Nichiren continues to send letters of encouragement to Kamakura far away from the thatched hut of Minobu mountain.

Also Ikegami brother who was born in the house of Minister of Construction fell into predicament that had been forced to Nembutsu from father. Nichiren encouraged to withstand and said "Grit your teeth!"


Persecution of Buddhists in Atsuhara happened in September 1279. Nikko of disciple had propagated the Law of Nichiren at Atsuhara of Fuji region extensively. Therefore, the monks of other sect devoted to the Lotus Sutra one after another, this faith went spreading to farmers

 Yoritsuna Taira saw this situation seriously and arrested people of 20 farmers who are believing in the Lotus Sutra and urged the apostasy. Yoritsuna could not arrest Nichiren who were permitted, but he aimed at the farmer socially vulnerable instead. This was the great persecution that believers of Nichiren received the first time. Although farmers were threatened, they refused rigidly, and three brothers including Jinshirō were executed.

Nichiren was impressed by the sight of unnamed farmers carrying through the religious belief, at that time, he felt all the people of the world to embrace the marvelous Law, so he erected the real object of worship (Dai-Gohonzon). it was not erected by mere opportunity or relationship, this great mandala was erected for all creatures of the whole world. Nichiren drew the Dai-gohonzon to the surface of the big camphor tree to withstand to 10, 000 years or end of the future in the latter day of the Law.

This Dai-gohonzon was the purpose in his life that needed time, "I was 27 years" from the declaration of the establishing true Buddhism.

The Dai-gohonzon erected on October 12, 1279 (the second year of Koan Era) is the One Great Secret Law to gather up the Three Great Secret Law (the Essential Object of Worship, the Essential High Sanctuary, the Essential Subject) of the basic theory of the Law of Nichiren, and it is placed in Ho'an Hall of Daisekiji temple of Fuji now.


Nichiren repeatedly preached that Japan would fall by the Mongolia forces.

Mongolia attacked Japan at 140,000 soldiers and 4,400 warships again in 1281.

Mongolia approached Japan on a big boat by the force that conquered China, but met with a typhoon and was exterminated and was defeated.

Nichiren who advocated the destruction of the country to this result had kept silence, but the Buddhist priest of various sects boasted that it was the result of own prayer.

Nichikan of the 26 generation in Fuji Taisekiji temple said, "Because various gods received the commandments from Nichiren of the sect founder, gods helped the country". Nichikan is declaring that the victory of Japan is an achievement of Nichiren. (Commentary of 'Repaying Debts of Gratitude', Part One)


Nichiren who became 61 years old realized that the death was approaching and, in September, 1282, he established the successor in Byakuren Ajari Nikko.

"When the sovereign embraces this Law, you should establish the High Sanctuary of Hommongi Temple to Mount Fuji. You must await the time. This is the thing called religious precepts of the actual Law." and he entrusted Nikko with the propagation throughout world (kosen-rufu) .

And, for all monks to follow himself, he admonished them, "You would suffer Law punishment of nature if you do not place the name of sun when you attach a name to yourself".

After this, Nichiren went down the mountain of Minobu on September 8, and stayed in house of Munenaka Ikegami in Musashi country. And in spite of the disease, he lectured the Risshō-Ankokuron to disciples.

And October 8, he appointed six monks of becoming the leader between disciple, then he entered the nirvana at Ikegami house at the time of dragon (7 a.m. to 9 a.m.)October 13.


Nikko of the successor has protected Buddhism of Nichiren as a administrator of the Kudoo temple of Mount Minobu after death of Nichiren during six years, but Sanenaga Hakii of the lord of a manor who should protect Nikko during this period committed four slanders of the Law. Hakiri had erected the Buddha statue, and worshiped at the Shinto shrine, and held the service for slandering of the Law and had built the hall of Nembutsu.Furthermore, Nikou, one of the six monks, had agreed this slander, so slandering of the Law in Minobu Mountain has spread.

Nikko cannot stay there anymore if the landowner of Minobu do not hear it even if he is stained with slandering of the Law and is remonstrated. 1288 December, brokenhearted Nikko went away the Minobu Mountain which became the land of slander. And 1290 after two years, Nikko accepted a donated land from Tokimitsu Nanjo who was a strong believer receiving discipline of Nichiren for two generations, founded the Fuji Taisekiji Temple in Suruga and placed Dai-gohonzon here. Nikko has continued defending the Law principles of sect founder Nichiren in the land of this Ueno for forty three years.


Nikko, became 88 years old, entrusts Nichimoku who is the best disciple for after his death.

That content was that Nichimoku must hang Dai-Gohonzon of the essential sanctuary which was erected by teacher Nichiren to the Hommonzi temple in dawn of the kosen-ruhu. And Nikko said like teacher Nichiren."Nichimoku would manage Taisekiji Temple including the Holy Hall and the cemetery. He maintain the premises and conduct gongyo (Buddhist religious service) and should await the time of kosen ruhu. "

And the following year, he has left 26 religious precepts to future disciples and believers for kosen-rufu and the rescue of ten thousand years and left the world.

"Fuji style should not be different in the least from the propagation which the former teacher performed.”

"In our denomination, you dye sublime writings into your soul and convey the supreme theory from a teacher, and should hear Tientai if there is spare time."

"Teacher" means Nichiren." The sublime teachings " signify the one which had been written by Nichiren. Precepts of these 26 are being defended in Fuji Taisekiji Temple now firmly.


Nichimoku of the successor did a trip to submit the written opinion to the Imperial Court of Kyoto in November of the year in which Nikko died. It is said to have been the Kokka Kangyo (advising the government to convert the whole nation to the right religion) of the 42nd in his life. But he was in the middle of trip, entered nirvana in the town of Tarui in Mino country. He was seventy four years old.

Nichimoku talked regret becoming the end at deathbed and he said with a will that if there was the person who accomplished a claim to the government on behalf of him, that person would be the second coming of Nichimoku and he left the world.


The spirit spreading Law over three generations was inherited ceaselessly in this way. The Dai-Gohonzon was inherited to Nikko from Nichiren, then was handed down to Nichimoku from Nikko. The Nichiren believer of the same discipline who assumes this Dai-gohonzon the root of the faith is amounting to more than 50 countries in the world now.



continued Life of Nichiren Part 1



# by johsei1129 | 2017-05-27 18:42 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 05月 18日

6 Feud with Tojo Kagenobu (3)

                  Japanese ver.


"Buddhist priest of the Seichoji Temple, Nichiren state it. It is the venerable temple which our Seichoji Temple inherits a tradition of the Great Teacher Dengyo, and has lasted for 500 years. Is it not a little too hasty to place it under protection of lord of a manor easily in now? The temple respects Buddha to the last and is a place of the faith to plan that allcreatures are saved by Buddha. The temple is not a place for the vulgar world.”

Kagenobu catches the sword.

“It is this man to have pretended Nembutsu to be the hell of the incessant suffering.”

The clerk reproved Kagenobu who was excited.

“Dear Tojo, we discuss the territory here. we do not discuss the Law of Buddha.”

Nichiren continues it.

“The other. Is this court not the place that both a samurai and the farmer and of course priests examine closely impartially?”

The judgesaid a formal language.

"It is true"

“If so, should you not do judgment in conformity with common sense as written on Formulary of Adjudications without being afraid of authority without hesitating to the public?"

really.”

“If so, it is clear that our Seichoji Temple is guiltless. The court takes up the land of lord of a manor as punishment according to the Formularyof Adjudications to ban that the reckless lord of a manor embezzles land without permission, and what court gives the Seichoji Temple is fair.”

The Tojo side leaned forward this time.

“None of your sauce!”

Kagenobu stood up, but he was stopped by the subordinate.

Similarly, the Seichoji Temple side thought losing if they remained silent and they raised avoice and fought back.

The government official quiets it, but both booing does not stop. The judge declared closing in a hurry.

"Confound it you, be still! Today's trial is closed with this.”


The priests and farmers gathered at the inn of Kamakura in the evening.

Everybody cross their arm, and they look anxious.

Farmer told in whispered tones.

"There may not be the winning chances with the state of the trial."

"The other party is a samurai family. There will be the support of the government, too. Ten to one it is …"

It becomes pessimistic against the lord of a manor by all means. Farmers were depressed, but they noticed there were the people who were absorbed in talking in a ring in the corner of the room.

The center of the ring was Nichiren. He grasps the Lotus Sutra in his hand.

Jokenbo and Gijobo and others listen to instruction of Nichiren seriously.

"You must not give it up. Even timidity is not good. Here is the time of the game. The partner is a samurai, but the righteous reason wins by all means. The tyranny of the lord of a manor cannot be good for being permitted. Just a little more patience, everybody."

Jokenbo tuned.

“So. That's right. Nichiren priest is right. It is time when we Seichoji Temple becomes one in body and mind now.”

Gijobo had a sparkle in his eye.

"Priest Nichiren, you spoke well. You are reliable!”

Nichiren grasped the scroll of sutras and stood up.

"We only pray afterward". If this Lotus Sutra has power, the wish should surely come true. It is the time to try the power of daimoku now.”

Enchibo of the elder stood in the way there.

"I was terrible, Nichiren, you cursed towards lord of a manor". Seichoji Temple is extinction because of you. A devil possesses you who say Nembutsu is hell. It is sure that the trial loses. Leave here early!”

The surrounding people was upset about words of Enchibo, but Nichiren was calming down.

“Dear Enchibo.I respected you since a boy. However, I just understood clearly. You will fall into the bottom of the hell of incessant suffering more deeply than the scholar of Nembutsu at the time of end.”

Nichiren raised the scroll of sutras of the Lotus Sutra.

“You must quickly reform your dwarfish mind and embrace the marvelous Law of Buddha.”

Enchibo leaves without being able to answer. Several believers followed him.

Nichiren sat in the balcony and has begun to chant towards the moon of the heaven.

“Nam-myoho-renge-kyo,Nam-myoho-renge-kyo,…”

Jokenbo and Gijobo sit down behind him and chant in chorus. And dozens of believers of the Seichoji Temple chanted it hard.


The day of the end has come.

The people of the Seichoji Temple watched the entrance of the court anxiously.

The temple side and Kagenobu side were divided into right and left in the room of the trial and sat down.

Everybody is tense. They are talking in whispers.

On the other hand, there was Kagenobu with a satisfactory face.

The judge appeared on the front before long.

The room fell silent, and the clerk declared it.

"Then we state judgment for the reversion of the territory of the Seichoji Temple from now on"

The judge told it solemnly.

“We accept the law suit of the Seichoji Temple side about this lawsuit. We command a lord of a manor to return the land which he occupied hurriedly.”

At this moment, the people of the temple grasped a hand each other. There is the person putting both hands together.

Kagenobu was a face dumbfounded in contrast. He told like being absentminded.

"Is it not some kind of mistakes not to receive the claim of the lord of a manor?"

The judge was tense and answered.

"This is the judgment of the all members of our court"

Kagenobu stood up.

"What a piece of folly!"

Kagenobu pointed his finger at the judge.

"Still are you samurais? Why do you help the temple which seems being destroyed? What kind of intentions do you have?"

The judge answers calmly.

"Lord Tojo, I may understand your feeling. However, it is the place of the trial here. It becomes the territory confiscation if you tell curses here. You must know your situation well."

Kagenobu does not calm down.

“Stupid! Such a thing is permitted, and is it good? You has disgraced me. When it comes to this, I appeal to Governor or lord Kamakura.”

The judge takes it calmly. He serves the Shogunate, but is the executant of fair law at the same time. He told himself that he turned to the ceiling and promised.

"Formulary of Adjudications says. 1. We are not smart, and the thought is light, but we think straight and not think to twist it.”

The clerk swore with the same posture.

"1. We do not work for the profit of the authorized person."

The rating government official was the same.

"1. We say that the right thing is right. We say that it is wrong if without grounds for something.”

The judge says more.

"1. When the person who remains silent about the right and wrong while knowing the detailed progress to hide the plot of a certain person is criticized by laterpeople, we understand it. What do you think, Lord Kagenobu?”

It is right a just argument.

Kagenobu stood bolt-upright in the hall. And he left with a reproachfull look. Retainers follow and leave.

The judge declared it last.

"We finish the matter of the trial"

Seichoji side raised a voice at the same time at the last declaration and gave vent to delight.

People held shoulders each other.


continued (4)


Life of Nichiren Part 1 contents



# by johsei1129 | 2017-05-18 17:42 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)
2017年 05月 15日

6 Feud with Tojo Kagenobu (2)

                 Japanese ver.


The beginning of court of the Kamakura Shogunate is from the own residence of Yoritomo Minamoto. Yoritomo prepared another entrance hall into the home and attached a sign board of the small "High Court of Law". It is the first court in Japan.

The place that appealed was not established before this. The trial remained a tyranny by the court noble of Kyoto. It was epoch-making that Yoritomo established the place of the trial.

However, it is not getting along.

Yoritomo was enthusiastic to settle anything by himself, but people having the suit at law counting on him increase remarkably and come over from the whole country. Disgusted by the shouts and arguments exchanged within his compound, Yoritomo ordered the relocation of the high court.


The High Court of Law of Kamakura is a formal building.

The entrance was crowded with a samurai and the farmers with the complaint.

There was a hall facing the garden.

There is the judge in the center, and a clerk is on his side. Furthermore, the government official watching progress at behind waits.

At first, the trial of this time was held by letter.

The defendant confronts a plaintiff by letter three times.

Finally, a confrontation was carried out in a court.

Nichiren wrote tyranny of Kagenobu in the letter of a suit and appealed to the High Court of Law. The High Court of Law hands this to Kagenobu. Kagenobu makes an explanation book and holds it out to the High Court of Law. The statement meant this. The High Court of Law hands this statement to the Seichoji temple side and lets them refute it. They performed this repetition to three times. It is the three suits and three explanations.

The High Court of Law performs only the examination of the letter. They do not check it in oneself even if they may be suspicious. If it is suspected, both the person who appealed and who was accused had to prove it by oneself. There is not the lawyer of the primary occupation like the trial of modern times. The High Court of Law called both sides last and let them make the oral proceedings and concluded a hearing in this way.

Nichiren was familiar with the law of the world such as Formulary of Adjudications besides study of the Law of Buddha. He used every text and wrote the complaint and refuted the statement of the lord of a manor.

On the other hand, Kagenobu intended going to pass it by force. He ruled over the fields of the Seichoji temple and was going to change the temple into the Nenbutsu sect. Therefore, he demanded support from Shigetoki Hojou of the consignatory (note) in aides of regent Tokiyori Hojou. Shigetoki is the strong believer of Nembutsu as the founder of Gokurakuji temple and was called Lord Gokurakuji. The influence power to the High Court of Law overwhelmed the Seichoji temple side.


Three suits and three explanations were over, and the day of the confrontation came.

Tojo Kagenobu appeared in the garden of the court. He is arrogant as ever.

“I was made to wait. The trouble is reflected on my work for the worthless appeal. It is the cursed nuisance.”

The executive officer touched both hands on the floor.

“Well, well! Lord Tojo, you came here specially. It was a tiring for you.”

The clerk told it.

“Next, each one of the Seichoji temple.”

Village headman of the Seichoji temple, farmers, Gijobo, Zhokenbo appeared. Finally, Dozenbo came out weakly.

The judge declares a start of the oral argument.

“We try you from now on about the territory of the Seichoji temple.”

Jokenbo of the Seichoji temple appears before.

“Originally the Seichoji temple is the Tendai sect. This is the historical temple existing before than the times of Lord Yoritomo. Kagenobu of the lord of a manor occupies it without permission, and it is the unlawful measure to recapture the attached fields. Law of Buddha is going to be cut off now. We demand that we control the offence of the lord of a manor promptly.”

Kagenobu argues.

“This Kagenobu is the person left the part of Awa to according to a direction of lord Kamakura. I understand the Seichoji that is a certain formality temple, but there is the problem in managing it.”

People of the Seichoji temple side trembled in anger and stared at Kagenobu.

“They do not obey various kinds of laws, and they seem to have less admiration for Nembutsu that most of Japanese believe in. Not only it but also the Buddhist priest who called Nembutsu the hell of the incessant suffering appeared. When it comes to this, as a lord of a manor keeping nearby land, I cannot leave them unattended. I judged that I should manage them under the samurais for around three years.”

The judge gives the Seichoji temple side an icy look.

“Is there the excuse for something by the resident?”

The village headman of the Seichoji glebe appeared.

“We lived by protection of the Buddhist priests of the Seichoji temple during these several hundred years. We farmers are not able to bear it if samurai becomes the new master…”

The village headman was startled and covered his mouth with his hand.

The judge caviled at his words.

“Not able to bear it…?”

Kagenobu burst into laughter.

The judge is disgusted.

“I am samurai, too. If it is the temple with many problems, a lord of a manor having high ability for peace and order should manage it. Besides Lord Kagenobu establishes the time limit of three years. The Seichoji temple may be reconciled with each other by the condition of this time limit.”

Jokenbo cried.

“A time-limited condition is the usual practice that a person to rule over uses!”

Gijobo was going to stand up too, but the village headman stopped him. After all, does the person bow before authority?

Kagenobu was convinced of winning the case and he flashed his smile. The superiority is clear.

The Judge nodded to Kagenobu.

“This judgment will be day after tomorrow”.

When the Judge was going to stand up, a voice broke out.

“Wait!”

The voice was of Nichiren.


             Continued to (3)


Life of Nichiren Part 1 contents


Note

the consignatory

Post of the Kamakura Shogunate. It is the aide of the regent and is located in the situation of “the vice-regent” substantially. It is the beginning that Yasutoki Hojo appointed Tokifusa Hojou of the uncle in 1224. Because he signed the official document of the Shogunate by a joint signature with the regent, it was called the consignatory. A system to suppress the runaway of the regent.




More

# by johsei1129 | 2017-05-15 22:51 | LIFE OF NICHIREN | Comments(0)